notes. nutrients  the food you eat is a source of nutrients.  nutrients keep your body...

Download Notes. Nutrients  The food you eat is a source of nutrients.  Nutrients keep your body functioning

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  • Slide 1
  • Notes
  • Slide 2
  • Nutrients The food you eat is a source of nutrients. Nutrients keep your body functioning.
  • Slide 3
  • Your body needs nutrients to Work as a fuel/energy Help you grow Repair itself Maintain basic bodily functions.
  • Slide 4
  • Balance is Key For years, people held to the idea that there are bad nutrients and good nutrients when, in fact, all nutrients play a certain role in the body. Even those nutrients once considered bad such as fats and carbohydrates perform vital functions in the body and if one consumes too many good nutrients such as vitamins or minerals there can be harmful results, as well.
  • Slide 5
  • Balance - Eat foods from all of the food groups. Variety - Eat different foods from each food group. Moderation Do not eat excessively from any group and portion size
  • Slide 6
  • The 6 Essential Nutrients 1. Water 2. Carbohydrates 3. Protein 4. Lipids (Fat) 5. Vitamins 6. Minerals
  • Slide 7
  • What is an Organic molecule? What is an Organic molecule? Organic molecules contain Carbon Organic molecules, substances that contain carbon-hydrogen bonds. The major classes of organic molecule include carbohydrates, proteins, lipids & vitamins.
  • Slide 8
  • What is an Inorganic Molecule? Molecules that DO NOT contain carbon. DO NOT have carbon-hydrogen (C-H) bonds; generally they are simple and not normally found in living things. Water & minerals are considered inorganic molecules
  • Slide 9
  • Monomers & Polymers A monomer is a molecule that is able to bond in long chains. Here is a monomer: Here is a polymer: A large molecule made from many similar small molecules called subunits or monomers In other words, Each MONOMER is a BUILDING BLOCK in the structure of a POLYMER
  • Slide 10
  • 3 major classes of organic compounds ClassSubunit/ Monomer Polymer Carbohydrates Sugar Mono- saccharide Poly saccharides LipidsFatty acidsLipids ProteinsAmino acidsProteins
  • Slide 11
  • Macronutrients vs. Micronutrients Provide the body with energy Are required in large amounts Examples: Carbohydrates, lipids & proteins Do NOT provide the body with energy Are NOT required in large amounts Examples: vitamins and minerals
  • Slide 12
  • Water Although water does not provide the body with energy it is required in large amounts so it is in a category of its own.

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