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  • Exchanges of Faecal Sludge Management Coalitions By WaterAid and Alliances

    Workshop Proceedings

    19 February 2017Le Royal Meridien, Chennai, India

  • WaterAid India, 2017Any part of this publication may be translated or reprinted for non-

    commercial purposes with due acknowledgement to WaterAid India.

    Any such use will need to be accompanied by the suggested citation text.

    All Photographs: WaterAid/ V R Raman

    Exchanges of Faecal Sludge Management Coalitions By WaterAid and Alliances

    Workshop Proceedings

    19 February 2017Le Royal Meridien, Chennai, India

  • BORDA Bremen Overseas Research and Development Association

    BUET Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology

    CEO ChiefExecutiveOfficer

    CSE Centre for Science and Environment

    DEWAT Decentralised Wastewater Treatment Systems

    DWASA Dhaka Water Supply and Sewerage Authority

    FSM Faecal Sludge Management

    iDE International Development Enterprises

    IRF Institutional and Regulatory Framework

    JMP Joint Monitoring Programme

    MDG Millennium Development Goals

    NFSSM National Faecal Sludge and Septage Management

    NGO Non-governmental Organisation

    NIUA NationalInstituteofUrbanAffairs

    ODF Open Defecation Free

    PSU Programme Support Unit

    SBM Swachh Bharat Mission

    SCBP Sanitation Capacity Building Platform

    SDG Sustainable Development Goal

    SFD Shit Flow Diagram

    SuSanA Sustainable Sanitation Alliance

    ULBs Urban Local Bodies

    WASH Water Sanitation and Hygiene

    WHO World Health Organisation

    Acronyms

  • WaterAid India acknowledges support from Programme Support Unit (PSU),

    WaterAid UK for organising the workshop. We also extend our sincere thanks to

    Bremen Overseas Research and Development Association (BORDA), Centre for

    Science and Environment (CSE), International Development Enterprises (iDE),

    Emory University, National Faecal Sludge and Septage Management (NFSSM)

    Alliance, India and Faecal Sludge Management (FSM) Network, Bangladesh for

    their valuable contributions. We would also like to thank Sakshi Gudwani from

    Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation and Depinder Kapur from National Institute of

    UrbanAffairs(NIUA)fortheirwholeheartedsupportinthisendeavor

    Acknowledgement

  • 16:00 - 16:05 Welcome Address by Session Chair

    16:05 - 16:20 FSM Status of Bangladesh and the Way Forward

    Speaker: Dr Md Mujibur Rahman, Professor, Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology (BUET)

    16:20 - 16:35 FSM Status of India and the Way Forward

    Speaker: Arumugham Kalimuthu, Programme Director, Swachh Bharat Mission (Urban), Technical Assistance Programme, WASH Institute, and Convener, National Faecal Sludge and Septage Management (NFSSM) Alliance, India

    16:35 - 16:50 Sanitation Capacity Building Platform

    Speaker: Depinder Kapur, National Institute of Urban Affairs (NIUA), India

    16:50 - 16:55 Concluding remarks by the Session Chair and Moderator

    16:55 - 17:00 Break

    17:00 - 17:05 Welcome Address by Session Chair

    17:05 - 17:20 The Chronicle of Faecal Sludge Management

    Speaker: Dr Abdullah Al-Muyeed, Programme Support Unit (PSU), WaterAid UK

    17:20 - 17:35 FSM in Africa: A Journey

    Speaker: Jutta Camargo, Regional Coordinator, Bremen Overseas Research and Development Association (BORDA), Africa

    17:35 - 17:50 Shit Flow Diagram: An Integral Part of City Wide Sanitation

    Speaker: Bhitush Luthra, Deputy Programme Manager, Water Programme, Centre for Science and Environment (CSE), India

    17:50 - 17:55 Concluding remarks by the Session Chair and Moderator

    17:55 - 18:00 Break

    Session I Innovations and Faecal Sludge Management (FSM)

    Session Chair and Moderator: Sakshi Gudwani, Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation

    Session II FSM and a City Wide Approach

    Session Chair and Moderator: Dr M Habibur Rahman, Chairman, Dhaka Water Supply and Sewerage Authority (DWASA), Bangladesh

    ActivityTime

    Workshop Agenda

  • Hasin Jahan Country Director, Practical Action Bangladesh

    FSM Network Bangladesh: Nexus efforts paving the roadmap towards achieving SDG

    Rajeev MunankamiSenior Advisor and Team Leader, FSM Programme, SNV Netherlands Development Organisation, Bangladesh

    Policy-Advocacy Integration: Experiences of the 1st FSM Convention of Bangladesh

    Jutta CamargoRegional Coordinator, BORDA, Africa

    Tracking FSM experiences of Africa

    Avinash KumarDirector, Programmes and Policy, WaterAid India

    How FSM is critical for everyone everywhere: Reaching the poor first

    Aftab OpelHead of Programmes, WaterAid Bangladesh

    FSM - Business or Subsidy!

    Alicia MayInnovation Advisor, iDE (International Development Enterprises)

    Exploring FSM commercialisation: The Cambodia experience

    Dr Christine MoeProfessor, Emory University

    FSM: Consequences for public health

    Panel Discussion18:00 - 19:15

    The Roadmap of FSM: Where are we?

    Moderator: Dr Suresh Kumar Rohilla, Programme Director, Centre for Science and Environment (CSE), India

    Vote of thanks and concluding remarks by Dr Suresh Kumar Rohilla, Programme Director, Centre for Science and Environment (CSE), India

  • 9 About FSMCoalitions

    There are still 2.5 billion people in the world who lack access to improved sanitation and around one billion people who still defecate in the open. The number of deaths that can be attributed to sanitation-related diseases is still hovering around two million per year, of which children below five years are the most affected group. The Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) on sustainable water and sanitation management (SDG 6) aims at closing this gap by 2030. It is part of the new Common Development Agenda adopted in 2015, which now applies to all countries and brings together environmental, social, as well as economic goals. The new sanitation goal expands the focus of the earlier set Millennium Development Goals (MDG) and addresses sanitation beyond toilets, including aspects of excreta management and reuse. Since sanitation is a key component of sustainable development, the sanitation goal has strong interlinkages to all other SDGs. Therefore, the realisation of the sanitation goal represents a crucial contribution to much of the 2030 agenda.

    Worldwide, 2.7 billion people rely on on-site

    sanitation. Yet, there is still no management

    system in place to deal with the resulting faecal

    sludge (e.g. septage and pit latrine sludge). The

    result is that the waste typically ends up being

    dumped directly into the urban environment,

    withsignificanthealthandenvironmental

    implications. Creating the infrastructure for faecal

    sludge management (FSM) and public services

    that work for everyone, and keeping faecal sludge

    out of the environment is a major challenge in

    achieving access to universal sanitation. The

    Sustainable Sanitation Alliance (SuSanA) is an

    established international alliance unifying a wide

    range of members working towards achieving

    sustainable sanitation systems promoting

    health,effectivehygieneandimplementation

    of appropriate technical solutions, which are

    bothfinanciallyandeconomicallyviable,while

    being socially acceptable and institutionally

  • 10

    appropriate. These achievements should provide

    adequate sanitation and protect the environment

    and natural resources. WaterAid is one of the

    core group members of SuSanA. Such alliances

    provide an opportunity to build a strong network

    for knowledge management, discussion,

    collaboration and for establishing regional

    nodes on appropriate needs focusing on regional

    contexts. With an aim to share and brainstorm

    on potential solutions, to formulate policy

    recommendations that promote best practices and

    to identify the lessons learned in ways to make

    FSM an integral part of sanitation service delivery,

    the 4th International Faecal Sludge Management

    Conference (FSM4) was organised in Chennai,

    India from 19-23 February 2017. FSM4 created

    an opportunity to bring together professionals

    working in the sector, including utilities, service

    providers, city and government representatives,

    academics, scientists, consultants, sponsors

    and industries, to support the global initiative

    of disseminating sustainable solutions for

    FSM. WaterAid India took the opportunity

    to strengthen cross-learning and sharing

    between different countries in Asia and Africa

    by organising a workshop titled, Exchanges

    of Faecal Sludge Management Coalitions on

    19 February 2017. In this workshop, WaterAid

    and Alliances exchanged their insights on FSM to

    learn and share current practices, problems, and

    new ideas and innovations being practised across

    the world. The workshop provided a platform to

    discuss what coalitions and alliances are doing

    for FSM, the challenges they face and the action

    plan to address these challenges. This should

    pave the way for further collaboration amongst

    countries and continents and enhance knowledge

    of FSM.

  • 11

    Exchanges of FSM Coalitions

    The workshop was convened by WaterAid and co-convened by the Centre for Science and Environment (CSE), India; National Faecal Sludge and Septage Management (NFSSM) Alliance, India; FSM Network, Ba

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