THE HAITI EARTHQUAKE 2010 AND CARICOM RESPONSE TO HAITI

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THE HAITI EARTHQUAKE 2010 AND CARICOM RESPONSE TO HAITI. Presentation Outline. Context Setting and The Event The Impact The Response National The Response Regional through CDEMA Lessons Emerging Way Forward Recommendations. THE HAITI EARTHQUAKE 2010 AND CARICOM RESPONSE TO HAITI. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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<ul><li><p>Context Setting and The EventThe ImpactThe Response NationalThe Response Regional through CDEMALessons EmergingWay ForwardRecommendations</p></li><li><p>CONTEXT SETTING AND THE EVENT</p></li><li><p>**Orgamization of American States, Washington DC</p></li><li><p>Poorest country in the Western HemisphereLess than two US$ dollars per day earnedMajority below poverty lineMore than 800,000 affected in 2008 hurricanes151,000 displaced persons</p></li><li><p>On Tuesday January 12, 2009, a 7.3 earthquake shook Haiti at 4:53 p.m. (AST) The epicenter was located at 18.451N, 72.445W The earthquake struck 15 km (10 miles) South West of Port-au-Prince at a depth of 10 km (6.2 miles). 52 aftershocks have been felt ranging from 4.0 5.9.</p></li><li><p>THE IMPACT</p></li><li><p>Deaths 302,977Missing 23,384Injured 310,928 (source: health services)1,514,885 disaster-stricken661,521 internally displaced people (IDP)105,369 houses destroyed, 208,164 houses damagedMore than 1.3 million people living in about 400 camps2 million in need of food and shelter</p></li><li><p>Almost 3 million persons (1/3 population) affected More than 50% of schools severely damagedKey symbols of government destroyedAir and Seaports DamagedInternal and External Migration triggeredCommunication and trafic problemsMechanism for Governance and Coordination overwhelmed.</p></li><li><p>13 Ministries building collapsed, including the Ministry of the Interior and Territorial Collectivities The second premises of DPC was also severely damagedAlternative premises for the EOC were established at Rue DuncombeThe West Departmental Coordination premises also collapsedAll DPC staff affected (families or goods)</p></li><li><p>THE RESPONSE National</p></li><li><p>The National Committee of Civil Protection (SNGRD), headed by the Prime Minister, led the operations . New Governmental Commissions created to manage the crisisDeclaration of the State of Emergency by the President (one week after)DPC accomplished its regular actions and remained at SNGRD disposal through the Minister of the Interior and Territorial Collectivities, according to the National Intervention PlanUN, NGOs, multilateral and bilateral donors provided humanitarian assistance for the victims</p></li><li><p>Mobilisation and CoordinationPost-earthquake scientific assessment (WB)Damage assessment and information management Search and rescueDead bodies management Displacement of people affectedHumanitarian aid (food, water and other goods for the people affected)Shelter and shelter managementProtection and securitySupport to the Governmental Commissions</p></li><li><p>Mobilisation of the National Committee of Civil Protection (SNGRD)Limited establishment of the EOC as a hub for coordination (location and personnel) Non application of the procedures developed by the SNGRDLack of coordination between SNGRD and international partnersResource mobilisation</p></li><li><p>THE RESPONSE Regional through CDEMA</p></li><li><p>100 countries in Haiti relief operationsOver 500 organizations in areaTen thousands of troops and personnelCrowded airport rampCrowded airspace </p></li><li><p>Congestion on ground and airPlenty food and medical supplies but little distributionPoor coordinationNo idea of what comes in and who gets what</p></li><li><p>Haiti new CDEMA member - Sept 09Civil protection system weakOrientation to Regional Response Mechanism in Barbados and Jamaica Jun. and Dec. 2009Assist in National Disaster Management Plan EnhancementResponse coordination limited to CARICOM states support to Haiti</p></li><li><p>Response Mechanism Triggered and Immediate Action UndertakenCoordinated by CDEMA Coordinating UnitFour (4) Sub-regional focal points (SRFP)Jamaica (SRFP) for HaitiCountries coordinate pledges and advise CDEMA Coordinating UnitArrangements made to move/lift pledges </p></li><li><p>Logistics centre established in JamaicaCARICOM base on the groundCARICOM Disaster Relief Unit (CDRU) deployedSpecial Coordinator establishedTechnical experts provided for civil protection supportPartnerships in delivering assistanceRegional Coordination Centre Activated and stood up for six weeks. </p></li><li><p>A team of 10 men from JFB, undertook 15 search and rescue operations 6 lives savedOver 20,000 families in 10 communities initially benefitting from food distribution up to March 2000 over 453,000 tonnesEstimated that another 50,000 is still benefitting from support.Over 125 security escort/convoy protection support provided</p></li><li><p>Assessment and repair of homes for vulnerable elderly , disabled and orphansTechnical Assistance for Strengthening Haiti Civil ProtectionHaiti National Disaster Plan Translated to EnglishGuidelines for Relief Supplies Collection Points, Warehouses &amp; Distribution Centres Developed Guidelines for the Establishment and Running A Camp Site Developed Camps establishedGuidance for Improved Donor CoordinationTents provided to house population of 3,000 persons.</p></li><li><p>A team of 20 health personnel (reaching as much as 26 in rotation periods)Services provided primarily from three (3) fixed locationsThe Centre Sante Bernard MevsCommunity Hospital FreresFood for the Poor compoundMedical outreach (primary health care) in thirteen (13) locations - coupled with relief supply distribution</p></li><li><p>Personnel deployed from across the region totalling 140Led by sub-regional focal point, Jamaica Ministry of HealthBarbados, Bahamas, Saint Lucia and St. Vincent and the Grenadines, JDF militaryOver 12,000 patients treated Triaging, 220 surgical operations major and minor including amputations, backslabs to stabilise fractures, delivering babies including premature and full-term, immunization, ICU recovery and counselling.</p></li><li><p>Limited Intelligence in HaitiMembership not informed by usual capacity assessmentInitial Orientation July (CDEMA), December (Jamaica)Planned membership launch and exercise derailed</p><p>Weak Earthquake PlanningCapacity needs improvementInitial investment through ERCB projectSearch and rescue team establishment (USAR LL)</p></li><li><p>Resource UnpredictabilityEAF US $50,000 High dependence on external donor supportLimited air and sea assets to move resourcesSignificant pressure on CDEMA CU staff for coordination programme delivery impact</p><p>GovernanceProcess for determining nature and scope of CARICOM intervention in HaitiArrangements for meeting costs of SRFP interventions</p></li><li><p>LESSONS</p></li><li><p>DPC will require strengthening to drive risk and disaster management including at departmental level Multi hazards maps to be elaboratedBuilding codes and procedures to be elaborated and publishedEmergency communications must be strengthenedTraining and establishment of more search and rescue teamsNeed to build more hazard resistant shelters throughout the countryCommunication to the population about multidisc and seismic risk in particular must be improved</p></li><li><p>Finalise the framework with Haiti and OCHA to be advanced on the role of CDEMA in global response environment in Haiti</p><p>CDRU DeploymentCapacity issuesEmbedding and equipping</p></li><li><p>Way Forward</p></li><li><p>Institutional Capacity Assessment Multi-hazard Contingency Plan development/review and enhancementDevelopment of community risk profile and toolkit for community-level trainingResults-based management training for Haiti Civil Protection and Government MinistriesStrengthening of communications capability of Haiti civil protectionsStrengthening of arrangements for relief supplies, communications and shelter for hurricane season</p></li><li><p>Project Execution Unit: Disaster Risk Reduction Centre (DRRC), Institute for Sustainable Developmentemail: isd@uwimona.edu.jm telephone: 876 977 5530 or 876 927 1660 xt 2613HTML: http://www.uwi.edu/drrc*</p></li><li><p>Project Coordinator: A. Michael Wood email: rbs_peu@crosq.org telephone: (246) 622-7677HTML: http://www.crosq.org/ *</p></li><li><p>It is expected that within 2 years the CADs will be completed, along with all planned training, consensus building and awareness raising. </p><p>The Standard would be: </p><p>MandatoryNational standards will feed into the CADs and once completed and approved the MS can either adopt of adapt the Regional Standard</p><p>A driver for the sustainable production of services within the CSME</p><p>Accompanied by Incentives (private-public partnership)</p><p>Enforced through Planning Authorities and the establishment of Building Code Authorities</p><p>Applied in Haiti as part of rehabilitation measures </p></li><li><p>Improve capacity for Earthquake Management in CDEMA Participating StatesPURPOSEOUTCOMEACTIVITIES Benchmark earthquake readiness capacity Status of Earthquake Preparedness Assessed in CDERA Participating States Survey the earthquake readiness of CDEMA Participating States Convene a regional forum on earthquakes Report on the status of readiness of the region Formulate a Regional Plan of Action for improving contingency planning Review and enhance earthquake contingency plans and search and rescue capability Capacity for earthquake contingency planning improved Formulate regional Model Earthquake Contingency Plan Plan adapted in four (4) Participating States Plans exercised and evaluated in selected states Plans strengthened through grant assistance Promote Earthquake Awareness Earthquake Awareness and Education developed and implementedDevelop interactive toolkit for schools children Integrate an earthquake readiness webpage within the CDERA website Launch earthquake awareness campaign throughout the region</p></li><li><p>Recommendations</p></li><li><p>Strengthen CDEMA CU and RRM for multi-hazard response and multi-island impact Increase allocation of EAF to US $200,000Promoting the architecture for the application of the Security Assistance Treaty for hazard generated crisis.Lobby for the initiation of a UN dialogue on Humanitarian Reform.</p></li><li><p>Ensure familiarisation with the RRM and examine clearly how the national preparedness arrangements interface with the RRM and the international systems.Advance efforts for continuity of GovernmentSafety of leadershipMechanisms for decision makingIntegrity of facilities that house assets and data for key decision makingRevisit the initiative for safer building, especially for critical facilities and a special consideration for safe cities programme</p></li><li><p>THE EARTHQUAKE UNMASKED THE REAL STORY: </p><p>DISASTER MANAGEMENT IS A DEVELOPMENT ISSUE </p><p> A Call for Real Partnership</p></li><li><p>Contact Information:Caribbean Disaster Emergency Management Agency (CDEMA)Building #1, Manor LodgeLodge Hill, St. Michael, BarbadosTel.: (246) 425-0386Fax: (246) 425-8854Website: www.cdera.orgQuestions?</p><p>**The scale of the destruction of a shallow 7.0 magnitude earthquake impacting a major urban concentration, with poorly built infrastructure, settlements and services justify it being characterized as the biggest humanitarian challenge in recent history. **</p></li></ul>