Formal Learning in Virtual Worlds: Affordances of virtual worlds to educators April 7, 2010 Ann Louie Lomboy.

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<ul><li> Slide 1 </li> <li> Formal Learning in Virtual Worlds: Affordances of virtual worlds to educators April 7, 2010 Ann Louie Lomboy </li> <li> Slide 2 </li> <li> REFLECTIONS Applying what we know now Introduction to Virtual Worlds Affordances of Virtual Worlds for Learning User created content Design of Virtual Worlds Research in Virtual Worlds Identity and Body Image in Virtual Worlds Culture and Communities in Virtual Worlds Embodiment and Embodied Cognition in Virtual Worlds </li> <li> Slide 3 </li> <li> Applying Beals and Bers Purpose provide an educational environment addressing the video game generation Communication online chat with students and teachers internationally Participation classroom, after-school Play quests, missions, units || time travel Artifacts avatar, online portfolio and homepages Rules structured environments || avatars, notebook </li> <li> Slide 4 </li> <li> QUEST ATLANTIS What does it mean to know, and how do educators best support learning? </li> <li> Slide 5 </li> <li> QUEST ATLANTIS For more videos: http://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=quest+atlantis&amp;aq=f </li> <li> Slide 6 </li> <li> Background Original funding from NASA and the National Science Foundation 3D Multi-user virtual environment, immersing students, ages 9-16 More than 44,000 children on six continents Demonstration of learning gains in science, language arts, and social studies Quests, chats, weblogs, novels, comic books Professional development Family quests </li> <li> Slide 7 </li> <li> Background (contd) Quests are associated with the McREL Content Knowledge standards for education. Some cases are specific state standards such as those for New Jersey and north Carolina. Implemented in after-school as well and in the Boys &amp; Girls Club. QA is supported by NSF, MacArthur Foundation, NASA and Food Lion. Teachers supported through these grants have access at a highly subsidized rate. NJ and NC receive services free of charge. </li> <li> Slide 8 </li> <li> Educators Parents ResearchersQuesters 3D Interface of Quest Atlantis Quest Atlantis Website </li> <li> Slide 9 </li> <li> Compassionate Wisdom Be Kind Creative Expression I Create Environmental Awareness Think Globally, Act Locally Personal Agency I Have Voice Healthy Communities Live, Love, Grow Social Responsibility We Can Make a Difference Diversity Affirmation Everyone Matters </li> <li> Slide 10 </li> <li> Taiga National Park Taiga is a national park in which the fish population has been declining. The park is populated by several groups of people who use and/or depend upon the river in some capacity. In an attempt to find solutions to the problem, Ranger Bartle has asked your students to take on the role of a Field Investigator, tasking them with gathering data, analyzing that data, and proposing solutions to the problem. Students will first meet with Abby, who will talk about water quality indicators as she works with her fish tanks in Cinder Creek. After this initial lesson, students will travel to Taiga to apply their new knowledge to the complex problem facing Ranger Bartle They will interview stakeholders in the park, examine water quality in different areas of the park, and develop a hypothesis about the cause of the fish decline. Traveling to the future to see the impact of that decision, Questers can reflect upon and re evaluate their initial hypothesis and develop a new plan that might better balance the needs of the environment and the stakeholders. </li> <li> Slide 11 </li> <li> VOICES "I really like that this is 3D and you wander around and do real stuff. I also think it is cool that all these people are real and actually living in Africa right now, talking about these issues." Jody 5th Grade Student "When asked if this was more like a game or more like school, one girl responded: "This is more like a game than school." When asked if she plays video games, No, I think video games rot your mind! This is different. This is fun because it teaches you something." Lisa 7th Grade Student "I like using Quest Atlantis because I get the chance to explore lots of different worlds." Maurice 4th Grade Student </li> <li> Slide 12 </li> <li> RIVER CITY Interactive computer simulation for middle grades science students to learn about scientific inquiry and 21 st century skills. </li> <li> Slide 13 </li> <li> RIVER CITY For more videos: http://muve.gse.harvard.edu/rivercityproject/view/rc_videos.html </li> <li> Slide 14 </li> <li> Background Original funding the National Science Foundation for an interactive computer simulation for middle grade science students to learn about scientific inquiry. ActiveWorlds, Inc. vendor who developed the virtual world platform for middle grades (6-9). Students travel back in time to the 19 th century to understand why residents are becoming ill. Access to the simulation, curricular materials, professional development and just-in-time assistance are free of charge to schools. </li> <li> Slide 15 </li> <li> Background (contd) Meets the National Science Education Standards in five out of seven contents. 17 hour, time-on-task curriculum that includes a pretest and a research conference at the end of the unit. River City provides support to the students as they: Learn the principles and concepts of science Acquire the reasoning and procedural skills of scientists Devise and carry out investigations that test their ideas Understand why investigations are uniquely powerful </li> <li> Slide 16 </li> <li> City Blog Birds Eye View River City </li> <li> Slide 17 </li> <li> Kents Interest In River City, students interact with Kent Brock, an investigative reporter for The River City Telegraph, a newspaper. Together they work together to uncover the increasing sickness in River City. Kents interest is to find out more about the students ability to provide: Explanation accuracy Interpretation meaningfulness Application effectiveness Perspective looking for critical awareness and credibility Empathy looking for sensitivity, be understanding of Self-Knowledge looking for self-awareness; what he or she knows they know and dont know. In addition, students are to independently write an evidence- based scientific report to the Mayor of River City of their findings that will include explanations of why so many residents are ill and recommendations of how to alleviate the problem by drawing on their River City expereinces. </li> <li> Slide 18 </li> <li> Understanding QA Socially responsive type of design work that involves building sociotechnical structures that are explicitly designed in collabroation with, and toward the continual growth of, individuals and those communities in which they are nested. Triadic foundation design work that forges the intersection of education (designing for understanding a) experiential learning b) inquiry- based learning and c) portfolio assessment)), entertainment (engagement), social commitments (change). </li> <li> Slide 19 </li> <li> Understanding QA (contd) Metagame refers to a genre of play in which there is an overall structure that lends form, meaning and cohesion to collection of nested activities or games, all of which have their own identifiable rules and challenges. Flexible adaptive design processes that allow educational products to be designed in a way that strikes a balance between complete control by designers and easy reconfiguration by teachers and other stakeholders who will use the products. </li> <li> Slide 20 </li> <li> QA Characteristics 1.Advances a social commitment support children in developing their own sense of purpose as individuals, as members of their communities and as knowledgeable citizens of the world. 2.Connections to standards from its inception it has been grounded with academic standards. 3.Online metagame strategy establish a rich environment that sets up a meaningful context of participation. 4.3D technologies create an immersive experience and to support real- time collaborations, engaging children and teachers in use of advanced technologies in a manner that organizes educational content. 5.Engaging girls a population that too often has been ignored or overlooked in the design of computer-based environments. </li> <li> Slide 21 </li> <li> QA Characteristics (contd) 6. Flexibly adaptive curriculum supports local adaptation that allows each participating site to customize the experience in a way that meets its local needs 7.Multidisciplinary focus with QA being a metacontext that brings together content form multiple domains including science, math, reading, social studies, and language arts. 8.Builds connections with most of its quests requiring that participants leave the computer to gather real-world evidence, thus helping to establish connections among children, parents, schools, after-school centers, families and communities. </li> <li> Slide 22 </li> <li> Transformational Play To understand how individuals and environments develop, push on, and change one another through meaningful inquiry (Connell, 1996; Dewey, 1938; Dewey &amp; Bentley, 1960) Strategy for situating the learner and curricular content within a play context. Positions students as active protagonists who interact with game characters and virtual environments to identify and solve personally meaningful problems. Children are transformed into empowered scientists, doctors, reporters and mathematicians. </li> <li> Slide 23 </li> <li> Transformational Play (contd) Based on student knowledge, the game world is changed. As an example in a curriculum, children might decide to focus on erosion as the cause of water quality problem, thus remove loggers from the park. This changes the result of the storyline where it improves the river quality to some extent but leads to financial bankruptcy for the park. In design, it involves experientially situating students and concepts within a virtual world. </li> <li> Slide 24 </li> <li> Design Narratives (QA) Bind content with person by creating legitimate dilemmas that can only be resolved by accurately using disciplinary formalisms Bind person with context by positioning players as agents-of-change whose intentional actions have impact on the context and storyline Bind context with content by highlighting the consequentiality of ones actions through contexts that change in response to students decisions. </li> <li> Slide 25 </li> <li> REFLECTIONS Applying what we know now Introduction to Virtual Worlds Affordances of Virtual Worlds for Learning User created content Design of Virtual Worlds Research in Virtual Worlds Identity and Body Image in Virtual Worlds Culture and Communities in Virtual Worlds Embodiment and Embodied Cognition in Virtual Worlds </li> <li> Slide 26 </li> <li> Virtual Worlds in Education Transformational play is critical in the design Support from communities (parents, educators, organizations) Virtual world affordances impact the experience tremendously (interaction, learning, creativity, access) Appropriate training and parental involvement Enhance independent and collaborative cognitive development Learning by doing! </li> </ul>