charter school funding in georgia
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DESCRIPTIONCharter School Funding in Georgia. 2010 Georgia Charter Schools Association Conference March 11-12, Marietta, Georgia Andrew W. Broy Associate State Superintendent Georgia Department of Education 404.651.8734. What do charter school founders think about?. Overview. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
Charter School Funding in Georgia2010 Georgia Charter Schools Association ConferenceMarch 11-12, Marietta, Georgia
Andrew W. BroyAssociate State SuperintendentGeorgia Department of Education404.651.8734What do charter school founders think about?
OverviewSchool Funding in GeorgiaCharter School FundingStatutory requirementsUnderstanding a schools fundingCommission school funding Example
Public School FundingFormula-DrivenFoundation FormulaGuarantee base level of funding for every student in StateBase amount is guaranteed without regard to local property wealth: Assessed valuation per pupil does not affect base amount
Public School Funding (cont)Foundation amount theoretically set at the minimum threshold to provide a basic educationFoundation amount is only starting pointMost districts have substantial local revenue to supplement this amountActual funding each district receives is a function of funding formula, local property valuation, and millage rate, among other thingsPublic School Funding (cont)Relative state and local contributions can vary dramaticallyAs a general rule, districts with high relative property wealth rely more heavily on local revenueConversely, districts with low relative property wealth rely more heavily on state revenue
Public School Funding (cont)Beware per pupil expenditure figuresAny number of factors can affect this calculation and figures vary greatly Among districts Among schools within districtsFacilities fundingFederal title funding
Public School Funding (cont)Funding itself is driven by:Number of students (FTE count)Characteristics of students (Special education populations; ESOL populations, Early Intervention Programs)Additional categorical weights (federal funding and otherwise)
Public School Funding (cont)Base Funding weight is typically a general education high school student (1.0 FTE)Other weights (Georgia as example)Primary grades (1.28)SPED Cat I (2.37) SPED Cat IV (5.73)Alternative education (1.59)ESOL (2.49)Kindergarten Early Intervention Program (2.02) Public School Funding (cont)Why not just apportion revenues equally by pupil throughout State?Theory that certain categories of students are more expensive to educateCreates wrong local incentives concerning millage rates and local tax policyPolitical difficulties (local control of local revenue)Cost of living differencesCharter School fundingWhat type of charter school?Locally approved?Start-up or conversion?Career academy?State chartered special?Commission charter school?
Charter School fundingCharter School funding requirement:The local board and the state board shall treat a start-up charter school no less favorably than other local schools within the applicable local system with respect to the provision of funds for instruction, school administration, transportation, food services and, where feasible, building programs.
O.C.G.A. Sec. 20-2-2068.1(a) Charter School fundingHow is charter funding determined?How much flexibility does a school have?How are funds currently allotted?Salaries, 70-75%Facilities costs, 10-15%Vendor contracts and supplies, 10-12%Charter School FundingPupil CountsFTE Count serves as basis for funding2 FTE countsFall count - First Tuesday in OctoberSpring count - First Thursday in MarchPupil count factors in previous 3 FTE Counts (note: weighted to prioritize most recent count)Floating averageImplication: Schools not just charter schools are behind
Pupil CountsCase studyCharter school in second year of operationSchool has 100 students in year one, 200 students in current yearFTE count will take into account 3 FTE counts (Fall 2007; Spring 2008; Fall 2008)100 + 100 + 200Particular issue with charter schools that add a grade
Determining fundingAllotment sheetType of schoolStart-up, conversion: federal, state, localState chartered special: federal, stateCommission: federal, state, local approximation (less 3% withhold on all funds except federal)
Determining funding general caseAllotment sheetCalculate state shareEarned by pupilAdd categorical programs (central admin, media center, etc.)If state chartered special school, stopDetermine what local share should beCompare districts state allotment to schools state allotmentCreate ratio
Determining funding general caseAllotment sheetUse that ratio to determine local shareExample:$1,000,000 in state funding$100,000,000 in district state fundingRatio: 1:100Total local property tax digest equals $75,000,000How much local funding due charter?
Determining funding specific caseAllotment sheetCalculate state shareSet aside by pupilAdd categorical programs (central admin, media center, etc.)Determine what local approximation should beTake average per pupil in local district and provide that to the school based on a pro rata share
System NoSystem NameFY 2009 Budgeted Local Revenue# of Enrolled Students - District# of Ivy Prep Students Enrolled by District# of Enrolled Students - District and Commission Charter SchoolAmount of Budgeted Local Revenue per Enrolled Student# of Ivy Prep Students enrolled by DistrictLocal Share by District631Clayton County Public Schools 155,270,000 49,508 3 49,511 3,136.07 3 9,408.00 633Cobb County Public Schools 497,551,332 106,747 3 106,750 4,660.90 3 13,983.00 644DeKalb County Public Schools 506,193,920 99,775 59 99,834 5,070.36 59 299,151.00 656Fayette County Public Schools 101,233,994 22,118 1 22,119 4,576.79 1 4,577.00 658Forsyth County Public Schools 143,427,450 32,374 3 32,377 4,429.92 3 13,290.00 660Fulton County Public Schools 549,807,162 88,299 10 88,309 6,225.95 10 62,259.00 667Gwinnett County Public Schools 619,495,103 157,219 216 157,435 3,934.93 216 849,944.00 710Paulding County Public Schools 79,676,028 27,908 1 27,909 2,854.85 1 2,855.00 722Rockdale County Public Schools 61,685,728 15,705 2 15,707 3,927.28 2 7,855.00 761Atlanta Public Schools 521,902,687 49,032 1 49,033 10,643.91 1 10,644.00 Total Annual Payment to Ivy Prep299 1,273,966.00 3% Admin Fee3% 38,219.00 Net Annual Payment to Ivy Prep 1,235,747.00 Ivy Prep bottom line2009 as State Chartered Special SchoolTotal students: 138Total funding: $435,694$3,157 per pupil2010 as Commission SchoolTotal students: 306Total funding: $2,224,871$7,270 per pupil.Gwinnet average: $7,997Questions?