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  • Cooperation in innovation between France & SA

    French innovation ecosystem

    Romain PETIT : Innovation and Technology Transfer Advisor

    Seconded by the French Government

  • France, a haven for innovation

    The largest European delegation at the CES2015, with 160 companies,

    receiving 23 awards

    France leads the Deloitte Fast 500 ranking with 86 companies in the 500

    fastest growing companies

    Most business start-up in Europe in numbers

    Largest business incubator in construction (2016) with a capacity of 1000 companies incubated at Halle Freyssinet

    4000+ start-up already supported only at a Parisian level

    France is first in class for the number of innovative structures in Europe, third in

    the world according to Thomson Reuters 2014 TOP100 innovators ranking

  • French ecosystem in South AfricaExisting structures in South Africa materialize our cooperation and could be

    used to increase it.

    FSAGRI

    FSATI

    FSASEC &

    PLMCC

    - French South African Technology Institute in

    TUT/ CPUT, existing for 20 years

    - Telecom / power electronics / enabled living

    / space

    - FSATI on agriculture

    - University of Fort Hare

    - FSASEC: French South African Schneider

    Electric Education Center in VUT

    - Product Life Cycle Management Center of

    Competence in CPUT with Dassault Systemes

    + 350 French companies based in SA with a large

    representation of our CAC40, employing 20 000 persons

    Higher

    Education /

    research and

    professional

    training

    IRD / CIRAD

    / CNRS- Institute of Research for Development

    - Hosting in South African research Institutions Research

    Business

  • French national innovation ecosystem

    Private sector

    Start-up

    Research & High

    Education

    Public

    incubators

    Carnot

    Institutes

    Regionalized

    C&TTOs: SATT

    Private

    incubators

    Applied &

    translational

    research

    Incubation

    Clusters

    Competitiveness

    clusters

    Private

    incubators

    Technological

    Research Institutes

    IRT ITE IHU

    Independent

    C&TTO

    Technology

    transfer

    Regional

    clusters

    National

    Valorisation

    support CVTs

    Disclaimer: this is not an exhaustive view !

    CRITT

  • Clusters

    - 71 thematic Competitiveness clusters Poles de

    comptitivit dedicated to collaborative innovation

    and industrial development covering all sectors

    - Projects factory between industry, research & higher

    education

    - Focus on one domain and one territory, in coherence

    with the national strategy: a cluster strategy defined

    by the members, approved by the state

    - Industry & State driven

    - Created in 2005, with 3 independent assessments

    - More than 600 foreign companies implied

    Competitiveness

    clusters

    Applied &

    translational

    research

    Incubation

    Clusters

    Technology

    transferPubli

    c fu

    ndin

    g

    - Clusters : mainly focused around supporting and

    networking of SMMEs sharing the same industry on a

    given territory, not so much on innovation. Industry

    driven.

    - Grappes dentreprises : regional clusters with a

    more important innovation & training dimension.

    Local authorities often involved.

    Regional

    clusters

    71 competitiveness clusters dedicated to partnership innovation structure our

    ecosystem nationally.

  • 71 ples de

    comptitivit

    18 world class clusters

    defined according to their

    critical mass

    53 other clusters with

    national goals and visibility

    Clusters mappingClusters Competitiveness

    clusters

  • Development:

    New activities in

    favor of SMEs

    growth

    Stage 2

    2009-2012

    Maturity?

    Creation of new

    jobs and growth

    perspectiveLaunch:

    First R&D

    collaborative

    projects

    The ples de comptitivit policys stages

    Stage 3

    2013-2018

    Stage 1

    2005-2008

    Clusters Competitiveness clusters

  • Independent consultants

    6-month work with 2 days in each cluster to meet members

    A poll and 2 surveys

    An assessment focus on:

    Quality of the clusters strategy and its implementation

    Animation and governance: private involvement to finance the cluster,

    expenditure repartition in the different activities

    R&D capacity: kind and number of projects, actions to facilitate the

    emergence of R&D collaborative projects

    Actions in favor of an innovation-friendly ecosystem

    Actions in favor of SMEs growth: contact with investors, skills needs,

    infrastructure development, international cooperation, etc.

    Economic results and visibility

    The 2012 assessment

    Clusters Competitiveness clusters

  • The success of collaborative R&D

    - 1200 selected projects since 2005

    - > 5 B of R&D financing

    - 2,2 B of public support

    First economic effects of R&D projects: job creation, firm growth

    A collaborative effect between industry and research

    Still difficulties to evaluate results in terms of job creation, GDP, etc.

    First Results in terms of innovation projectsClusters Competitiveness

    clusters

  • Strong SME involvement:

    - 9 700 firms in all, 80% of which are SMEs

    - SMEs have benefited from more than 50% of subsidies allocated by the Single

    Interministerial Fund

    - SMEs lead 45% of projects in 2011

    Entrepreneurial spirit: 17% of firms are less than five years old

    Increased cluster cooperation

    - More and more projects selected by two or more clusters (40% of projects)

    - Greater cooperation between thematically similar clusters

    - Intersection of different types of clusters: market-targeted clusters (health,

    transports, etc.) and technologies-targeted clusters (ICT, materials, etc.)

    First Results in terms of collaborationClusters Competitiveness

    clusters

  • A positive impact of Cluster policy

    66% of firms create jobs thanks to clusters and 84% maintain jobs

    60% of firms increase their R&D investments

    At least 1 000 patents and 100 startups thanks to R&D projects (between 2008 and 2011)

    200 startups creation are linked to the cluster activity

    +4% SMEs annual growth if firm participate to R&D project

    A positive impact of public support to R&D

    These results should increase in the coming years with the end of more projects.

    First Economic ResultsClusters Competitiveness

    clusters

  • One goal: to increase economic impacts of the cluster policy

    2 means:

    To define a new role for cluster, further than selecting R&D

    projects:

    support to go to the market

    To increase the cluster support to SMEs growth: contacts

    with investors, anticipation of skills needs, export capacity,

    etc. .

    Stage 3 (2013-2018)

    Clusters Competitiveness clusters

  • Structuring cluster policy : Building the ecosystem

    Creating an environment to nurture cluster growth

    Improving synergies between clusters and the stakeholders on their territory: creation of infrastructures (innovation platforms), business incubators, etc.

    Integrating more SMEs

    Increasing private financing

    Developing human resources

    Reaffirming IPR framework

    Improving the Cluster International visibility

    Developing durable cluster cooperation

    Boosting private-sector financing: a new label for innovative SMEs

    A concept created by France's world class clusters with Ministry support

    Creation of selection committees to find SMEs with high growth and innovation potential

    Specialized training

    Possibility to obtain individual appointments with business angels or investors

    Competitiveness

    clustersClusters

  • Key learnings

    No one size fits all approach

    Define precisely the objectives and vision of the clusters: innovation ? Business

    ? Export oriented ?

    Build on a private and public sector mobilization both nationally and locally

    Aim at building critical masses

    Develop the cooperation at all stages: between companies, higher education,

    public authorities

    Create specific incentives for cooperating

    Streamline the innovation process and innovation support and funding entities

    It takes time so give time to the process, but review and adapt it progressively

    Competitiveness

    clustersClusters

  • Applied and translational research

    Applied &

    translational

    research

    Incubation

    Clusters

    Technology

    transferPubli

    c fu

    ndin

    g

    - 34 research centres dedicated to research serving

    companies whether they are SMME or large

    corporations

    - Represents 15% of French public laboratory workforce

    - 455 M of contract research financed by companies

    - 65 spin-off companies per year

    - Opened to the international companies

    - Covering all research areas

    Carnot

    Institutes

    - Call for proposals in 2010/11 - 2B on 10 years

    - Grouping of research capacities locally, on a specific

    domain of excellence to create a world class

    research centre

    - Con