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is tannery industry should transfer another place for saving our environment .

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Tannery Industry in Bangladesh: Good or Bad?

Tannery Industry in Bangladesh: Good or bad?

Prepared for Dr. Md. Monirul Islam (Monir) Associate Professor Department of Environmental Studies and Management North South University

Prepared by Group: 06 Name ID

T.M. Ratul Islam 1321060030

Abir Noor Arick 1320872030

Tania Yasmin Eva 1321211030

Kazi Tawhid Aziz 1321145030

Md. Kamrul Islam 1320597030

Date: February 24, 2015

Letter of Transmittal

February 23, 2015

Dr. Md. Monirul Islam (Monir)

Associate Professor,

Department of Environmental Studies and management,

North South University, Dhaka.

Subject: Submission of report on Tannery Industry in Bangladesh: Good or Bad

Dear Sir,

Here is the report that we assigned on the topic of tannery industry in Bangladesh: good or bad that you gave us. The report has been completed by the knowledge that we have gathered from the course Introduction to Environmental Science. We are grateful to all those persons who provided us important information and gave us valuable advices. We would be pleased if you read the report carefully. We have tried our label best to complete this project meaningfully and correctly. We do believe that our tiresome effort will help you to get ahead with this sort of venture. In this case it will be meaningful to us. However, if you need any assistance in interpreting this project please contact us without any kind of hesitation. Thank you for your time and consideration.

Your sincerely,

T.M. Ratul Islam 1321060030Abir Noor Arick 1320872030Tania Yasmin Eva 1321211030Kazi Tawhid Aziz 1321145030Md. Kamrul Islam 1320597030

I N D E X

Name Topic Page

Md. Kamrul Islam Tannery as an Industry 06

Abir Noor Arick Expanding Economy 11

Kazi Tawhid Aziz Water Pollution 15

Tania Yasmin Eva Air Pollution 20

T.M. Ratul Islam Planning for future Tannery Industry 24

Executive Summary

We are passing through the age of globalization where there has been a vital change in the world environment regarding producing carbon and many others chemical things in many productive businesses from the beginning of 21st century. We are moving towards production business but we are not concern about the negative impact of this type of production business like tannery industry in our country. Environmental issues now a great problem for all the countries in the world not only for Bangladesh. Environmental Science is the most superior and successful key to solve this negative environmental issues. Not a single country is now free from negative impact of environment. The only way to cope with this we have to understand mutually and do something significantly to eradicate this environmental problem.

This project provides an analysis and evaluation of current topic in our country. The topic is tannery industry in Bangladesh: good or bad? Yeh, this is a question. Our answer is newtral. Because economically we are getting positive impact for this tannery industry but environmentally this is harmful.

Our study is on the tannery as an industry, economic growth, pollution like water and air and comparison between these things. We have done our best and we get a neutral answer and that is tannery industry in Bangladesh is not bad but we have to think at first about our environment and we have to do it eco friendly way not only think economically.

The economy of Bangladesh is market base economy. The economy is increasingly led by export-oriented industrialization. The Bangladesh textile industry is the second-largest in the world. Other key sectors include pharmaceuticals, ceramics, leather goods and electronics.

Tannery as an industry

The history of the leather sector and tannery industry in Bangladesh started in 1940 when R.P Saha set up first tannery in Narayanganj. It was shifted to Hazaribagh area of Dhaka. At present, the leather sector of Bangladesh has 220 processing units located at different parts of the country. Today the leather sector is a major industry in the country. The basis of this sector is the domestic supply of rawhides and skins of goat, cow and buffalo. Total capital invested in the tannery industry is estimated at Taka 2.5 billion. Bangladesh currently produces around 23.0 million sq. meters of leather and leather goods per year. According to Leather Sector Census Study, 2005 total production was.

Name of productionAmount of Leather in square feet

wet blue leather35060000

Crust leather66172000

Finished leather 134820000

Total 236052000

Tannery industries of BangladeshLeather is the basis of one of the oldest industries in Bangladesh and plays a significant role in the national economy. This is an agro-based by-product industry with locally available indigenous raw materials having a potential for export development. Bangladesh leather is widely known around the world for its high qualities of fine grain, uniform fibre, smooth feel and natural texture. This is a great respect for our country and a great motivation for tannery industry. Here some tannery industry that suited in Hazaribagh.

Company Name Product and sevices

A. Sultan Leather Enterprise. Hide & Skin

ABUL KHAIR TANNERY Hide & Skin

Akata Enterprise Hide & Skin

AYUB BROTHERS TANNERY LTD Hide & Skin

East Asia Tanneries LtdHide & Skin

Elite Leather Export Hide & Skin

Fakunda LeatherHide & Skin

Habiba Leather ComplexHide & Skin

Ital Bengal LeathersCrust & Finished Leather Manufacturer & Exporter.

KALAM BROTHERS TANNERY LTDLeather & Leather Goods Exporter

Leather ZoneHide & Skin

Link International Hide & Skin

Mark Leather Complex Hide & Skin

Meherun EnterpriseLeather & Leather Goods

Mukta Tannery LtdTannery

Phoenix Leather Complex LtdHide & Skin

Sarm Leather International co.Hide & Skin

Leather & Leather Goods:

About 95%of leather and leather products of Bangladesh are marketed abroad, mostly in the form ofcrushed leather, finished leather, leather garments, and footwear. Most leather and leather goods go to Germany, Italy, France, Netherlands, Spain, Russia, Brazil, Japan, China, Singapore and Taiwan. The sector exported 178 million square feet ofleather and earned $160 million. The country's share in the world leather market is 2%. The export of finished products such as shoes, slippers, leather jackets, hand gloves, bags, purses, wallets, and belts also earn a sizeable amount of foreign currency.

Bangladesh's main market & export volume, growth

According to Export Promotion Bureau leather industry earned $ 1.10 billion in the last year by exporting of finished goods and footwear. Export Promotion bureau data shows that footwear has earned $ 443.54 million, finished leather earned $ 424.05 and lastly leather goods earned $ 197. However,about 60 % of export of leather and leather goods consign to European Union countries and rest 40 % to Japan, USA, India and Australia. New Zealand, Austria, Bulgaria, Bahrain, Costa Rica, Indonesia, Ireland, Lebanon, Sri Lanka, Lithuania, Morocco, Mauritius, Turkey and Vietnam are the new Markets for export. Leather processing and leather manufacturing in Bangladesh is almost entirely export-oriented. Some 95-98% of the leather produced is for export in one form others.

Leather Industry export in million $

20102011201220132014

Leather226.10297.83330.16399.73424.05

Leather Product29.0655.4299.36161.62197.36

Footwear 204.09297.8338.52419.32443.53

Total459.25651.05768.04980.671064.94

Graph: Leather Industry export in million $

Advantage of relocations tannery industries:

Hazaribagh is the most polluted areas in the world. Foreigner buyers noticed these damages of environment. Since many years buyer were urging for a permanent solutions. But they warned that they are going to boycott any kind of leather items from Bangladesh. Many experts dealing with world export business believe, once tanneries are relocated from Hazaribagh to Savar, this means it is very urgent to shift tanneries in a safe environment. After completion of this new safety-compliant industrial area, Bangladeshi leather will be able to attract many buyers like Puma, Hugo Boss, Pierre Cardin, Walmart and many more. On completion of the relocation of the tannery industry to the Savar Tannery Complex, the plan has to redevelop this Hazaribagh area absolutely for residential purpose. At that time