Haiti earthquake presentation version 5

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A presentation of a report commissioned by the Knight Foundation on the impact of digital media on relief efforts following the Haiti earthquake.


<ul><li> 1. January 12, 2010:Earthquake in Haiti LEOGANE GRESSIER PETIT GOAVECARREFOUR PORT-AU-PRINCE 40-50% destroyed15% destroyed80-90% destroyed40-50% destroyedPopulation: 2,000,000 Population: 134,000 Population 25,000Population: 254,000 Population: 334,000 500,000 located in 4471,077 people killed 5,000-10,000 people killedmakeshift settlementsHAITI EARTHQUAKE STASTICS 230,000 deaths 200,000 injuries 1,000,000 displacements 2,000,000 in need of food assistance 3,000,000 affected</li></ul> <p> 2. Media Penetration in HaitiRadio ownership in Haiti is virtually universal:97 % of respondents own a working radio.Haitis 9.6 million people possessed only Almost 10 % of Haitians described108,000 landlines in 2009 as "Internet users (142nd in the world per capita) but infrastructure problematic.compared to 3.6 million cell phones.Haitis newspapers have been hampered bythe countrys 52 % literacy rate. 3. Media and Communications Ecosystem 4. Satellite Image of Port-au-Prince 5. Map of Port-au-Prince 6. Tufts-Ushahidi and Mission 4636An ad hoc coalition quickly took shape, anchored by a group of graduate students atTufts University in Boston. 7. Ushahidi-Haiti 8. Mission 4636 The coalition of Haitian diaspora, technology volunteers and companies created a solution to transform crowdsourced data to actionable information. Short Code 4636 provided as free service by Haitian telecom Digicel Over 1000 Creole speaking volunteers translate SMS messages Messages then streamed back torelief groups in Haiti. Two weeks after the earthquake, Crowdflower took over management 9. Mission 4636: SMS Messages SMS toshortcode4636TranslationGeolocationCategorizeVerification MappingReport 10. Example of an SMS Emergency ReportThe following SMS message was sent by a doctor with theTufts/Mission 4636 group to the United States Coast Guard to follow up with assistance.[1/24/10 5:17:47 PM]D. R S-----: Two persons are trapped under the rubble at theCaribbean Market. One of them, Regine M-- - here is using thisnumber: (+1+ 305 --- ---- to call for help.Coordinates: 18.522547, -72.283544.[names withheld to protect privacy] 11. Example of anSMS Message in CreoleThe following SMS message was sent in Creole with the Shortcode 4636 to the Ushahidi platform to follow up withassistance.[1/21/10 23:59]Jodi a fe 4 joumwen pa mange tanprimouingrangoumouinkayyon mounnansain marc rue louverturenumero 75.kowodone: 19.10196, -72.69954[Very rough translation: Today havent eaten for 4 days, please in abasement Saint Marc Rue LOuverture #75] 12. Humanitarian Media Response Local Haitian media helped to connect international organizations to the Haitian public. Humanitarian information engagementin Haiti was notable for its preparedness, speed of response and attempts to integrate into local popular culture. 13. Radio: Signal FMRadio: Access can be shared easily and Haiti has over 250 commercialrelatively cheaply among many people,and community radio stations.serves both literate and illiteratepopulations.Signal FM was the onlyradio station that stayedon the air continuously,broadcasting to anaudience of nearly3 million throughout thecrisis. 14. Humanitarian Media InitiativesInternational organizations supported local humanitarian media initiatives. They included: InternewsIMSAMARC International Federation of Journalists (IFJ)UNESCOReporters sans FrontiersThese groups provided facilities for local journalists, cash grants,and technical equipment and training. 15. ENDK: News You Can UseOn January 21, Internews set up a humanitarian reporting project to report critical information. The show began on 11 stations The show reported on: Water distribution pointsThe show began on 11 stations Status of displaced personscamps Public health advisories The program became available on 27 stations within a few weeks 16. U.S. Marine Corps.22ND Marine Expeditionary UnitCraig Clarke, a civilian analyst for U.S. Marine Corps, worked with crisis mappingplatform Ushahidi, to provide support for Marine rescue units on the ground.Reports from Ushahidi helped Marines: Supply water in a displaced personscamp Distribute devices to sanitize drinkingwater Police areas and ensure barricadeswere not blocking aid from reachingvictims 17. Media and Communications Ecosystem</p>