tea industry of bangladesh
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Tea industry of Bangladesh:Its problems, Remedies and influence on global market
Md. Asraful Islam Chowdhury LecturerDepartment of Business AdministrationLEADING UNIVERSITY
Masum Ahmad1201010243Syed Ali Hasan1201010248Mahmudul Karim Newaz1201010205Masum Hussain1201010202Abdul Motin1201010219Lovely Begum1201010244Submitted By,LAST MOMENT
Introduction to tea industry
History of Bangladesh Tea Industry
Tea estates in Bangladesh
Tea Sector Overview
Bangladesh Tea ProductionTea production in Bangladesh maintained an upward trend with an annual average rate of increase of 1.03% and on an average produced 57.75 million Kg of tea annually during last ten years (2002-2011).
Internal Consumption of Tea in BangladeshDemand for tea has been increasing in Bangladesh since its independence due to increased tea drinking habit, higher income, population growth and rapid urbanization. Trend of internal consumption has been shown in figure
Export Position of Bangladesh TeaExport of tea from has been declining @ 8.92% for the last 10 years (2002-2011) due to lack of exportable surplus. Bangladesh exported 31.91 million Kg of tea in 1993 as shown in figure
Human rights of the tea gardeners leading a life of untold miserymost vulnerable groups government or non-government organizationsdeprived of all government facilities socio-economic condition
Respondents are involved in different types of occupation mostly working in the tea garden itself. Their life as usual, is different occupations of the respondents are presented in the following table:
Educational status of the working people has been found frustrating in the tea gardens. Lack of schools in the premises of tea garden is most important factor. Low level of awareness regarding the value of education among the people is another reason for not getting educated.
All the people earn an amount of money one way or the other. Some of them do not have regular income others have a fixed income for each week. Many of them earn on daily basis and a few earns a fixed amount of money monthly.
Problems of the tea industries in BangladeshThere are many problems in the tea estates of Bangladesh, these problems can be furnished as follows:1. Natural calamity2. Law and order situation3. Shortage of medical facilities4.Lack of pure water 5. Addicted person 6. Lack of infrastructure7. Lack of capital and modern machineries 8. Lower market value of made tea 9. Lack of educational institutions10. Malnutrition
Remedies and recommendationsProblems in the tea estates of Bangladesh can be solved by taking following steps:Law and order situation of the tea estatesM.B.B.S. doctor and supporting staffsSet up sufficient number of deep and shallow tube wellsWine consumptionHousing problems of the laborersThe executives of the tea estates must be consciousProduction cost variablesShortage of capital and modern machinerySolution of droughtEstablish sufficient number of educational institutions
Table: Comparative Production of world's major producer countries of teaIn the world thirty countries are producing more than 2.50 billion kilogram of teas annually from 2.56 million hectares of plantation. After meeting their domestic consumption, 28 countries export about 1.02 billion kg of tea annually
Per Hectare Productivities of Some Tea Producing CountriesThe trend of annual per ha productivities of some tea producing countries along with world average production has been depicted in figure:
Although the Camellia sinensis is originally native to mainland China, South and Southeast Asia, today the plant is cultivated across the world in tropical and subtropical regions Figure: Main Tea Producing Countries Source: FAOSTAT (2008) Production and Export (international market)Although tea is produced in more than 35 countries, three-quarters of global production occurs in only a handful of these countries. Figure: Estimated Production and Export values 2010 in metric tons of top 10 countries
Consumption and Import Contrary to coffee and cocoa, the affluent populations of North America, Western Europe and Japan are not the largest markets for tea. Over 50% of global tea exports are destined to the Middle East, North Africa and the former Soviet Union countries.
Sustainability issues in the sector In its current state, sufficient supply and quality of tea is not guaranteed for the sector. Several social, economic, and environmental issues, combined with the finite nature of natural resources and rapidly growing populations, lie at the root of this situation.
Table: Overview of the social, economical and environmental issues (Source: TCC 2010:6)
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