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  • Civil Aviation Authority

    PBN Implementation Plan – New Zealand

    Version 1 16 December 2009

  • New Zealand PBN Implementation Plan

    Version 1 - 16 December 2009 CAA & MoT NZ i

    Table of Contents

    Acronyms ................................................................................................................. 1 

    Executive Summary ................................................................................................ 3 

    Introduction ............................................................................................................. 4 

    The PBN Implementation Plan ............................................................................... 6  1.  Background .............................................................................................................. 6  2.  Area Navigation (RNAV) .......................................................................................... 6  3.  Required Navigation Performance (RNP) ................................................................ 7  4.  Current Status of RNAV & RNP Operations in New Zealand ................................... 7  5.  Airspace Concept ..................................................................................................... 9  6.  Challenges ............................................................................................................. 11  7.  Operational Efficiency Benefits .............................................................................. 13  8.  Approaches with Vertical Guidance ....................................................................... 13  9.  Implementation ...................................................................................................... 14  9.1  Short Term (NZ Implementation Target December 2012) ...................................... 14  9.2  Medium term (NZ Implementation Target 2017) .................................................... 15  9.3  Long term (NZ Implementation Target 2020) ......................................................... 16  10.  Technology Recommendations .............................................................................. 17  10.1 GNSS Equipment ................................................................................................... 17  10.2 ATC Transponder .................................................................................................. 17 

    Appendices ............................................................................................................ 18  Appendix A – List of NZ organisations consulted and representative details ................. 18  Appendix B – Implementation Schedule for En-route, Terminal and Approach

    Procedures by Aeronautical Design and Development. ........................................ 1 

  • New Zealand PBN Implementation Plan

    Version 1 - 16 December 2009 CAA & MoT NZ 1

    Acronyms The following is a list of acronyms used in this document: 4DT Four Dimensional Trajectory ADS-B Automatic Dependent Surveillance - Broadcast ADS-C Automatic Dependent Surveillance - Contract ANSP Air Navigation Service Provider APCH Approach APV Approach Procedures with Vertical Guidance ATC Air Traffic Control ATM Air Traffic Management ATS Air Traffic Service AWS Automated Weather Station Baro-VNAV Barometric Vertical Navigation CAA Civil Aviation Authority CAR Civil Aviation Rules CDO Continuous Descent Operations CFIT Controlled Flight into Terrain CNS/ATM Communication Navigation Surveillance/Air Traffic Management CPDLC Controller Pilot Data Link Communications CTA Controlled Airspace DME Distance Measuring Equipment ETS Emissions Trading Scheme FANS Future Air Navigation System FMS Flight Management System GHG Greenhouse Gas GNSS Global Navigation Satellite System ICAO International Civil Aviation Organisation IFR Instrument Flight Rules ILS Instrument Landing System INS Inertial Navigation System IRU Inertial Reference Unit MOT Ministry of Transport MSSR Mono-pulse Secondary Surveillance Radar NDB Non Directional Beacon NZDF New Zealand Defence Force OCA Oceanic Control Area PBN Performance Based Navigation PSR Primary Surveillance Radar RAIM Receiver Autonomous Integrity Monitoring RCP Required Communication Performance RSP Required Surveillance Performance

  • New Zealand PBN Implementation Plan

    Version 1 - 16 December 2009 CAA & MoT NZ 2

    RNAV Area Navigation RNP Required Navigation Performance RNP AR Required Navigation Performance Authorisation Required SID Standard Instrument Departure STAR Standard Instrument Arrival TMA Terminal CTA VOR VHF Omni-directional Radio-range WAM Wide Area Multilateration

  • New Zealand PBN Implementation Plan

    Version 1 - 16 December 2009 CAA & MoT NZ 3

    Executive Summary The implementation of Performance Based Navigation (PBN) in New Zealand controlled airspace will be delivered in three major phases with target implementation dates of 2012, 2017 and 2020.

    Each phase will enable progressively greater dependence on PBN (concepts and enablers) and ensure that the corresponding improvements to safety, efficiency and environmental impact are delivered to industry stakeholders.

    The implementation of PBN in New Zealand controlled airspace will require the allocation of significant resources by each of the key industry stakeholders and the Civil Aviation Authority (CAA). This investment is considered essential to securing the benefits for New Zealand at the earliest opportunity. The benefits include:

    • Safety improvements through greater adherence to a safe flight trajectory (e.g. use of Continuous Descent Operations (CDO) which is a key component of the ICAO strategy to address Controlled Flight into Terrain (CFIT) accidents).

    • Efficiency improvements through changes to air route and approach procedure designs that minimise the air miles flown and enhance schedule reliability, provide greater conformance to the flight plan and reduce enroute traffic delays, which will collectively reduce total operating costs and improve on-time performance.

    • Improved environmental performance through greater use of uninterrupted climb and descent trajectories which ensure that both Green House Gas (GHG) emissions and the noise footprint for aviation are minimised.

    The key roles for stakeholders are:

    CAA / MOT – Ensure that the relevant Safety Cases, CAA processes, Civil Aviation Rules and guidance material enable a safe and efficient PBN environment that aligns with both international and regional standards.

    Aircraft Operators – Ensure that investment in aircraft fleet capability is aligned with both the performance specifications outlined in this plan and the timeframe associated with each phase.

    Airways NZ – Ensure that the national infrastructure (CNS/ ATM capability) will support the airspace concepts and the performance specifications associated with each phase of PBN implementation.

    Aerodrome Operators – Ensure the supporting aerodrome infrastructure for PBN operations is coordinated with aircraft operators and Airways NZ.

    All Stakeholders ensure that sufficient trained and qualified personnel are available to support the implementation of PBN.

  • New Zealand PBN Implementation Plan

    Version 1 - 16 December 2009 CAA & MoT NZ 4

    Introduction ICAO Assembly Resolution A36-23 urged each member State to develop a national PBN implementation plan by the end of 2009, and for these plans to include Approach Procedures with Vertical guidance (APV) for all instrument runway ends, either as the primary approach or as a back-up for precision approaches, by 2016. In New Zealand, implementation of RNAV, RNP and APV procedures is now well advanced. The Ministry of Transport and Civil Aviation Authority, together with Airways NZ and with the support from principle aviation industry stakeholders and interest groups have agreed that a State PBN Implementation Plan is needed to ensure that all sections of the industry are consulted and engaged appropriately in the change process.

    The PBN Implementation Plan for New Zealand meets the intent of ICAO Assembly Resolution A36-23 and addresses the particular needs of the New Zealand aviation environment. The draft plan outlines how the ICAO PBN concept will be implemented in New Zealand to deliver improvements to: aviation safety, airspace access, capacity, predictability, operational efficiency and to minimise adverse environmental impacts from aviation activity. This plan is not binding and will be subject to change as PBN developments and user requirements evolve.

    Other State PBN Implementation Plans or “Roadmaps” can be viewed on the PBN web site ( www.icao.int/pbn ), Documentation link.

    Both the ICAO Global and Regional PBN implementation plans provide a framework for the development of a National PBN Implementation Plan to enable a coordinated and cohesive global implementation programme for the aviation industry. This plan will enable the use of RNAV and RNP capabilities that will, when harmonised with ATM systems, deliver more efficient routes and predictability of service for the air transport industry, together with greater access to limited airspace resources for general and sport aviation. A PBN environment will deliver significant safety, economic and environmental benefits to all stakeholders. This is especially important as New Zealand and the rest of the world faces challenges f

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