City development plan of varanasi

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<p>PowerPoint Presentation</p> <p>MALVIYA NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGYJAIPUR</p> <p>CDP OF VARANASI 2011</p> <p>PLANNING STUDIO (1ST YEAR M.PLAN)</p> <p>SANKET VATS</p> <p>SUBMITTED BY:DR. NAND KUMARGUIDED BY:</p> <p>demography</p> <p>The present area under Municipal Corporation of Varanasi (MCV) jurisdiction is 79.79 sq km with a population of 1.2 million in 2001. Owing to its rich tourism potential, the estimated daily flow of tourists and pilgrims to the city is 25,000.Population density</p> <p>Sex ratioAs per the census 2001, the current sex ratio (female population per 1000 male) in Varanasi town is 876, which is lower than the state urban average of 885 and national urban average of 901.Average household sizeAs per census 2001, average household size for Varanasi city is 7.3, which is higher compared to the state average of 6.3 and national average of 5. In slum areas, averagehousehold is 10, which is much higher compared to overall town, state and is doubleas compared to National average.Literacy rateAcross districts, Varanasi district has moderate literacy rates (67.2 percent, as per 2001 census). Current total literacy rate within the MCV area is high (72 percent) as compared to state urban average of 56.3 percent and national urban average of 70.1 percent but low as compared to the prevalent literacy rates in the other cities</p> <p>Ward wise density</p> <p>More than 600</p> <p>400-600</p> <p>250-400</p> <p>Less than 250Density ( people/ Hec)-</p> <p>Population projections</p> <p>Key issueAlthough there is a sharp decline in percentage population growth compared to previous decades there is an absolute increase in population of Varanasi during the last decade. This is due to natural growth and migration of people from surrounding areas in search of job.The migrant population is likely to increase the demand for housing particularly EWS/LIG. If not planned for this section of population then slums or unplanned growth will be expected.The growth in population is also likely to stress already stressed public transport and will have impact on other services.</p> <p>Economic base</p> <p>Small and medium scale industrial</p> <p>WEAVING INDUSTRIAL ZONEINDUSTRIAL</p> <p>Small and medium scale industrial</p> <p>EMPLOYMENT OF DIFFERENT INDUSTRIES</p> <p>The city of Varanasi has grown along the arc of Ganges with River Ganga as a focal point in one direction and growth of the city taking place in semi-circular direction. The city has a radial development pattern with areas like BHU, Manduadih, Sheopur and Sarnath emerging as new growth centres in all directions. Over a period of time, with the inclusion of a large number of villages and urban settlement, the city development has resulted in irregularly shaped built up areas along peripheries of the central areas of the city. The coming up of the Diesel Locomotive works and residential colonies over an area of 250 ha in the Southwest and the Soda Ash factory along the GT road in the East mark the development around the rural city fringe.</p> <p>CITY DEVELOPMENT AND LAND USE</p> <p>LAND USE OF PREVIOUS MASTER PLAN</p> <p>LANDUSE PATTEN OF PREVIOUS MASTER PLANAs per this Master Plan of Varanasi, total area under planning jurisdiction was 14494.40 hectors for 1991.Out of this total, developed area was 11662.34 ha, and is 80% of total area. Remaining 20% area is under agricultural belt around the city. Out of the total developed area residential use constitutes maximum of 38% area (i.e. 5457.24 ha) followed by parks and playgrounds, which constitute 19% (i.e. 2705.76 ha).</p> <p>LAND USE OF EXISTING MASTER PLANLANDUSE PATTEN OF EXISTING MASTER PLANVaranasi Development Authority (VDA) has prepared a Master Plan 2011 for the future development of the city, which states that total area of the city will increase from 14494.40 ha to 17927.22 ha.</p> <p> Considerable change in residential land use, which in the existing Master Plan account for almost 52% of the total land use.Industrial area constitute on 3.66% of total land use, which has been drastically reduced by almost 46%. Industrial and commercial land use together account for marginally over 7% of the total land use.</p> <p>The total area under tourism/heritage is at alarmingly low levels (less than 3%),compared too similar placed cities are 6%.it can be seen from the above tables that there is reduction in the agricultural land use, which depicts that rural agricultural land on the fringe and suburbs are gradually being used up for building new colonies.</p> <p>COMPARISION OF PREVIOUS AND EXISTING MASTER PLAN LAND USE</p> <p>CITY CHARACTERSTIC ZONES</p> <p>CORE CITYCENTRAL CITYPERIPHERAL CITYINSTITUTIONS</p> <p>HOUSEHOLD DENSITY</p> <p>HOUSING SHORTAGE</p> <p>PROJECTED HOUSING SHORTAGE</p> <p>NEW HOUSING SCHEMES BY VDA</p> <p>PROJECTED HOUSING SHORTAGE</p> <p>NEW HOUSING SCHEMES BY VDA</p> <p>WATER SUPPLY ZONES</p> <p>WATER SUPPLY SOURCE</p> <p>Water supply system for Varanasi is as old as 100 years when it was introduced in year 1892. It was designed for the population of 2 lacs with a treatment plant of 33mld constructed at Bhelupur.</p> <p>After the introduction of water supply system, the main reorganization of the system was done in 1954 with per capita water supply at the rate of 200 lpcd and the scheme was executed for 4.6lac population.</p> <p>total production of treated/clear water is 280mld and total requirement based on 150 lpcd supply rate is 207mld, is quite higher than the requirement.</p> <p>The town has adequate perennial source of water. The lifeline of the town is River Ganga, which takes care of approximately 45% of the water supplied of the town.50% of the water supplied is met out of 112 deep tube wells operated by Jal Sansthan and remaining 5% is supplied by publicly and privately owned 1559 hand pumps.</p> <p>Transport network of Varanasi</p> <p>NATIONAL HIGHWAYMAJOR ROADINTERNAL ROAD</p> <p>ROAD LENGTH OF VARANASI</p>