soil & water

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Soil & Water. 3 rd Grade George Hall Elementary. SOIL. Soil Facts. Soil is living. There are more than 70,000 types of soil in the United States. It takes more than 500 years to form one inch of topsoil. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Soil & Water

Soil & Water3rd Grade George Hall ElementarySOIL Soil FactsSoil is living.There are more than 70,000 types of soil in the United States.It takes more than 500 years to form one inch of topsoil.Nearly all antibiotics used to fight our infections are obtained from soil organisms.In one gram of soil, there are over 5,000 different types of bacteria.

SoilA mixture of minerals, organic matter, water, and air, which forms on the land surface. Soil supports the growth of plants.

Soil StructureThe arrangement of soil particles into clusters of various shapes that resemble balls, blocks, columns, or plates.Soil TextureThe relative proportions of sand, silt, and clay particles.SandThe largest-sized soil particles. Sand feels gritty. Also refers to a soil texture that consists of at least 85% sand particles.

SiltSoil particles in between sand and clay in size. Silt feels like flour (smooth and velvety). Also refers to a soil texture that consists of at least 80% silt particles.

ClayThe smallest-sized soil particles. Often have plate-like shapes. Feels sticky when wet. Also refers to a soil texture that consists of at least 40% clay particles.

WATER WetlandAn area of land where the soil is saturated with water, such as a marsh, swamp, or bog.

WatershedA watershed is the area of land where all of the water that is under it or drains off of it goes into the same place.

Water CycleThe earth has a limited amount of water. Water keeps going around and around and around and around in what we call the "Water Cycle".

Evaporation & TranspirationEvaporation is when the sun heats up water in rivers or lakes or the ocean and turns it into vapor or steam.The water vapor or steam leaves the river, lake or ocean and goes into the air.

Transpiration is the process by which plants lose water out of their leaves. Transpiration gives evaporation a bit of a hand in getting the water vapor back up into the air.

CondensationWater vapor in the air gets cold and changes back into liquid, forming clouds.This is called condensation.

PrecipitationPrecipitation occurs when so much water has condensed that the air cannot hold it anymore. The clouds get heavy and water falls back to the earth in the form of rain, hail, sleet or snow.

CollectionWhen water falls back to earth as precipitation, it may fall back in the oceans, lakes or rivers or it may end up on land. When it ends up on land, it will either soak into the earth and become part of the ground water that plants and animals use to drink or it may run over the soil and collect in the oceans, lakes or rivers where the cycle starts all over again.

QUIZ What are the three components (parts) of soil? SandSilt ClayWhat is the Water Cycle?The earth has a limited amount of water. Water keeps going around and around and around and around in what we call the "Water Cycle".

What are the four parts of the Water Cycle?EvaporationCondensationPrecipitationCollection

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