bakorkhani industry in bangladesh

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A brief overview of Bakorkhani industry in Bangladesh

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    BAKARKHANI BUSINESS IN PURAN DHAKA:

    A Look into a Micro Enterprise Industry

    PREPARED FOR

    Mr. Sheikh Morshed Jahan

    Associate Professor

    PREPARED BY

    Group 5, Section A, BBA 20th

    ZR-05 MD. Mazharul Islam

    ZR-08 Abashesh Biswas

    RH-09 Tashfia Rawnak Anika

    ZR-15 Fahmin Rahman

    RH-19 Fableeha Bushra Chowdhury

    RH-28 Syeda Shehtaz Hasib

    ZR-31 Nishadul Haque Nihal

    ZR-32 Rakib Khan

    ZR-39 Sabbir Hossen

    RH-48 Sadia Samira

    ZR-60 Sajeed Alam

    ZR-62 Ahnaf Ahmed

    Institute of Business Administration

    University of Dhaka

    27 April 2014

  • Page | 2

    CONTENTS

    Executive Summary .................................................................................................................................................................. 3

    1.0 Introduction ....................................................................................................................................................................... 4

    1.1 Bakarkhani Industry Profile............................................................................................................................................. 5

    1.2 SWOT Analysis ............................................................................................................................................................... 6

    2.0 Major Findings ................................................................................................................................................................... 7

    2.1 Observations and Insights............................................................................................................................................... 7

    2.1.1 Apprentice System .................................................................................................................................................. 7

    2.1.2 Importance to Quality and Customers...................................................................................................................... 7

    2.1.3 Strong Work Culture................................................................................................................................................ 8

    2.1.4 Seasonal Demand .................................................................................................................................................... 8

    2.1.5 Declining Profitability .............................................................................................................................................. 8

    2.2 Sustainability Index and Maturity Timeline of Bakarkhani Industry .................................................................................. 9

    2.2.1 Profit for owner ...................................................................................................................................................... 9

    2.2.2 Customers..............................................................................................................................................................10

    2.2.3 Employees .............................................................................................................................................................10

    2.2.4 Value Chain Actors .................................................................................................................................................10

    2.2.5 Society ...................................................................................................................................................................10

    3.0 Triangular Framework ...................................................................................................................................................11

    3.1 Organization Effectiveness ........................................................................................................................................11

    3.2 Industry Effectiveness ...............................................................................................................................................12

    3.4 Economy Effectiveness ..............................................................................................................................................12

    4.0 Challenges and Prospects ..................................................................................................................................................13

    5.0 Reflections and Take Aways ...............................................................................................................................................14

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    EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

    As the story goes, the name Bakarkhani was derived from the powerful General Aga Baker in the late

    Nababi period. Bakarkhani whose origin goes back to as early as the Mughal era, is a unique bread with

    a crispy texture. This age-old traditional food has survived the test of times, and still lingers in the

    alleyways of Puran Dhaka, Bangladesh. This rare bread is usually eaten over a cup of tea, but variations

    of the Bakarkhani may include adding cheese and khimar to enhance its flavors.

    Bakarkhani shops in Puran Dhaka are micro enterprises that make up a small cluster or industry. In our

    Bakarkhani field visit to Puran Dhakas Chankarpur, Lalbagh. Becharum Dewry, Doyagonj, Nazimudding

    Rd and Narinda, around 30 Bakarkhani shops were surveyed and many of the shop owners were

    interviewed. The field visit revealed many interesting facts about the Bakarkhani industry and allowed

    us to draw some insights through our observations. Among other observations, it was seen that the

    Bakarkhani industry works under an apprentice system whereby young children are trained on how to

    make Bakarkhani from an early age. Our survey further revealed that the Bakarkhani makers give utmost

    importance to customer satisfaction even though they do not get a fair price (one Bakarkhani costs only

    3 Taka on average) for the breads they make with so much care. Furthermore, inside the Bakarkhani

    shops where there are as few as 3 employees; there was an evident display of a strong work culture.

    However, due to the declining demand of Bakarkhanis and its falling value, the industry is facing some

    serious hurdles and many of the entrepreneurs are regretting coming to this industry. Hence, after

    discussing some of the major findings of our field visit, the main challenges and the possible prospects of

    this declining industry are highlighted, followed by some reflections and take aways from the research

    on a micro enterprise, Bakarkhani.

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    1.0 INTRODUCTION

    The name 'Bakarkhani' is synonymous with Puran Dhaka. Every turn of a corner on the narrow streets of

    Puran Dhaka are occupied with five to six small Bakarkhani shops.

    Bakerkhani is a unique confectionary, a crispy spiced golden brown flat-bread that is enjoyed with the

    morning tea or as a snack. Besides, it is quite compatible with beef, chicken or mutton curry. At times, it

    may be also served with condensed milk or honey. Usually a salted treat, variations of Bakerkhani

    include sweet ones and those with cheese added to enhance the flavor or the treat. It is a food that is

    cheap cheap in price but rich in taste.

    It's foundation dates back to the Mughal era, who had a very strong and influential food culture. The

    origin of the name Bakarkhani is quite an interesting story, it goes as a legendary, sad love story

    between Aga Bakar and Khani Begum around the middle of eighteenth century inspired the naming of

    the bread. According to the book "Kingbadantir Dhaka" by Nazir Hossain, Aga Bakar a general in

    Chittagong during Nabab Siraj-ud-daulah's reign (1800s), madly fell in love with a beautiful dancer, Khani

    Begum. Another official, Jainul Khan, abducted Khani Begum as he had an eye for her at the same time.

    As Aga Bakar rescued Khani, Jainul fled resulting a rumour that Aga Bakar assassinated Jainul and hidden

    his dead body. Eventually, both Khani Begum and Aga Bakar were arrested. Aga Bakar was sentenced to

    death and put in a cage with a tiger. Strong in his will and love, Aga Bakar killed the Tiger and

    escaped. In the meantime, Jainul abducted Khani one more time and killed her. It is said that Aga Bakar

    immortalized his love for Khani Begum and her memory through this specially prepared bread by

    naming it 'Bakar-Khani' .

    Bakarkhani stands as a symbol of love, a totem of our history and beacon of hope for those still clinging

    onto the last relics of a culture in decline. The Bakarkhani is more than just multi-layered bread; it is in

    fact a reminder of the affluence and magnificence of our ancient times.

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    1.1 BAKARKHANI INDUSTRY PROFILE

    Place Puran Dhaka - Shaatrouja, Nazimuddin Rd., Chankharpur, Lalbagh, Narinda

    Number of shops Around 30 shops that make and sell Bakarkhani Rotis in the industry

    Most shops can be found in small clusters spread throughout Puran Dhaka

    Average number of employees The Bakarkhani industry is heavily depended on the employees. They are refered to as the karigors.

    They are very highly skilled cooks who are adept at Bakarkhani preparation techniques as they receive on the job training and apprenticeship from a very young age

    Each shop employes about 3-4 karigors all of whom wor