hans schaffers smartcities

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3rd ENoLL Living Lab Summer School Research Day

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  • 1.www.fireball4smartcities.euSmart Cities as Innovation Ecosystems Sustained by the Future InternetLiving Labs Summer School 2012, HelsinkiHans Schaffers Visiting professor Aalto University School of Business, CKIR ESoCE NetScientific Coordinator of FIREBALL

2. FIREBALL White Paper May 2012Download from www.fireball4smartcities.eu www.esoce.net www.urenio.org www.ami-communities.eu 3. The Smart City concept We often consider based on rankings - the Smart City as areality Smart City: not a reality but an urban development strategy,and a mostly technology driven future vision Smart City is about how citizens are shaping the city, and howcitizens are empowered to contribute to urban development Smart City is an urban laboratory, an urban innovationecology, an accelerator and agent of change We are witnessing promising developments towards smartercities What is the DNA of the Smart City? 4. The FIREBALL Project Cities increasingly transform into what can be called urbaninnovation ecosystems Cities start experimenting the opportunities of the (Future)Internet through living labs approaches for engaging end-users in the innovation process FIREBALL aims to bring together Cities, Living Labs and FutureInternet stakeholders to explore models and practices of howopen innovation and user participation supports theexperimentation and uptake of the Future Internet 5. FIREBALLResults Smart city vision, landscape Cases of smart(er) cities Smart city Future Internet - enabled innovationecosystems Smart Cities roadmapand cities action plans Community building ,creation of a ConnectedSmart Cities network Portal and web 2.0 tools 6. Barcelona smart city developmentLeading role of City Hall Smart city Strategy SC Management Kiosks 22@net Barc activa Internal gov Tech park Open data Urban Lab 3D projectsSMARTGOVERNA SMART Strategic plan Smart Districts:Creation of networks ofNCEECONOMY 22@Barcelona; tripleactors, organisations, helix collaborationsdepartmentsSMARTLIVINGSMARTPEOPLE Living Lab initiatives: Broadband network and Municipal Police Cibernarium 22@Urban Lab, Live, sensor data management New incidents tools Intel environments Citilab Cornella Bdigital, i2Cat, Fablab,Creation of proof of Cornellaconcepts for systems and Smart city model: Infrastructure building:applications traditional and new. Integration ofTICT. FromChallenges fibre optic to hWi-Fi. Demand for human New services to capital and skills citizens: gov, rquality of VC funding for innovatione life, professional Low global connectivity Open data: sensors,e open standard, and city Development of triple platformhelix alliancespCollaboration between government departmentsi 7. Thessaloniki smart city developmentICT transforming city activities and ecosystemsBroadband networksApps and e-services:Planning for Smartby large companiesBottom-up initiativesdistrict ADSL: 24/1 MbCity representation Development of wiredCity sectorsand wireless networks Fibre optic net: 2,5 GbCity districtsFree Internet to users 3G-HSDPA: 42 MbCitizens. Aggregation / and business.collective content Wireless: free Smart environmentsCity administration and (municipal nets) social services based on sensorsLocation-based services e-services suitable forCity infrastructure and the community of eachutilities districtCity management Training services forinvolvement of end-users Governance challenges: Three gaps to address (1)Digital skills gap - TRAINING (2)Creativity gap LIVING LABS (3)Entrepreneurship gap BUSINESS MODELS 8. Manchester smart city developmentDigital strategies and smart environments for urban renewalUrban regeneration Digital Strategy Toward Smart CityFlagship initiativesSince mid-1980s theStarted in 2008 and review East Manchester: aCity Council embarked in 2011 with respect to regeneration challengeEU Digital Agenda and Eastserve: first Living Labon city regenerationconsulting with local Corridor Living lab NGA Drive economic change stakeholders. Mainprojectthrough technologyobjectives: Next generation open Focus on neighborhood Digital inclusion,access fibre opticgenerate skills and networkfocused action, creativetackle the dividesPrinciples for Smart Citiescity, and innovationNeighbourhoodDigital industries, newIn 1990s Manchester employment, cluster ofregeneration as startingpoint for a smart citytelematics Partnershipdigital and creativeDigital collaborationsCurrently, e-services tobusinessesthrough Living Labsaddress inequalitiesDigital innovation: Putting people at theworking with the future heart of the agendaand digital democracy Internet research An inclusive andBalance of top-down community to supportsustainable approach toManchester as Smart digital developmentand bottom-up actionsCityExemplar projects 9. Helsinki smart city developmentLiving Labs and new clusters for smart city strategyA Porterian cluster in mobile technology is emerging in Helsinki.Clustering strengthens motivation,incentives, innovation, and enablesexternalities .The mobile applications cluster issustaining Helsinki s Smart City strategy Factor conditions: Demand conditions: Firm strategy: Supporting industries: Broadband, telecoms, Government demand, Companies within Broadband infrastructure, NOKIA, skilled banking ,SMOPEC, global 3G nets, specialized workforce, start-ups transportation, etcmarkets, intense local service providers competitionCompetitions for Open Data apps as strategy for cluster development The Helsinki Regions made available public transportation data Apps4Finland makes data available related to environment and spatial information Competitions and Living Labs as drivers for the M-cluster development 10. Empowerment Examples Thessaloniki: emergence ofdeveloper communities: e-servicesand applications e.g. mobility services Oulu: PATIO (test user communitytool): empower ordinary people toexperiment new services Manchester: Digital City Test-Bed (asa vision) Barcelona: 22@Urban Lab: city asurban lab, pilot programs, use ofpublic spaces, e.g. Open data Helsinki: competitions for innovativeapplications e.g. Apps4Finland;Innovative City program; Open Databusiness development initiatives 11. Smart citizens and Open Data Helsinki examples Tell-on-the-Map Smart city service map-basedorganisation in an Commentary tool, enabling ainnovative dialogueenvironmentbetween citizens and city Exploiting availableinformationApps4Finland competition Idea incubators use city Helsinki Publicdata Apps4FinlandTransportcompetitionVisualised Open interfaces are an Service Map:important step in theopen information channel aboutdevelopment of offices andthe Citys systems services 12. Smart city strategies implementationprospects and bottlenecks: SWOTStrengths Opportunities Cultural heritage, attractiveness Competitiveness of local clusters Development strategies, planning Exploiting service innovation Broadband network deploymentopportunities towards new business Major development initiatives Opportunities for local ICT sectors andentrepreneurship Introducing participatory city planningWeaknessesThreats Top down orientation to planning Economic crisis, lack of resources Lacking attention to concrete needs of Vulnerable business models forcitizens and SMEs sustainability of public sector initiatives Digital gaps Low level of private investment in R&D Lacking orientation on entrepreneurship and innovation Weak policy and funding instruments Weak institutional environments for Impact and benefits measurement technology and innovation 13. Comparing the smart(er) city cases Helsinki ThessalonikiManchesterOuluBarcelonaConceptSmart City Intelligent CitiesUrban City of Social and cluster, MobileregenerationInnovationurban growthStrategies KnowledgeBuilding smartTackling skills TechnologySmart intensivedistricts and divides Ubiquitousdistricts, cluster building Agglomeration ofPro-activeOuluUrban LivingAppsapproachLabDriversStrengthen the ICT and EconomicPolicy andPolicies of city region infrastructuredevelopment strategies of hall; tripledeploymentOuluhelixChallenges Human capitalDigital skills gaps CommonAdapt policyEnhancing base Creativity gapdigital agendainstruments collaboration;Entrepreneurshipto create human capitalgap business/ skills,fundingInnovation Public private InnovationLiving labs and Strong PPPCity hallecosystempartnerships clusterslocal actionprogrammes, leadership; Competition forTechnologytriple helix, Triple Helix innovation districts urban lab models 14. Smart Cities cases - lessons learned Smart city is more an urban strategy than an urban reality. Smart citieswill appear through numerous bottom-up initiatives besides somestrategic planning, and infrastructure development. Top-down planning and bottom-up initiatives should complement eachother. City hall is sometimes dominant. Dilemmas of citizen engagement. Widespread use of pilots is preparing cities for initiative, experiment andlearning Districts, neighborhoods, and clusters are fundamental elements of smartcity strategy, because the city is a system of systems, and cities co-existwithin cities. A smart city strategy involves all actors, organizations, communities, R&D,NGOs, clusters, and authorities. The partnership strategy should achievea common vision, flagship projects, collaboration and synergy. Major challenges for successful smart city strategies deal with skills,creativities, user-driven innovation, entrepreneurship, VC funding, andmanagement of intra-government rivalries. Lack of evidence on impact and effectiveness of smart city strategies. 15. Smart city innovation ecosystemsenabled by common assets Future Internettestbeds as technologyplatforms Smart cities: policies,application pull, publicdata, citizens initiatives Living lab: User-drivenplayground for co-creating and validatinginnovative scenariosand services 16. Examples of evolving smart city innovation ecosystems Bretagne: ImaginLab testbed exploresadvanced applications in living labsetting, offering wide range ofservices, e