genres of literature types of fiction 1. traditional- these are the oldest and most...
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GENRES OF LITERATURE
Types of Fiction1. Traditional-These are the oldest andmost traditionaltypes of fiction.
Fairy Tales- involve magical elements& make the impossible seem possible
Tall Tales -(ex. Paul Bunyan,Pecos Bill) physical features and deedsare greatly exaggerated
Tall TalesThese exaggerate the characters physical features and powers.For example, the tale may say that Paul Bunyans feet were so large that when he stepped, his footprints formed the lakes.
Folklore general term covering folktales, proverbs, ritual speeches, folk songs, fables, etc. Handed down by word of mouth. Helps members of a culture stay connected to one another.
Fable kind of folklore in which a brief story is used to teach a lesson about human nature.Aesops FablesUsually a fable ends with a moral or lesson.
Characters often animals who speak and act like people.
Giving life characteristics to animals ??Personification
Legends relate amazingevents or accomplishments;are stories known throughouta cultural group. Their heroes may be humans, animals, or even plants, enchanted objects, or forces of nature.
The Legend of Sleepy Hollow
EXAMPLE:The Headless Horseman is the amazing event in this legend.
Myths traditional storiesabout gods and goddesses or how things came to be. These stories usually reflecta cultures religious or other deeply held beliefs.Myth something that isnt true!
Epics extended stories of a heros quest.
Quest a mission or a journey.
2.Fantasy explores unreal worlds of thepast, the present, & the future.
The fantasy element here is the magical water that allows you to live forever and never age.
3.Science Fiction explores imaginary worlds of the past, the present, & the future. Often has characters living in the future or shows people using technology that is not
available today. The characters deal with modern issues & problems; such as prejudice, fear, and isolation.
4.Realistic Fiction The events are not real, factual events BUT theycould have actuallyhappened. It seems veryrealistic.
5.Historical Fiction novel, play, short story, or narrative poem that sets fictional characters against a historical backdrop & contains many details about the period in which it is set.
Nonfiction factual prose writing. Nonfiction deals with real people & experiences.
1.Informational conveys facts and information without introducing personal opinion. Just gives the facts.Example: Textbooks
2.Biography the account of a persons life written by someone else
3.Autobiography Thestory of a persons lifewritten by that person.
4.Memoir a biographical or autobiographical narrative. An account of an event or period emphasizing the narrators personal experience of it.
OVERVIEWLiterature is broken up into 3 categories Poetry, Drama, & Prose.
Prose = Includes Fiction and Nonfiction
Fiction = False or Not TrueNonfiction = Not False or True
Fiction IncludesTraditionalFantasyScience FictionRealistic FictionHistorical Fiction