first aid 1

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EFAW course stage 1

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  • 1. Learning objectivesYou will learn:a. to consider why it is important to learn first aidb. why your own safety must come firstc. to assess if a person is unconsciousd. when and how to put someone in the recovery positione. what to say and do if you make an emergency call.

2. a. to consider why it is important to learn first aid Nicoles story I helped a girl who was choking at the cinema. At the time, I had all sorts of worries Was I doing more harm than good? What if I did something wrong? In the end I decided that if her life was in danger, it was better to do something than do nothing Im glad I got involved now. 3. a. to consider why it is important to learn first aidI felt so proud when the girls Mum phonedto thank me. The doctor said if I hadnt actedso quickly she would have been in a muchworse state.I dont want to think about what would havehappened if I hadnt stepped up! 4. a. to consider why it is important to learn first aid Youre about to see some statements to do with first aid. Do you strongly agree, strongly disagree, or are you somewhere in between? For each statement, put your initials on the arrowSTRONGLYSTRONGLYAGREE DISAGREEB.D.J.C.L.L. T.G.R. 5. a. to consider why it is important to learn first aid If someone needs medical help, its better to wait for an ambulance.STRONGLY STRONGLYAGREEDISAGREE 6. a. to consider why it is important to learn first aid If I needed first aid, Id want someone to help me.STRONGLY STRONGLYAGREEDISAGREE 7. a. to consider why it is important to learn first aidIs helping a stranger dangerous?British Red Cross advisor: It can be. Remember your personal safety is yourpriority. Call an adult, get help if you are not sure you can approach safely.Click for adviceIs first aid very complicated?Firefighter: No. Just opening an airway or putting someone on their side in Click for advicethe recovery position can make all the difference. 8. a. to consider why it is important to learn first aidHow do I know Ill ever need to use first aid?British Red Cross adviser: Every year 3 million people go to A&E foraccidents and injuries that first aid for advicecan benefit. If someone does Click treatmentneed your help, its likely to be someone you know and love.Can you be sued for getting it wrong?Lawyer: as long as you do your best to help someone who needs it, youshould have no need to be worried forthis respect.Click in advice 9. a. to consider why it is important to learn first aid When some scaffolding collapsed, Sam saw it happen A builder was lying still in the dust. His mate was stumbling around stunned. There was blood pouring from his arm. A young woman had been passing. She had been hit by a piece of falling scaffolding. She was yelling that her arm was broken. Her baby was screaming in its push chair.Who was the most important person there? answer on next slide 10. b. why your own safety must come firstSam was the most important person there. All the casualties (injuredpeople) were depending on him. He had to put his own safety first If theres danger, keep well back. Call 999 at once. 11. b. why your own safety must come first Sam was the most important person there. All the casualties (injured people) were depending on him. He had to put his own safety firstYou must stay calmAnd check for danger! Sam had to put his own safety first 12. b. why your own safety must come firstUse the whiteboard pen to circle all the dangers you can spot! water around steam cable dangerscaldingof danger electrocution wet floor slipping danger sharp bits of brokenchinaclick for answer 13. c. to assess if a person is unconsciousSimons storyI was at a gig when this bloke in frontjust keeled over.I felt I should get involved but I didnthave a clue what to do.Lucky for him, there was a girl in thecrowd who knew exactly how to help.I remember thinking, I wish I knewabout stuff like that... 14. c. to assess if a person is unconsciousYou spot someone lying onthe pavement in the streeton your way home from theshops. What questions wouldyou ask yourself?> write a list> put your actions in orderof importance> check your list with the one on the next slide. 15. c. to assess if a person is unconsciousWhat questions would you ask yourself?> Is it safe for me to approach the person? Is the person just asleep or drunk or fallen over? Why has no one else stopped?Remember:D is for Danger> Are they conscious? Can they hear my voice when I ask if theyre ok? Do they respond when I gently shake their shoulders?> If not, assume theyre unconscious. R is for Response 16. c. to assess if a person is unconsciousIf the person doesnt respond, shout for help.Then open his or her airway so you can check if they are breathing Place your hand on the casualtys forehead and gently tilt the head backwards. Place two fingers on the tip of the casualtys chin and lift the chin.A is for Airway 17. d. when and how to put someone in the recovery positionWhen someones unconscious, the tongue goes floppy and can fall to the backof the throat. This may prevent air getting through. 18. d. when and how to put someone in the recovery positionBut when the head is tipped back, the tongue is pulled forward, allowing air through.Simply opening the airway like this can save a life because it allows them to breathe. 19. d. when and how to put someone in the recovery position How to check if someones breathing. What three senses could you use? Click to see.Look along the body to Listen for breathing.see if the 1 chest isPut your 3 close toearmoving up and down.unconscious persons mouth and nose.Feel for breath on your 2cheek.Check for ten secondsB is for Breathing 20. d. when and how to put someone in the recovery positionThis video clip shows you how to put someone in the recovery position. Watch the clip twice.Now its your turn to try 21. e. what to say and do if you make an emergency callHello?Which service doyou require? Ambulance Connecting you nowWhat will Sam be asked next? answer on next slide 22. e. what to say and do if you make an emergency call> whats your name?> what number are you calling from?> where are you? (Not sure? Describe landmarks.)> what has happened?> how many people have been hurt?> is anyone unconscious?> has anyone stopped breathing?> is anyone bleeding if so, how badly?> are there any other hazards or dangers around? 23. PlenaryThe main points again> check for danger> try to get a response> open airway> check for breathing> if the casualty is breathing normally, put them in the recovery position> call 999 for ambulance. 24. Find out moreYouve completed this lesson on the recovery position.Test your knowledge in our interactive quiz, or find out more with one ofthese activities Interactive Figure I was at a gig when drawingthis bloke in front just quizPut a friend keeled over in the What happened next? recovery Finish the story. position. Sketch your friend.

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