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DESCRIPTIONSTEIMO, S.; THELEN, K.; LONGSTRETH, F. Historical institutionalism in comparative analysis. Cambridge University Press, 1992.
- 1.Structuring politicsThis volume brings together original essays by scholars working on a diverse range of empirical issues, but whose work is in each case informed by a "historical institutional" approach to the study of politics. By bringing these pieces together, the volume highlights the methodological and theoretical foundations of this approach and illustrates the general contributions it has made to comparative politics. The introductory essay identifies common analytic themes among these essays and within historical institutionalism generally. Institutions are defined, key precepts of historical institutionalism are explained, and the theoretical antecedents of this approach are identified. Historical institutionalism is contrasted both to earlier forms of institutional analysis and to rational choice analysis. The introductory essay also identifies key "frontier" issues, such as institutional dynamism and change, and the interaction of ideational innovation and institutional constraints. The essays demonstrate the potential of a historical institutional approach to illuminate a broad range of issues: How and why institutions change, how political ideas are filtered through institutional structures in the formation of specific policies, and how institutional structure can have unintended effects on the shaping of policy. Through these richly detailed pieces, the reader is provided not only a thorough understanding of the method of analysis but also an overview of its theoretical underpinnings.
2. CAMBRIDGE STUDIES IN COMPARATIVE POLITICS General editor PETER LANGEELLEN COMISSODuke UniversityAssociate editors University of California, San DiegoPETER HALL Harvard University JOEL MIGDAL University of Washington HELEN MILNER Columbia University SIDNEY TARROW Cornell UniversityThis series publishes comparative research that seeks to explain important, cross-national domestic political phenomena. Based on a broad conception of comparative politics, it hopes to promote critical dialogue among different approaches. While encouraging contributions from diverse theoretical perspectives, the series will particularly emphasize work on domestic institutions and work that examines the relative roles of historical structures and constraints, of individual or organizational choice, and of strategic interaction in explaining political actions and outcomes. This focus includes an interest in the mechanisms through which historical factors impinge on contemporary political choices and outcomes. Works on all parts of the world are welcomed, and priority will be given to studies that cross traditional area boundaries and that treat the United States in comparative perspective. Many of the books in the series are expected to be comparative, drawing on material from more than one national case, but studies devoted to single countries will also be considered, especially those that pose their problem and analysis in such a way that they make a direct contribution to comparative analysis and theory. OTHER BOOKS IN THE SERIESAllan Kornberg and Harold D. Clarke Citizens and Community: Political Support in a Representative Democracy David D. Laitin Language Repertoires and State Construction in Africa 3. Structuring politics Historical institutionalism in comparative analysisEdited by SVEN STEINMO University of Colorado at Boulder KATHLEEN THELEN Princeton University and FRANK LONGSTRETH University of BathCAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY PRESS 4. PUBLISHED BY THE PRESS SYNDICATE OF THE UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE The Pitt Building, Tmmpington Street, Cambridge CB2 1RP, United Kingdom CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY PRESS The Edinburgh Building, Cambridge CB2 2RU, UK http: //www.cup.cam.ac.uk 40 West 20th Street, New York, NY 10011-4211, USA http: //www.cup.org 10 Stamford Road, Oakleigh, Melbourne 3166, Australia Cambridge University Press 1992 This book is in copyright. Subject to statutory exception and to the provisions of relevant collective licensing agreements, no reproduction of any part may take place without the written permission of Cambridge University Press. First published 1992 Reprinted 1994, 1995, 1997, 1998 Typeset in Times A catalogue record for this book is available from the British Library Library of Congress Cataloguing-in-Publication Data is available ISBN 0-521-41780-5 hardback ISBN 0-521-42830-0 paperbackTransferred to digital printing 2002 5. To our children Siri and Ian, Andy, Kimber, Rachel, Matthew, Emma, and Helen 6. ContentsPreface List of contributors 1page ix xiHistorical institutionalism in comparative politics1KATHLEEN THELEN AND SVEN STEINMO2Labor-market institutions and working-class strength33BO ROTHSTEIN3The rules of the game: The logic of health policy-making in France, Switzerland, and Sweden57ELLEN M. IMMERGUT4The movement from Keynesianism to monetarism: Institutional analysis and British economic policy in the 1970s90PETER A. HALL5Political structure, state policy, and industrial change: Early railroad policy in the United States and Prussia114COLLEEN A. DUNLAVY6Institutions and political change: Working-class formation in England and the United States, 1820-1896155VICTORIA C. HATTAM7Ideas and the politics of bounded innovation188MARGARET WEIR8The establishment of work-welfare programs in the United States and Britain: Politics, ideas, and institutions217DESMOND S. KINGIndex251 7. PrefaceThis book grew out of a workshop held in Boulder, Colorado, in January 1990. The workshop brought together a group of scholars working on a diverse range of empirical issues, but whose work in each case was informed by a "historical institutional" approach. The purpose of the workshop was to highlight common analytic themes within historical institutionalism, to assess the contribution of this approach to comparative politics, and to identify research agendas for the future that can refine and develop it further. Our goal was to initiate a conversation among institutionalists working in different empirical fields on fundamental questions of how institutions develop and influence political outcomes. Thus, unlike similar enterprises of the past, this book is not organized around a common empirical focus.* By bringing together writings that apply institutional analysis to a variety of national contexts and policies we want to highlight the methodological and theoretical foundations of this approach and to focus attention on the general contributions it can make to comparative politics. The book makes no pretense to encompass all strains of thought within what is more broadly referred to as the "new institutionalism." For many, new institutionalism is associated with historical sociologists such as Theda Skocpol and political scientists with predominantly "qualitative" methodologies such as Peter Katzenstein and Peter Hall. But new institutionalism comes in a rational choice variant as well (see, e.g., Popkin, Bates, North, Levi, and Lange). The introductory chapter addresses some areas of overlap and differences between rational choice institutionalism and historical institutionalism, but the primary emphasis throughout the book is on historical institutionalism. We would like to thank all the participants in the Boulder workshop, and especially the senior participants, many of whom have provided continuing advice and guidance: Christopher Allen, Douglas Ashford, Richard Coughlin, Peter Hall, *See, e.g., G. John Ikenberry, David A. Lake, and Michael Mastanduno, eds., The State and American Foreign Policy (Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 1988). 8. xPrefacePeter Katzenstein, Peter Lange, and Theda Skocpol. For useful comments on the introductory chapter, we thank Barry Ames, Douglas Ashford, Nancy Bermeo, Henry Bienen, Frank Dobbin, David Finegold, Geoffrey Garrett, Peter Hall, John Ikenberry, Desmond King, Atul Kohli, Peter Lange, Charles Lockhart, Jonas Pontusson, Ben Schneider, David Soskice, and John Waterbury. We owe a special debt of gratitude to George Tsebelis; our discussions with him were very helpful in clarifying the differences between rational choice and historical institutionalism. We also extend special thanks to Emily Loose at Cambridge University Press. Kathleen Thelen wishes to acknowledge the support of the Wissenschaftszentrum fiir Sozialforschung in Berlin. Sven Steinmo thanks the Council for European Studies and the University of Colorado for sponsoring the Boulder workshop. 9. Contributorsisan Assistant Professor of History at the University of Wisconsin, Madison. She received a Ph.D. in political science from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1988. Her book, Politics and Industrialization: Early Railroads in the United States and Prussia, is being published by Princeton University Press. Professor Dunlavy's current research examines similarities and differences in the American and German patterns of industrialism in the late nineteenth century.C O L L E E N A. D U N L A V YPETER A. HALL is Professor of Government and a Senior Research Associate of the Center for European Studies at Harvard University. His publications include Governing the Economy: The Politics of State Intervention in Britain and France (Oxford University Press, 1986), The Political Power of Economic Ideas: Keynesianism across Nations (Princeton University Press, 1989), and Developments in French Politics (St. Martins, 1990). VICTORIAc. HATTAM isan Assistant Professor in the Department of PoliticalScience at Yale University. Her book, Labor Visions and State Power: The Origins of Business Unionism in the United States, is being published by Princeton University Press. Hattam was awarded the E. E. Schattschneider prize for the best dissertation in the field of American Government and Politics in 1989. She has published articles in Studies in American Political Development and Politics and Society. Hattam's next project focuses on the origins of the Republican Party in the mid-nineteenth century. is Ass