2010 earthquake haiti

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CMAT deployment to Haiti

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  • 1. An Aid workers perspective

2. Established in Toronto, 2005 inresponse to the Indian OceanTsunami. Volunteer-based, grassroots , non-profit organization Non-religious Non-political Provides emergency medical relief Made up of paramedics, nurses,physicians, rehab, logistics andmore. Charitable tax status granted in2008 3. Beneficiaries: women, children andelderly suffering from naturaldisaster or conflict Emergency medical disasterassessment Medical relief work throughinflatable field hospitals SPHERE accredited(www.sphereproject.org) SPHERE PROJECT: code of conductgoverning effective, humanedistribution of disaster relief toensure under represented andvulnerable groups receive aid. 4. Small, nimble, virtualorganization 6 board members (cross Canadamake-up) 1 part-time Administrator Donated Office Space Major use of internet technologiesto save costs and maximizedeployment speed Searchable electronic database ofnearly 500 medical and non-medical volunteers across Canada 5. Similar organizations: International Red Cross Care World Vision Medcins Sans FrontiersCMAT CANADIAN, EH?!A truly made in Canada national NGOCanadians are VERY generous!5 6. 3 million homeless200,000 dead300,000 injured/ treated.250,000 residences destroyed30,000 commercial buildings destroyedMajor damage to the capitol Port-au-Prince, and other major citiesAmong those killed: Archbishop of Haiti, Government opposition leader, United Nations Head of Mission in Haiti, many international aid workers. 7. 7.0 Mw magnitude earthquake . This magnitude could cause moderate to veryheavy damage even to earthquake-resistantstructures. Occurred inland, approximately 25 kilometresfrom Port-au-Prince Also felt in surrounding countries and regions,including Cuba , Jamaica , Venezuela, PuertoRico , and Dominican Republic. Population approximately 3.5 million people Quake occurred where tectonic plate shiftseastwards 20 mm per year . Geologists indicate the January 2010 quake wascaused by a major rupture of the fault, whichhad been locked for 250 years, gathering stress. The rupture was roughly 65 kilometres long andcaused a shift of 1.8 metres (5.9 ft) 8. A 2006 earthquake study predicted aworst-case scenario of a magnitude7.2 earthquake. The team recommended more "highpriority" studies, as this fault line wasfully locked and had recorded veryfew earthquakes in the preceding 40years. An article published in Haitis LeMatin newspaper in September 2008comments by geologist PatrickCharles to the effect that there was ahigh risk of major seismic activity inPort-au-Prince 9. Haiti is one of the poorest countriesin the Western Hemisphere It is ranked 149th of 182 countries onthe Human Development Index Country is considered "economicallyvulnerable" by the Food andAgriculture Organization. It is no stranger to natural disasters;in addition to earthquakes, it hasbeen struck frequently by hurricanes,which have caused flooding andwidespread damage. The most recent hurricanes to hit theisland prior to the earthquake wereTropical Storm Fay and HurricanesGustav, Hanna and Ike, all in thesummer of 2008, causing nearly 800deaths. 10. Infrastructure, health care,governance were all a challengebefore the earthquake Years of political unrest Significant United Nationspeacekeeping presence Half the children are unvaccinated Only 40% of population haveaccess to health care Significant number of deaths priorto the earthquake were due to HIV/AIDS, as 5% of adult population isinfected. 90% of children suffer fromintestinal parasites Tuberculosis, Malaria and otherdiseases are prevalent. 11. A 6-member assessment team departed Miami on January 16th. 12. Liaised with United Nations, conducted needs assessment, assisted with search and rescue and provided some medical care provided upon arrival. 13. Assessment team found need to be greatest in city of Logne 14. Port au PrinceLogne 15. 29km west of Haitian Capitol Port-au-Prince Approximately 2 hour drive Prior to the earthquake city had a large nursing school. anold hospital, Sainte-Croix (Holy Cross), which had closedtwo years previously. Logne was at the epicenter of the earthquake, and aUnited Nations assessment team found that Logne was"the worst affected area" with 80 to 90% of buildingsdamaged and no remaining government infrastructure. Nearly every concrete structure was destroyed. Thedamage was also reported to be worse than the capital.The military estimated that 20,000 to 30,000 people haddied from the earthquake in Logne. People have congregated in ad hoc squatter camps andrelief has taken longer to reach Logne.[1] 16. 10-person medical team, which was on standby awaiting further instruction mobilized on January 18th, with field hospital and medical supplies. 17. 1 orthopaedic surgeon1 anaesthesiologist2 general practitioners (MD)2 nurse practitioners (NP)4 registered nurses (RN2 advanced care paramedics (ACP)3 primary care paramedics (PCP)1 logisticianLocal volunteer translators and drivers (6-10) 18. Canadian Forces: Army armed protection Navy HMCS Athabaskan 19. First patient was a surprize!! 20. www.canadianmedicalteams.org