differences in culture: folk vs. popular ... differences in culture: folk culture examining behavior

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  • Differences in Culture: Folk Culture

  • Examining Behavior

    • Habit: An action one person does repeatedly (biting nails, reading the newspaper each day)

    • Custom: An action of a group done often enough that it becomes a characteristic of the group (clothing style choices)

    • Taboo: An act or behavior that is prohibited by social and religious norms

  • Defining Folk and Popular Culture

    • Folk Culture: Traditionally practiced by groups in homogeneous, rural, isolated areas.

    • Popular Culture: Found in large, heterogeneous societies that share certain habits even if there is much diversity.

  • Case Study: Nelson Mandela

    Nelson Mandela in traditional Xhosa Style clothing

    Nelson Mandela in modern business suit

  • Folk Culture Characteristics

    • Stable and close knit communities

    – Usually a rural community

    – Clustered in isolated areas

    • Allows for unique characteristics tied to physical landscape

    • Traditional controls

    – Resistant to change

    • Few changes over time

    – Culture spreads slowly via migration diffusion

  • Diffusion of Culture

    • Popular Culture: Hierarchical diffusion

    – Rapid diffusion through modern communication and transportation

    • Ex. Films or Internet

    • Folk Culture: Relocation diffusion

    – Slow diffusion through the actual movement of people

  • Human-Environment Interaction of Folk Cultures

    • Clothing is made from available materials to meet environmental needs

    • Diets based on available agriculture and social norms

    • Housing styles are initially a result of the natural world.

  • Case Study: Mongolia

    http://www.google.com/url?sa=i&source=images&cd=&cad=rja&docid=dwcz4qZaVNO3bM&tbnid=iXfEzg52lRzX0M:&ved=0CAgQjRwwADh1&url=http://www.mongolia-travel-and-tours.com/mongolia-nomadic-clothing.html&ei=C8VhUfKoO9H-qAGM5ICACA&psig=AFQjCNHAr8Ms4wss8TTmdI_w_OoDtTPdUw&ust=1365448332001474 http://www.google.com/url?sa=i&rct=j&q=mongolian+nomads&source=images&cd=&cad=rja&docid=9UmGCA5jMddN9M&tbnid=v2zj9ASvrgT3MM:&ved=0CAUQjRw&url=http://www.peregrineadventures.com/central-asia-north-asia/mongolia&ei=wsRhUfnrJ4OGrQHX8oBQ&bvm=bv.44770516,d.aWM&psig=AFQjCNEirAYDCCzLgnaOvW3rAAy8VTymWA&ust=1365448163975375 http://www.google.com/url?sa=i&source=images&cd=&cad=rja&docid=l7o9Em4G6PMtXM&tbnid=QVt3Uqxz1Z5O5M:&ved=0CAgQjRwwAA&url=http://www.volunteeringmongolia.org/Nomad-Homestay.php&ei=Q8VhUf37DY-vqQG4sYFg&psig=AFQjCNG9XHN4UDS_BXFHmGuULPn3PLa0ZQ&ust=1365448387267770 http://www.google.com/url?sa=i&source=images&cd=&cad=rja&docid=gf10gYcikJTjyM&tbnid=lxhRKZiP8aGuHM:&ved=0CAgQjRwwADgP&url=http://www.springbrook.com/Tibet-yak-pictures/Tibet-yak pictures.html&ei=TcVhUe64OYipqwGpq4HQCQ&psig=AFQjCNFeqfgoYqI_qN81uSQvNbz0ey0PlQ&ust=1365448397971405

  • Cultural Isolation

    • Spatial location makes contact with popular culture difficult

    – Located in high mountains, forests, deserts, or arctic regions

    – Prevents sharing of cultural traits

  • Folk Regions of North America

  • Case Study: Inuit

    http://www.google.com/url?sa=i&source=images&cd=&cad=rja&docid=ghH-yUqBPLAL6M&tbnid=IMXnZGKBUA70LM:&ved=0CAgQjRwwAA&url=http://eskimos.wikispaces.com/Land&ei=_sVhUeHzJsS_qgGDm4HwCQ&psig=AFQjCNGXRfAgtw_c2oprQpxAgdwA7nijRw&ust=1365448574683275 http://www.google.com/url?sa=i&source=images&cd=&cad=rja&docid=to_qJxhLoBPl8M&tbnid=G0i_WwK-fZzaMM:&ved=0CAgQjRwwAA&url=http://www.alaska-in-pictures.com/whale-hunt-umiak-5891-pictures.htm&ei=JsZhUfj0L4SiqQGboICIDw&psig=AFQjCNFCZxB5NFauj__Ol95ut3bjTX3O5Q&ust=1365448614826129 http://www.google.com/url?sa=i&source=images&cd=&cad=rja&docid=5KLM8Y4yfD_bXM&tbnid=9RR77dDYlw_ILM:&ved=0CAgQjRwwAA&url=http://www.rd.com/advice/travel/get-a-glimpse-of-eskimo-life-in-kotzebue-alaska/&ei=UsZhUZ6yEoncqgHK_4CQCA&psig=AFQjCNGo16nKmr4ShLo_2b2f0MjhcIqfpQ&ust=1365448658333823

  • Threats to Folk Culture • Loss of traditional values

    – Change in food, shelter, and clothing preferences because of exposure to popular culture

    • Changes in culture can lead to controversy, especially in very religious places.

    – Ex. State Religious Affairs Bureau Order 5

  • Case Study: United States