kadiri city plan for faecal sludge & septage management (fssm) 2019-03-11آ  challenges in faecal...

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  • 1 | P a g e

    ODF TO ODF+: TOWARDS COMPLETE SANITATION

    Kadiri City Plan for Faecal

    Sludge & Septage

    Management (FSSM) Implementation of GO 134

    AUG 2018

    This document is developed with the aim to bring sanitation improvements in the city with specific focus on

    FSSM and is meant to integrate with the existing City Sanitation Plan developed in 2016. It is prepared with

    support from Administrative Staff College of India (ASCI) led consortium of Ernst & Young (E&Y) and

    University of Chicago (UChicago), the technical support unit on FSSM to Swachh Andhra Corporation,

    Government of Andhra Pradesh.

  • 2 | P a g e

    PREFACE The National Urban sanitation Policy launched during 2008 envisages that all Indian cities become

    totally sanitized, healthy and livable and ensure and sustain good public health and environmental

    outcomes for all their citizens with a special focus on hygienic and affordable sanitation facilities for

    the urban poor and women.

    The overall goal of National policy is to transform Urban India into community-driven, totally

    sanitized, healthy and livable cities and city specific goals include:

    Awareness Generation and Behaviour Change,

    Open Defecation Free Cities,

    Integrated City-Wide Sanitation,

    Sanitary and Safe Disposal, and

    Proper Operation & Maintenance of all Sanitary Installations.

    Against this background, and in recognition of its importance to national and state development, the

    Integrated City-Wide Sanitation Plan for the City is prepared in 2016 to provide city-wide systematic

    approach and framework to achieve the goals contemplated under NUSP. However, the city does

    not comprehensively incorporate a strategic action plan in their City Sanitation Plan to address key

    challenges in Faecal Sludge Management (FSM) value chain and devise solutions.

    The National policy on Faecal Sludge and Septage Management (February 2017) envisages that every

    Urban Local Body should take effective measures for managing the Faecal Sludge generated in the

    city. In line with the National Policy the state Government of Andhra Pradesh released the “Faecal

    Sludge and Septage Management Policy” together with Operative Guidelines for Urban Local Bodies

    in Andhra Pradesh (G.O.Ms.No.134 dated 31/03/2017) with a vision to sustain ODF and achieve ODF

    Plus i.e. total sanitation. The state policy is prepared with support from Administrative Staff College

    of India (ASCI) led consortium of Ernst & Young (E&Y) and University of Chicago, the technical

    support unit on FSSM to the Government of Andhra Pradesh. The consortium is also proving support

    to the state government in operationalising the GO 134. This document identifies the existing gaps in

    FSM value chain for the city and provides for gender inclusive interventions ensuring that women,

    urban poor, and vulnerable groups and communities have an equal role in the design, management

    and monitoring of the FSM ecosystem.

    This document, meant as an addition to the existing City Sanitation Plan, highlights the current

    sanitation situation in the city across FSM Value Chain. It also details recommendations /near to long

    term action plans through the following sections:

    A. FSSM Situation Analysis

    B. Shit Flow Diagrams

    C. Step by Step Approach for Operationalizing Faecal Sludge and Septage Management

    D. Being Gender Inclusive and Sensitive

    E. Strategic Behavioural Change Communication (SBCC)

    F. Non-Sewered Sanitation (NSS) Cell

    G. Action Plan and Financial Investment Plan

  • 3 | P a g e

    A. FSSM Situation Analysis: Kadiri is a grade – II municipality in Anantapur District of Andhra Pradesh with a population of 89,429

    as per 2011 Census. Kadiri is an important Pilgrim place of Sri Lakshmi Narasimha Swamy Temple

    and thousands of Pilgrims attending for darsanam of Sri Lakshmi Narasimha Swamy being powerful

    deity. The World biggest Banyan Tree “Thimmamma Marrimanu” is nearer to the Kadiri at about

    27Kms far.

    The table below shows FSM specific data for the ULB has been extracted from the city’s CSP, Census

    2011; data collected by the ASCI led consortium and the latest information available on the Swachh

    Andhra Corporation website as of end of July 2018.

    S.No Parameter Data

    1 Name of the ULB Kadiri

    2 Population as per Census 20111 89429

    3 Annual Population Growth Rate (percentage) 1.61

    4 No of House Holds 21009

    5 Avg. Size of House Hold 4.3

    6 IHHT coverage for HHs as per census 2011 15457

    7 No. of ODF vulnerable points 22

    9 No of HHs dependent on CTs 92

    10 No of Men Dependent on CTs Data Not Available

    11 No of Women Dependent on CTs Data Not Available

    12 No of CT Units Available 3

    13 Total No of Seats in CTs 10

    15 No of Men Seats in CTs 07

    16 No of Women Seats in CTs 03

    17 Floating Population Data Not Available

    18 No of PT Units Available 4

    19 Total No of Seats in PTs 30

    20 No of Men Seats Available in PTs 19

    21 No of Women Seats Available in PTs 11

    22 No of Municipal Schools 33

    23 No of SBM IHHTs constructed Since 2014 1135

    24 No of ULB Operated Desludging Trucks 0

    25 No of Privately Operated Desludging Trucks 0

    26 Average Price Charged for Desludging Rs. 3200

    27 Sludge Generated in KLD (@230 lpcy, CPHEEO Manual) 56.4

    28 No. of Insanitary Toilets 1546

    1 Taking outgrown area also into consideration.

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    A1-Containment:

    Individual House Hold Toilets: The coverage

    of individual household toilets in the ULB as

    per Census, 2011 was 73% percent. However,

    since the inception of Swachh Bharat Mission

    (SBM), which was launched on 02nd of

    October 2014, Govt. of Andhra Pradesh’s

    rapid and tireless efforts to eliminate open

    defecation in urban areas across the state

    resulted in construction of 1135 number of

    individual household Toilets out of 1323

    eligible SBM applications in the city thereby

    increasing the IHHT coverage.

    Community Toilets (CT): Most of the

    households without individual toilets depend

    on the existing 3 number of community toilets

    in the city. These community toilets have a

    total number of 10 seats, with 7 seats for men

    and 3 seats for women. At the same time,

    these toilets will be retrofitted/provided with,

    in case not available, gender segregated

    entrance, hand wash stations, universal

    access toilets, railing and ramp etc as per the

    standards mandated by Swachh Andhra

    Corporation (SAC). Additional requirement for

    community toilets shall be estimated as per

    standard norm of having one seat for 35 men

    and one seat for 25 women. The operation

    and maintenance (O&M) of all the community

    toilets will be either outsourced to private

    organization or will be undertaken by ULB. In

    either case, these community toilets will be

    supervised by the ULB so that the service level

    standards will be strictly adhered to.

    Public Toilets (PT): Currently, there are 4

    public toilets in the city to cater to the floating

    population. Currently, these Public toilets

    have total number of 30 seats, with 19 seats

    for men and 11 seats for women. At the same

    time all of these toilets will be

    retrofitted/provided with, in case not

    available, gender segregated entrance, hand

    wash stations, universal access toilets, railing

    and ramp, etc as per the standards developed

    by ASCI led consortium and mandated by SAC.

    Additional requirement for public toilets shall

    be estimated as per standard norm of having

    one seat for 250 men and one seat for 200

    women. The operation and maintenance of all

    the public toilets will be outsourced to private

    organizations on pay-and-use model. ULB will

    supervise the O&M of all the public toilets and

    ensure that feedback machines, Menstrual

    Hygiene Management facilities, presence of

    care taker, and all other service level

    standards will be strictly adhered to.

    School Toilets: All the 33 municipal school’s

    toilets will be retrofitted / provided with, in

    case not available, hand wash stations,

    universal access toilets, gender segregated

    entrance, railing and ramp etc as per the

    standards shared by SAC. ULB will ensure that

    toilets are designed for children with special

    needs and facilities at school toilets such as

    water facility, soap availability, Menstrual

    Hygiene Management, safe disposal of liquid

    and solid waste, etc are being maintained.

    ULB will follow the norms for school toilet

    design, construction and maintenance

    according to MHRD guidelines.2

    Open Defecation & Open Urination: Despite

    high coverage of individual toilets, CTs and

    PTs after implementa

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