promising initiatives for improved faecal sludge initiatives for improved faecal sludge management...

Download Promising Initiatives for improved Faecal Sludge Initiatives for improved Faecal Sludge Management ... FSM requires approaches adapted to the financial, ... Microsoft PowerPoint

Post on 10-Mar-2018

215 views

Category:

Documents

3 download

Embed Size (px)

TRANSCRIPT

  • Eawag: Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology

    Promising Initiatives for improved Faecal Sludge Management

    SandecWater and Sanitation in Developing Countries

    Michael Steiner, Sandec Symposium / Workshop 9-12 May 2006

    Dakar, Senegal

  • 09/08/2006 2

    Excreta Storage

    Excreta Transport and Treatment

    Safe Use of Biosolids in Agriculture

    The Challenges

    Challenges

    Innovations

    Conclusion

    Outlook

    SandecWater and Sanitation in Developing Countries

    Finding solutions on all levels of the FSM cycle

    technical

    financial

    socio-economic

    institutional

  • 09/08/2006 3

    The Challenges

    In particular, you should highlight successful institutional and technical arrangements to ensure that privately collected sludge is delivered to a suitable treatment or disposal site, and the overall system planning required to make this practicable.

    En particulier, il faudrait mettre en vidence des arrangements institutionnels et techniques russis qui assurent que les vidangeurs privs acheminent les boues collectes vers une station de traitement approprie ou une dcharge. Dmontrer galement le processus de planification ncessaire pour aboutir cela.

    (Pete Kolsky, World Bank)

    Challenges

    Innovations

    Conclusion

    Outlook

    SandecWater and Sanitationin Developing Countries

  • 09/08/2006 4

    Promising Innovations

    The private sector collects and treats the FS(The case of GIE* Sema Saniya in Bamako, Mali)

    Construction of an FS treatment plant by a GIE already in charge of FS collection

    Financing foreseen through the sale of biosolids to farmer and by disposal fees from other enterprises

    * Kind of local NGO (French: Groupement dIntrt Economique)

    Challenges

    Innovations

    Conclusion

    Outlook

    SandecWater and Sanitation in Developing Countries

  • 09/08/2006 5

    Initiative of the Private Sector in Bamako

    Financing option:Challenges

    Innovations

    Conclusion

    Outlook

    GIE SemaSaniya

    Sale ofbiosolids

    Disposal fees for the otheremptying operators

    Emptying

    SandecWater and Sanitation in Developing Countries

  • 09/08/2006 6

    Initiative of the Private Sector in Bamako

    - The faecal sludge of GIE reach the treatmentplant thanks to the interest of the emptiers

    - Reuse of the residual product (biosolids)

    - Close economic and service relationship between client and enterprise

    -

    Challenges

    Innovations

    Conclusion

    Outlook

    SandecWater and Sanitation in Developing Countries

    - High financial risk for GIE- Third-party emptying companies do not deliver

    the FS at the treatment plant for reasons ofadditional costs and long distance

    - Existence of a market for the sale of the residual product is compulsory

    -

  • 09/08/2006 7

    Municipality Involved in Kumasi (Ghana)

    The municipality of Kumasi is in charge of the FS treatment plants

    The municipality issues licenses allowing private emptying companies to carry out the work

    In the event of indiscriminate FS dumping, the emptying company risks to lose its license

    Challenges

    Innovations

    Conclusion

    Outlook

    SandecWater and Sanitation in Developing Countries

  • 09/08/2006 8

    Municipality Involved in Kumasi (Ghana)

    Challenges

    Innovations

    Conclusion

    Outlook

    SandecWater and Sanitation in Developing Countries

    Municipality

    Private companies and municipality

    Lice

    nse

  • 09/08/2006 9

    Municipality Involved in Kumasi (Ghana)

    - The municipality is highly involved in faecal sludge management (including treatment)

    - Indiscriminate dumping of FS is sanctioned (license withdrawn)

    -

    Challenges

    Innovations

    Conclusion

    Outlook

    SandecWater and Sanitation in Developing Countries

    - Requires a strong municipality to control and enforce FSM

    - The emptying companies have to pay the treatment plant for FS delivery(may lead to indiscriminate dumping)

    -

  • 09/08/2006 10

    Reversed Money Flux in Ouagadougou (Burkina Faso)

    Challenges

    Innovations

    Conclusion

    Outlook

    SandecWater and Sanitation in Developing Countries

    Strategic plan:

    Treatment of wastewater and faecal sludge on the same site is managed by the municipality

    It is planned that the emptying companies are reimbursedfor delivering the faecal sludge at the treatment plant

    The operating costs of the treatment plant are financed by the drinking and wastewater fees and by the connection charges to the sewerage system

  • 09/08/2006 11

    Reversed Money Flux in Ouagadougou (Burkina Faso)

    Challenges

    Innovations

    Conclusion

    Outlook

    SandecWater and Sanitation in Developing Countries

    - Financing ensured through the sanitation tax

    - The emptiers are encouraged to deliver the FS at the plant

    -

    - Requires a strong municipality to control and enforce FSM

    -

  • 09/08/2006 12

    Conclusion

    Challenges

    Innovations

    Conclusion

    Outlook

    SandecWater and Sanitation in Developing Countries

    Promising initiatives exist worldwide to improve faecal sludge management.

    The innovations are multi-faceted and based on financial, institutional, technical, and socio-economic tools.

    There is no universal remedy ! Since each situation is case-specific, integrated solutions adapted to the local conditions are required.

  • 09/08/2006 13

    Outlook

    Challenges

    Innovations

    Conclusion

    Outlook

    SandecWater and Sanitation in Developing Countries

    FSM requires approaches adapted to the financial, institutional,

    technical and soci-economic context.

    Financial

    Sanitation tax Charges Reimbursing the emptiersat the treatment plant

    (Donor agencies)

    Institutional

    Inclusion of FS in sanitation projects

    Decentralisation Strengthening the

    municipality License for emptiers Sanitation laws

    Technical

    Separated treatment Co-treatment with

    wastewater or waste Production of biosolids New emptying technique(ex. Vacutug)

    Socio-economic

    Strengthening small enterprises Promoting the biosolids Incentives instead of bills

    Integrated FSM

Recommended

View more >