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Chapter 11 Acquiring Brazilian Portuguese . Daniela Evaristo dos Santos Galea. Introduction. This chapter provides an overview of phonological development in Brazilian Portuguese Data from children in São Paulo, a city in the southeastern region of the country - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Chapter 11Acquiring Brazilian Portuguese

Daniela Evaristo dos Santos Galea 1NOVAComprehensive Perspectives on Child Speech Development and DisordersIntroductionThis chapter provides an overview of phonological development in Brazilian PortugueseData from children in So Paulo, a city in the southeastern region of the country Acquisition of Brazilian PortugueseSyllable and phoneme inventory of the languageChild dataAge of acquisition of individual phonemesAge of elimination of phonological processes

2NOVAComprehensive Perspectives on Child Speech Development and DisordersPortuguese Speakers Around the WorldPortuguese is a Romance languageSpoken in EuropePortugalSouth AmericaBrazilAfrica MozambiqueAngolaCape VerdeGuin-BissauSo Tom e Prncipe AsiaMacauEast Timor Goa 3NOVAComprehensive Perspectives on Child Speech Development and DisordersThe Phonology of Brazilian PortuguesePhoneme inventory (Bechara, 1998) ConsonantsOcclusivesStops /p, b, t, d, k, g/Nasals /m, n, /ConstrictivesFricatives /f, v, s, z, , /Laterals /l, /Flap // Trill // Considered a liquid by some authors, or a voiceless velar fricative /x/ by othersVowelsOral /a, e, i o, u, , /Nasal /a, e, , o, u/ 4NOVAComprehensive Perspectives on Child Speech Development and DisordersSyllable and word shapesV coreOptional C or CC onsetIf singleton C, 16 of the consonants can appear If CC, the first C must be /p, b, t, d, k, , v, f/ and the second C a liquidNot all of combinations are possible, e.g.,* /vr/ in word-initial position, */dl, vl/ in any positionOptional C coda If coda, must be /S, R, l, n/ (note: capital letters denote archiphonemes)Predominant syllable shape is CV

5NOVAComprehensive Perspectives on Child Speech Development and DisordersTypical Phonological DevelopmentUnderstanding the acquisition patterns of the sounds, syllable shapes, and word shapes of a language informs clinical decisions in diagnosis and treatmentResearch on typical development of Brazilian Portuguese has focused on children in the South and Southeast regions of Brazil6NOVAComprehensive Perspectives on Child Speech Development and DisordersThe Acquisition of Individual Speech SoundsNasals/m, n/ 1;6 and 1;8//slightly laterFricatives/f, v, s, z/ before age 2;0/, / around 2;10 and 2;6Laterals/l/ between 2;0 and 3;0 depending on sample and word positionPalatal lateral // 4;0 to 4;1Flap // 4;2 to 4;3Clusters/r/ clusters 3;7 to 5;0/l/ clusters 4;7 to 5;0

7NOVAComprehensive Perspectives on Child Speech Development and DisordersCross-sectional study of children age 2;0 to 3;0 (Galea, 2008)Each phoneme was analyzed based on % of children who produced the phoneme accurately75% up to 100%: acquired50% up to 75%: customary production?26% up to 50%: in acquisition0% up to 15%: not acquired

8NOVAComprehensive Perspectives on Child Speech Development and Disorders9Table 11.1 Phonemes and clusters in two groups (2:1 to 2:6 years and 2:7 to 3:0 years) as elicited in a picture naming task

NOVAComprehensive Perspectives on Child Speech Development and DisordersPhonological ProcessesYavas (1988)Southern Brazil4;6Cluster reductionDevoicing3;6Unstressed syllable deletion Final fricative deletionGliding Liquid substitution 3;0Intervocalic liquid deletionBacking 2;6Liquid onset deletion

10NOVAComprehensive Perspectives on Child Speech Development and Disorders11

Table 11.2 Description of phonological processes in children acquiring Brazilian PortugueseNOVAComprehensive Perspectives on Child Speech Development and Disorders12

Table 11.2 (contd)NOVAComprehensive Perspectives on Child Speech Development and Disorders13Table 11.2 (contd)

NOVAComprehensive Perspectives on Child Speech Development and DisordersConnectionsChapter 6: EnglishChapter 9: Common trends in many languagesChapter 10: FrenchChapter 12: Korean

14NOVAComprehensive Perspectives on Child Speech Development and DisordersConcluding RemarksWhen drawing conclusions about the acquisition of Brazilian Portuguese phonology, dialectal variations should be taken into accountIn general, children master the sound system by age 7The last phonological processes to be eliminated involve complex syllable shapes (e.g., CCV and CVC) and the presence of liquids

15NOVAComprehensive Perspectives on Child Speech Development and DisordersAge GroupPositionNot AcquiredIn AcquisitionCustomary ProductionAcquired

Group I (2;1 through 2;6)Initialpr, bl, br, s, x, Svt.p, b, k, g, d, f, m

Medials, zl, p, b, d

Final , xs, z, t, d, lp, k, , m, n,

Group 2 (2;7 through 3;0)Initialpr, br, Rs, x, Sv, gp, b, t, d, k, f, l, m

Medial, zs, p, b, d, l

Finalvr, , Rs, z, , , xp, d, t, k, g, f, l, m, n,