how to annotate

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  • 1. The Art of AnnotatingThe Pathway to Analytical Reading

2. TheProfile ofthe Good Reader 3. Set a purposevs 4. Connect what you are reading toHow does this How does thisrelate to relate tosomething elsesomething elsein my life Ive read?family,community, etc? How does this relate to me? 5. Ask QUESTIONS About the characters About the plot andhow the author willunfold the narrativeto you About informationyou dont understand 6. Writers often give you hints or clues that help you "read betweenthe lines." These clues give you a deeper understanding. Whenyou infer, you go beyond the surface details to see othermeanings that the details suggest or imply (not stated). When themeanings of words are not stated clearly in the context of the text,they may be implied - that is, suggested or hinted at. Whenmeanings are implied, you may infer them. 7. FromTothis this 8. Evaluate and JudgeWhat is the author s thematic purpose? What ideasdoes the writer present that you agree with? Disagreewith? How relevant are these ideas to you? Whatprevious ideas of yours has this work changed oramplified? 9. The Levels of a Literary Text:Moving from thePLOT/SUBJECTto the THEMATIC PLOT LEVELThings that can be answered with the question What?What is being said or argued.What details are provided.In fiction: things a character does, other characters reactionsDetails of setting 10. Figurative LevelThings that can be answered with the question Why? or How?When we INFER things about the speakers point of view, ormotivationsWhen we observe and interpret literary devices and techniques thatan author uses. 11. And the last and mostsophisticated Level:THEMATIC LevelWhen we consider the big ideas oruniversal themes that the author haspresented or hinted at. 12. What does annotate mean?Annotation is a method of writing down your ideas on a text: To trace yourTo develop your readingunderstanding of (setting, purpose, asking questions, literary analysisconnecting,(plot, figurative, summarizing,thematic)inferring) 13. Good annotations will have abalance of written ideas ofYour own thoughts, connectionsand ideas WithYour understanding of the authors ideas and intentions 14. Comment on aspecific image Highlight: it doesnt add any value!Mention literarydevices/elementsJust circle words: say whyMention authors intentor at least try to guessLimit yourself to your ownauthors intentionopinion about the text, moveon to purpose. 15. Reader ConnectionsOnly Gatsby, the man who gives his name to this book, was exempt from my reactionText to SELF: Ive met people who seem to be part of a group ofpeople you hate but then turn out to be likable for some reasonGatsbywho represented everything for which I have an unaffected scorn. If personality Text to World: celebrities often become representative of the rich, spoiled, American Dream even if they do not characterize the rest ofis a series celebrity world the of successful gestures, then there was something gorgeous about him, some The was indicates that he is either deadheightened sensitivity to the promises of life, as ifor this wasrelated to one of thosehe were written long after he was gorgeousintricate machines that register earthquakes ten thousand miles away. 16. Gatsbywho represented everything for which I have an unaffected scorn. If This metaphor, comparing your personality to a series of choreographed, physical movements makes it seem like he is gracefulpersonality is a series of successful gestures, then there was something gorgeous Why does he evoke both scorn and gorgeous qualities?about him, some heightened sensitivity to the promises of life, as if he were related to How is he more sensitive to the promises ofone of those intricate machines that register earthquakes ten thousand miles away life? Does this mean he is more hopeful or more depressed?(Fitzgerald 3).Comparing him to a seismograph makes it seem as if he is in tune with FATE or Lady Luck and that things must always go his way, or that is what he must believe 17. Unproductive AnnotationsGatsbywho represented everything for which I have an unaffected scorn. If So Gatsby represents what he doesnt likepersonality is a series of successful gestures, then there was something gorgeousHes good lookingabout him, some heightened sensitivity to the promises of life, as if he were related toone of those intricate machines that register earthquakes ten thousand miles away I dont get what this means(Fitzgerald 3).

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