unit 4d: solids and liquids unit 4d: solids and liquids

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  • Slide 1
  • Unit 4D: Solids and liquids Unit 4D: Solids and Liquids
  • Slide 2
  • Unit 4D: Solids and liquids Unit 4D: Solids and Liquids Solids, liquids and how they can be separated Group the materials according to your own criteria
  • Slide 3
  • Unit 4D: Solids and liquids Unit 4D: Solids and Liquids Some useful words Melt Freeze Solidify Dissolve Solution Undissolved Filter when a solid changes to a liquid when a liquid changes to a solid a liquid changes to a solid when a solid disappears in a liquid a liquid with a solid dissolved in it when a solid doesnt disappear a way of getting undissolved solids out of a liquid
  • Slide 4
  • Unit 4D: Solids and liquids: L.O. 1, 2 : N.C. Unit 4D: Solids and Liquids Solids and Liquids Group the materials according to your own criteria There are 2 main groups liquids and solids
  • Slide 5
  • Unit 4D: Solids and liquids: L.O. 1, 2 : N.C. Unit 4D: Solids and Liquids cont Are all the liquids colourless? What will happen to a liquid if the container it is in is changed? Can you spill the solids? What happens if you tilt the bottle the liquids are in? SolidsLiquids Retain shape Take shape of container Fixed volume (amount of space it takes up) Volume changes Flow Particles packed very close together Particles close together but can move a little
  • Slide 6
  • Unit 4D: Solids and liquids: L.O. 1, 2 : N.C. Unit 4D: Solids and Liquids cont Are the following Solids or Liquids. Try to give a reason for your answers: Cotton wool Sand Shampoo Rice Jelly Soup Syrup
  • Slide 7
  • Unit 4D: The shape and volume of liquids: L.O. 3, 4: N.C. Unit 4D: The shape and volume of liquids The shape and volume of liquids
  • Slide 8
  • Unit 4D: Powders: L.O. 5: N.C. Unit 4D: Powders Powders Some solids consist of very small pieces, such as sand, are sometimes called powders. They behave in a similar way to liquids
  • Slide 9
  • Unit 4D: One material, two states: L.O. 6, 7, 8: N.C. Unit 4D: One material, two states One material, two states Many materials can exist as a solid or a liquid. When it changes from solid to liquid we say it melts. When it changes from a liquid to a solid we say it solidifies or freezes
  • Slide 10
  • Unit 4D: Melting solids: L.O. 9, 10: N.C. Unit 4D: Melting solids Melting solids
  • Slide 11
  • Unit 4D: Melting solids: L.O. 9, 10: N.C. Unit 4D: Melting solids cont Melting and solidifying or freezing are changes that can be reversed and are the reverse of each other
  • Slide 12
  • Unit 4D: Mixing Solids: L.O. 11, 12: N.C. Unit 4D: Mixing Solids Mixing Solids How can the 2 solids be separated?
  • Slide 13
  • Unit 4D: Mixing Solids: L.O. 11, 12: N.C. Unit 4D: Mixing Solids cont How do you think you can separate: Dried peas and paper clips. Stones and salt. Why do you think each method will work?
  • Slide 14
  • Unit 4D: Mixing Solids and Liquids: L.O. 13, 14: N.C. Unit 4D: Mixing Solids and Liquids Mixing Solids and Liquids Investigate what happens when the each of the following is mixed with water: SaltSand Instant coffeeMarbles SugarPlaster of Paris FlourPaint Record your results SubstanceDissolves Does not dissolve Salt Instant Coffee Sugar Flour Sand Marbles Plaster of Paris Paint
  • Slide 15
  • Unit 4D: Separating the undissolved solids: L.O. 15, 16: N.C. Unit 4D: Separating the undissolved solids Separating the undissolved solids How can we separate the marbles from the water Would this method work with the sand?
  • Slide 16
  • Unit 4D: Separating the undissolved solids: L.O. 15, 16: N.C. Unit 4D: Separating the undissolved solids cont Filter paper is like a sieve but the holes are very, very small - only very small particles like water can pass through the holes.
  • Slide 17
  • Unit 4D: Filtering dissolved solids: L.O. 17, 18, 19, 20: N.C. Unit 4D: Filtering dissolved solids Filtering dissolved solids Using filter paper and a funnel, filter the salt water you made. Do you think the salt will be filtered out like the sand was? Try to give a reason for your answer If the solid has dissolved it means that the particles must be smaller than the water particles so they can hide between them. This means they can get through the filter paper
  • Slide 18
  • Unit 4D: Solids and liquids: Summary Unit 4D: Summary Solids and liquids Solids Keep shape Fixed volume Dont flow Liquids Shape of container Fixed volume Can flow Powder Very small solids Behave like liquids Pour Shape of container State Some materials can exist as a solid or a liquid Liquid > Solid Cooling Freezing (solidifying) Solid > Liquid Heating Melting Melting and freezing Different temperatures Water freezes at 0C Mixing Solids Liquid and solid Separate by sieving Dissolved Undissolved Filter