Equine Breeds Equine Science & Technology. Equine Breeds Feral- a horse that was once domesticated and has become wild. A breed of horse may be defined

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<ul><li> Slide 1 </li> <li> Equine Breeds Equine Science &amp; Technology </li> <li> Slide 2 </li> <li> Equine Breeds Feral- a horse that was once domesticated and has become wild. A breed of horse may be defined as a group of horses having a common origin and possessing certain well-fixed distinctive, uniformly transmitted characteristics that are not common to other horses. </li> <li> Slide 3 </li> <li> Equine Breeds Draft horses are large and usually 14 to over 17 hands in height and over 1,500 lb. in weight. They are sometimes referred to as cold-blood horses. The term refers to the quiet, calm temperament of these breeds. </li> <li> Slide 4 </li> <li> Draft Horse Breeds Belgian The Belgian breed originated in Belgium. Directly descended from the Old Flemish ancestry. Bay, chestnut, and roan are the most common colors. The Belgian is noted for its draftiness, being the widest, deepest, most compact, most massive, and lowest set of any draft breed. </li> <li> Slide 5 </li> <li> Equine Breeds Clydesdale This Scotch breed of draft horse derives its name from the valley of the River Clyde, located in Scotland. Weight ranges from 1,600 to 2,400 lbs. and stands from 16 to 19 hands in height. The breed is known for a moderate amount of fine feather or long hair at the rear of the legs below the knees and hocks. </li> <li> Slide 6 </li> <li> Equine Breeds Clydesdale Bay and brown, with white markings are the most characteristic colors. </li> <li> Slide 7 </li> <li> Equine Breeds Percheron TThe Percheron originated in northwestern France, in the ancient district of La Perche. MMost Percherons are black or gray, with an occasional bay or chestnut. PPercheron is noted for its handsome clean-cut head, excellent temperament, and longevity. </li> <li> Slide 8 </li> <li> Shire TThe Shire breed originated on the low, marshy lands of East central England. TThe great size and bulk of this breed are derived directly from the Great Horse of the Middle Ages. TThe Shire is taller than any other draft breed. CCommon colors are bay, brown, and black with white markings. </li> <li> Slide 9 </li> <li> A light horse is usually 12 to 17 hands in height and weighs 900 to 1,400 lbs. They are usually used for riding, showing, and racing. A pony, on the other hand is smaller, usually less than 14.2 hands and weighing 500 to 900 lbs. </li> <li> Slide 10 </li> <li> Pony Breeds Haflinger Shetland Welsh Pony Dales Pony Exmoor Pony Haflinger Exmoor Pony Dales Pony </li> <li> Slide 11 </li> <li> Equine Breeds American Walking Pony Breed originated near Macon, Georgia from a foundation cross of Tennessee Walking Horse and Welsh Pony. Used for pleasure riding and as mounts for children and small adults. All colors accepted. </li> <li> Slide 12 </li> <li> Equine Breeds Shetland Pony Native to the Shetland Islands, which lie 100 miles north of Scotland. One of the oldest breeds in existence All colors accepted. </li> <li> Slide 13 </li> <li> Equine Breeds Light Horse Breeds AAkhal-Teke AAmerican Crme Horse AAmerican Curly AAmerican Mustang AAmerican Walking Pony AAmerican Warmblood Akhal-Teke American Mustang </li> <li> Slide 14 </li> <li> Equine Breeds Light Horse Breeds AAppaloosa AArabian BBuckskin CCleveland Bay CCracker Horse DDutch Warmblood Arabian Buckskin Cleveland Bay </li> <li> Slide 15 </li> <li> Equine Breeds Light Horse Breeds Hackney Lipizzan Miniature Horse Missouri Fox Trotter Morab Morgan Norwegian Fjord LipizzanMorgan Norwegian Fjord </li> <li> Slide 16 </li> <li> Equine Breeds Light Horse Breeds PPaint PPalomino PPaso Fino PPinto PPony of the Americas QQuarter Horse SSaddlebred Paso FinoSaddlebred </li> <li> Slide 17 </li> <li> Equine Breeds Light Horse Breeds SSelle Francais SStandardbred DDan Patch Story TTennessee Walking Horse TThoroughbred TTrakehner Selle Francais </li> <li> Slide 18 </li> <li> Equine Breeds The males of the ass family are called jacks, and the females jennets. Asses are also commonly known as donkeys, burros, or jackstock. Long-Eared Breeds Mammoth Ass Standard Donkey Miniature Donkey Mule Miniature Donkey </li> <li> Slide 19 </li> <li> Equine Breeds Appaloosa Originated in the United States- in Oregon, Washington, and Idaho from animals that first came from Central Asia. Ancestors of the Appaloosa were introduced into Mexico by the early Spanish explorers. For many years Appaloosa horses were owned by the Nez Perce`. </li> <li> Slide 20 </li> <li> Equine Breeds Appaloosa Appaloosas may be black, bay, brown, chestnut, white with dark spots over the loin and hips, white with dark spots over the entire body, or mottled dark and white, or with white spots over a dark body. The eye is encircled by a white sclera, and the hooves are stripped vertically black and white. </li> <li> Slide 21 </li> <li> Equine Breeds Arabian TThe foundation stock of the Arabian horse was obtained from either the Egyptians or the Libyan tribes of northern Africa. OOldest breed of horses, and the foundation head of all other light horse breeds. DDevelop in the desert country of Arabia. TThe Arabian breed is medium to small in size, has a beautiful head and great endurance. </li> <li> Slide 22 </li> <li> Arabian Predominating colors are bay, gray, and chestnut, with an occasional white or black. </li> <li> Slide 23 </li> <li> Equine Breeds Morgan KKnown as the first family of American horses. TThe early development of the breed took place in the New England states. SStandard colors are bay, brown, black, chestnut; and white markings are not uncommon. TThe breed is noted for easy keeping qualities: stamina, docility, beauty, courage, and longevity. MMorgan blood was used in laying the foundation of many breeds. </li> <li> Slide 24 </li> <li> Quarter Horse Quarter horses originated in the United States. The Quarter horse is an ideal stock horse. The most predominant colors of the breed are chestnut, sorrel, bay, and dun. Palominos, blacks, browns, and roans are not uncommon. </li> <li> Slide 25 </li> <li> Equine Breeds Quarter Horse Animals are disqualified for registration if they have paint, pinto, appaloosa, or albino coloring. </li> <li> Slide 26 </li> <li> Equine Breeds Thoroughbred TThe history of the thoroughbred had its beginning in the 17 th century, though the original lineage of the breed is as old as civilization. AAll U.S. Thoroughbreds are registered in the Jockey Club, established in 1894. Membership in the club is by election. TThoroughbreds are bay, brown, chestnut, black, or less frequently gray. </li> <li> Slide 27 </li> <li> Thoroughbred About one-third of the nations Thoroughbreds are bred in Kentucky. Racing and the unquestioned value of the Thoroughbred for crossbreeding purposes assure the breed a bright future. </li> <li> Slide 28 </li> <li> Equine Breeds Paint Horse TThe paint horse represents a combination of breeding, conformation and color. PPaint horses originated in the United States. PPaint horses are distinguished by two color patterns- they must either be overo or tobiano. MMost tobianos have color on the head, chest and flanks and some in the tail. The legs are nearly always white. </li> <li> Slide 29 </li> <li> Paint Horse The overo often has jagged or lacy-edged white markings, mostly on the midsection of the body and neck area. Overo Tobiano </li> <li> Slide 30 </li> <li> Equine Breeds Buckskin Buckskin horses originated in the United States largely from horses of Spanish extraction. Buckskin is a shade of yellow that may range from gold to nearly brown-dun, red dun, or grulla (mouse dun). The Buckskin is primarily a color breed with no particular type favored. </li> <li> Slide 31 </li> <li> Equine Breeds Palomino The word palomino implies a horse of a golden color, with white, silver, or ivory mane and tail. Originally, Palominos were not considered either a breed or a type but simply as a color. Palomino horses originated in the United States from animals of Spanish extraction. </li> <li> Slide 32 </li> <li> Equine Breeds Palomino Palominos are used as a stock, parade, pleasure, saddle, and fine harness horses. </li> <li> Slide 33 </li> <li> Equine Breeds Tennessee Walking Horse Early settlers from Virginia brought the sturdy original saddle stock to Tennessee. The breed represents an amalgamation of the Thoroughbred, Standardbred, Morgan, and American Saddlebred breeds. A great array of colors exists, including sorrel, chestnut, black, roan, white, bay, brown, gray, and golden. </li> <li> Slide 34 </li> <li> Equine Breeds Tennessee Walking Horse An ideal horse for the amateur or the person who rides infrequently. </li> <li> Slide 35 </li> <li> Equine Breeds Miniature Horse The miniature horse is a small model of a full sized horse; it is not a dwarf. Miniatures horses were used in England and Northern Europe to pull ore carts in the coal mines as early as 1765. They were also bred as pets for some of the royal families of Europe. Miniature horses cannot exceed 34 in. in height at the withers. </li> <li> Slide 36 </li> <li> Equine Breeds Miniature Horse All colors are accepted. </li> <li> Slide 37 </li> <li> Equine Gaits A gait is a particular way of going, either natural or acquired which is characterized by a distinctive rhythmic movement of the feet and legs. Walk AA natural slow, flat footed, four beat gait. IIt should be springy, regular, and true. </li> <li> Slide 38 </li> <li> Trot AA natural two-beat, diagonal gait in which the front foot and the opposite hind foot take off at the same split second and strike the ground simultaneously. TThere is a brief moment when all four feet are off the ground and the horse seemingly floats through the air. TThis gait varies considerably according to breed and training. </li> <li> Slide 39 </li> <li> Canter (Lope) The canter is a slow, restrained, three-beat gait in which the two diagonal legs are paired, thereby producing a single beat that falls between the successive beats of the other unpaired legs. In the show-ring the lead should be toward the inside of the ring. Thus when traveling to the left, the front leg should lead (the horse is on the left lead). </li> <li> Slide 40 </li> <li> Equine Gaits Run (Gallop) TThe run or gallop is a fast, four beat gait in which the feet strike the ground separately- first one hind foot; then the other hind foot; then the front foot on the same side as the first hind foot; then the other front foot, which decided the lead. IIn executing the gallop, the propulsion is chiefly in the hindquarters. </li> <li> Slide 41 </li> <li> Pace The pace is a fast, lateral two-beat gait in which the front and hind feet on the same side start and stop simultaneously. The feet rise very little above the ground. The pace is faster than the trot but not so fast as the run or gallop. </li> <li> Slide 42 </li> <li> Equine Gaits Movement Defects The feet of an animal should move straight ahead and parallel to a centerline drawn in the direction of travel; any deviations from this way of going constitute defects. Forging The striking of the forefoot by the toe of the hind foot. </li> <li> Slide 43 </li> <li> Equine Gaits Movement Defects Paddling Throwing the front feet outward as they are picked up. This condition is predisposed in horses with toe-narrow or pigeon-toed standing positions. </li> <li> Slide 44 </li> <li> Equine Gaits Pounding AA condition in which there is a heavy contact with the ground in contrast to the desired light, springy movement. DDefects in conformation that shift the horses center of gravity can lead to pounding. Rolling EExcessive lateral shoulder motion, characteristic of horses with protruding shoulders. </li> </ul>