a multimodal of traditional wedding ceremony

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  • A MULTIMODAL OF TRADITIONAL WEDDING

    CEREMONY DYNAMICS OF DELI MALAY ETHNIC GROUP

    IN MEDAN

    DISERTASI

    Oleh

    RAHMAH

    NIM: 088107006/LNG

    Program Doktor (S3) Linguistik

    FAKULTAS ILMU BUDAYA

    UNIVERSITAS SUMATERA UTARA

    MEDAN

    2015

  • A MULTIMODAL OF TRADITIONAL WEDDING

    CEREMONY DYNAMICS OF DELI MALAY ETHNIC GROUP

    IN MEDAN

    DISERTASI

    Diajukan sebagai salah satu syarat untuk memperoleh gelar Doktor dalam

    Program Doktor Linguistik pada Program Pascasarjana Fakultas Ilmu

    Budaya Universitas Sumatera Utara di bawah pimpinan Pejabat Rektor

    Universitas Sumatera Utara Prof. Subhilhar, M.Sc.,Ph.D.

    Untuk dipertahankan dihadapan sidang Terbuka Senat

    Universitas Sumatera Utara

    Oleh

    RAHMAH

    NIM: 088107006/LNG

    Program Doktor (S3) Linguistik

    FAKULTAS ILMU BUDAYA

    UNIVERSITAS SUMATERA UTARA

    MEDAN

    2015

  • A MULTIMODAL OF TRADITIONAL WEDDING CEREMONY

    DYNAMICS OF DELI MALAY ETHNIC GROUP IN

    MEDAN

    ABSTRACT

    This research applied a multimodal analysis of a cultural discourse in order to

    find out the meaning created by verbal and visual components.The methodology

    was designed as a data-based, observational-based, and qualitative descriptive

    type of research. The data sources of this research were verbal and visual texts

    taken from thirteen procedures of Deli Malay Traditional Wedding Ceremony

    (DMTWC) and the results of the verbal analysis shows that there are clear

    correspondence with narrative structures in visual analysis. The dominant findings

    of ideational elements of language such as Material (process), Goal (participant)

    and Location of place (circumstance) are shown in the actions conducted by the

    participant in the visual elements, who or what is affected by the process and

    where the actions take place. The results are seen in the narrative structure of four

    images realized in non-projective transactional action and reaction realized into

    bidirectional realization and eleven images are showing projective processes

    realized by verbal processes. Concerning to the interpersonal meaning, the

    DMTWC offers information, the mood choices are mostly concerned with

    declaratives. This verbal findings are also affirmed by visual elements which

    show the represented participants do not create relationship with the viewer, since

    there is no eye contact established. As for social distance, the participants in the

    image are mostly taken in the medium close shots as they are cut off at the waist

    indicating a public distance where there are more than four people around. The

    viewers look at the pictures from a frontal view point and the image is represented

    from a medium angle indicating no power difference established, showing the

    equality between the participants and the viewers. The textual findings indicate

    that the topical theme distributes the highest number in which participant type

    dominate the first position. It means that the speaker presents more information

    about who or what is involved in the action as the point of departure.

    From a compositional perspective, who or what is involved in the action is

    captured in sharper focus. The size of participants focused is bigger in relation to

    other participants and the landscape accompanying the image. It is placed in the

    foreground or the center to be the most eye-catching or the most salient element in

    the composition. In addition, the color of participants dresses, objects focused are

    contrast to other characters in the composition, such as yellow is the most

    dominant colour presents in the objects, clothes of main characters whereas it

    indicates happiness and glory expected by the wed-couple and the whole family.

    Keywords: ideational, interpersonal and textual, metafunction, multimodal,

    verbal and visual components

  • MULTIMODAL DINAMIKA PERAYAAN PERKAWINAN ADAT

    MASYARAKAT MELAYU MEDAN

    ABSTRAK

    Penelitian mengaplikasikan analisis multimodal terhadap wacana budaya untuk

    menemukan makna yang diciptakan oleh komponen verbal dan visual yang

    mengacu pada konsep analisis semiotik sosial. Metodologi penelitian ini

    dirancang berdasarkan basis-data, basis-observasi dan penelitian deskriptif-

    qualitatif. Sumber data penelitian ini adalah teks-teks verbal dan visual yang

    diambil dari prosedur perayaan perkawinan adat Melayu Deli (DMTWC) yang

    dilaksanakan dalam perkawinan Iqbal dan Lala. Hasil analisis transitivitas pada

    tiga belas langkah perkawinan adat Melayu Deli menunjukkan ada keterkaitan

    antara verbal dan visual yang diwakili dominasi proses: Material; partisipan: Gol,

    sirkumstan: Lokasi / Tempat. Hasil verbal ini diperkuat oleh teks visual yang

    memberi informasi kepada pembaca tentang aksi yang dilaksanakan, siapa dan

    apa yang terafeksi oleh proses dan dimana aksi dilaksanakan. Hasil analisis visual

    menunjukkan struktur narratif DMTWC terdiri dari empat image terealisasi dalam

    aksi dan reaksi transaksional non-projectif yang terealisasi menjadi realisasi

    bidireksional dan sebelas image merupakan proses projektif yang direalisasikan

    oleh proses verbal. Berkenaan dengan makna interpersonal, teks DMTWC lebih

    menawarkan informasi dengan pilihan Modus terbanyak adalah Deklaratif.

    Temuan komponen verbal ini juga diperkuat oleh komponen visual yang

    menunjukkan partisipan yang terlibat tidak membuat hubungan dengan

    pengamat/pembaca karena tidak ada kontak mata, partisipan terlibat saling

    melihat satu sama lain atau kepada obyek di dalam gambar (tepak,

    payung,makanan). Terkait jarak sosial partisipan berada pada posisi public

    (gambar diambil dengan medium close shots, pengambilan dari pinggang, di

    sekelilingnya terlihat ada empat orang). Pembaca melihat gambar dari sudut

    pandang depan (frontal point of view) yang memberinya perasaan terlibat dalam

    peristiwa tersebut. Dalam hal ini tidak ada kekuasaan terbentuk antara partisipan

    dan pembaca. Semua gambar direpresentasi dari medium angle, yang berimplikasi

    pada kesamaan derajat antara pembaca dan partisipan dalam gambar. Hasil

    analisis metafungsi tekstual menunjukkan Tema Topikal/ Partisipan paling

    mendominasi. Klausa yang dimulai dengan tema partisipan menandakan bahwa

    penutur lebih menonjolkan informasi tentang siapa, atau apa yang terlibat dalam

    aksi sebagai titik awal percakapan. Dari persfektif komposisi, masing-masing

    prosedur yang dilaksanakan dalam DMTWC dibidik pada fokus yang lebih tajam,

    ukuran partisipan yang menjadi fokus umumnya lebih besar dibanding dengan

    partisipan lain dan lanskap yang menyertai image biasanya di letakkan di latar

    depan atau tengah agar menjadi unsur yang paling menonjol atau paling mendapat

    perhatian. Selanjutnya, warna baju dan obyek-obyek yang menjadi fokus kontras

    dengan karakter lain, seperti kuning merupakan warna dominan yang terlihat pada

    obyek dan pakaian karakter inti. Karena warna kuning mengindikasikan

    kebahagiaan, kesejahteraan seperti yang diharapkan oleh pengantin dan seluruh

    keluarga.

    Kata kunci: ideasional, interpersonal dan tekstual; metafungsi, multimodal

  • ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

    In the name of Allah SWT, the beneficent, the merciful, all praises be to Allah

    SWT the Lord of the worlds Who has given the writer health and strength to

    finish this dissertation as one of the requirements for the degree of Doctor in

    Linguistics Program, Fakultas Ilmu Budaya Universitas Sumatera Utara.

    In the process of completing this dissertation advice, assistance and supports

    were given by many people. Therefore, she would like to express her deep

    gratitude to:

    1. Rector of Universitas Sumatera Utara Prof. Dr.dr. H. Syahril Pasaribu,

    DTM&H, M. Sc (CTM), Sp.A(K).

    2. Director of Sekolah Pascasarjana, Universitas Sumatera Utara. Prof. Dr.

    Ir. A.Rahim Matondang, M.SIE.

    3. Dean of Fakultas Ilmu Budaya Universitas Sumatera Utara, Dr. Syahron

    Lubis, M.A.

    4. Head of Study Program as well as Promotor, Prof. Tengku Silvana Sinar,

    M.A. Ph.D., who has provided her invaluable help read, give corrections

    and critical comments on the draft of the dissertation until its present form

    5. Co- Promotors, Prof. Dr. Aron Meko Mbete, and Dr. Eddy Setia, M.Ed.

    TESP. who have provided their invaluable help read, give corrections and

    critical comments on the draft of the dissertation until its present form.

    Her appreciation of gratitute also goes to the Board of Examiners and Reviewers :

    Prof. Amrin Saragih, M.A., Ph.D. , Prof. Dr.Busmin Gurning, M.Pd., Prof. Dr.

    Robert Sibarani, M.A, Prof. Dr. Suwardi Lubis, M.S., Dr. T. Thyrhaya Zein, M.A

    who have corrected, given comments, suggestions, and useful contribution to

    improve the quality of this dissertation.

    Her sincere thank also goes to Prof. Peter Collins and Dr. Roghaya Mahalli for

    their invaluable help, suggestions and facilities related to research references

    given during her following the Sandwhich Program in UNSW Sydney Australia.

    Finally, her deep and warm gratitude is dedicated to her beloved parents the late

    H. Kamaluddin Nasution, the late Hj. Rajiah. Her beloved brothers and sisters as

    well as her beloved husband and childr