fats. what are fats???? fats are basic nutrients needed for: fats are basic nutrients needed for:...

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FATS Slide 2 What are Fats???? Fats are basic nutrients needed for: Fats are basic nutrients needed for: Proper functioning of cells Proper functioning of cells Insulation of body organs against shock Insulation of body organs against shock Maintenance of body temperature Maintenance of body temperature Healthy skin and hair Healthy skin and hair Slide 3 LDL VS. HDL LDL is known as bad cholesterol. LDL is known as bad cholesterol. Saturated fats can increase your cholesterol Saturated fats can increase your cholesterol Facilitates the transport of cholesterol in the blood to the body cells Facilitates the transport of cholesterol in the blood to the body cells HDL is known as good cholesterol. HDL is known as good cholesterol. Facilitates the transport of cholesterol in the blood to the liver for metabolism and elimination from body. Facilitates the transport of cholesterol in the blood to the liver for metabolism and elimination from body. HDL cholesterol can be increased by daily exercise. HDL cholesterol can be increased by daily exercise. Slide 4 Unsaturated Fats Unsaturated fats: Unsaturated fats: Mostly come from plants Mostly come from plants soybean, sunflower, fish and corn oils. soybean, sunflower, fish and corn oils. Liquid at room temperature Liquid at room temperature Unsaturated fats are known as good fats. Unsaturated fats are known as good fats. It is necessary to have fat as a part of your diet. It is necessary to have fat as a part of your diet. Slide 5 Saturated Fats Saturated fats: Saturated fats: Mostly come from animal sources Mostly come from animal sources Meats, fried food, baked goods, and dairy products Meats, fried food, baked goods, and dairy products Are solid at room temperature Are solid at room temperature Saturated fats directly raise total and LDL (bad) cholesterol levels. Saturated fats directly raise total and LDL (bad) cholesterol levels. High LDL levels are bad for your heart. High LDL levels are bad for your heart. Slide 6 Saturated Fats The American Heart Association recommends limiting the amount of saturated fats you eat to less than 7 percent of your total daily calories. The American Heart Association recommends limiting the amount of saturated fats you eat to less than 7 percent of your total daily calories. Slide 7 Trans Fats Trans fats: The worst kind of fat Trans fats: The worst kind of fat raises your "bad" (LDL) cholesterol and lowers your "good" (HDL) cholesterol. raises your "bad" (LDL) cholesterol and lowers your "good" (HDL) cholesterol. A high LDL cholesterol level in combination with a low HDL cholesterol level increases your risk of heart disease. A high LDL cholesterol level in combination with a low HDL cholesterol level increases your risk of heart disease. Slide 8 Trans Fats Trans fat is made by adding hydrogen to vegetable oil Trans fat is made by adding hydrogen to vegetable oil It makes food less likely to spoil. It makes food less likely to spoil. Examples of foods with trans fats are: Examples of foods with trans fats are: Baked goods, such as crackers, cookies and cakes Baked goods, such as crackers, cookies and cakes fried foods, such as doughnuts and French fries fried foods, such as doughnuts and French fries Slide 9 Slide 10 Fats = Healthy Diet Eating foods with a moderate amount of fat is part of a healthy diet. Eating foods with a moderate amount of fat is part of a healthy diet. Remember to balance the amount of calories you eat with the amount of calories you burn. Remember to balance the amount of calories you eat with the amount of calories you burn. Slide 11 Fats = Healthy Diet Aim to eat more vegetables, fruits, whole-grain/high-fiber foods, fat-free and low-fat dairy products, lean meats, poultry, and fish. Aim to eat more vegetables, fruits, whole-grain/high-fiber foods, fat-free and low-fat dairy products, lean meats, poultry, and fish. If you do this, your diet will be low in both saturated fats and trans fats. If you do this, your diet will be low in both saturated fats and trans fats. Slide 12 More Fat Facts There are 9 calories per gram of fat. There are 9 calories per gram of fat. All fats have the same amount of calories, but not the same effect on your body. All fats have the same amount of calories, but not the same effect on your body. Fats provide a concentrated form of energy. Fats provide a concentrated form of energy. If there are not enough carbohydrates for your bodys energy, fats can be used as energy. If there are not enough carbohydrates for your bodys energy, fats can be used as energy. Consuming high levels of fat can lead to taking in too many calories. Consuming high levels of fat can lead to taking in too many calories. That will lead to weight gain or being overweight. That will lead to weight gain or being overweight. Slide 13 What type of fat??? Slide 14 Slide 15 Slide 16 Slide 17 Slide 18 Slide 19 Slide 20 OBJECTIVES 1. The students will be able to show the difference between LDL and HDL. 1. The students will be able to show the difference between LDL and HDL. 2. The students will be able to know how fats are used by the body 2. The students will be able to know how fats are used by the body 3. The students will be able to state the difference between saturated, unsaturated, and trans fats. 3. The students will be able to state the difference between saturated, unsaturated, and trans fats. 4. The students will be able to know how to keep their saturated and trans fats down in their diet. 4. The students will be able to know how to keep their saturated and trans fats down in their diet. 5. The students will be able to correctly identify what type of fat each food belongs to. 5. The students will be able to correctly identify what type of fat each food belongs to. 6. The students will show appropriate behavior towards their classmates and teachers throughout the entire class period. 6. The students will show appropriate behavior towards their classmates and teachers throughout the entire class period.

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