BUDDHIST SCRIPTURES The oral and written tradition.

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BUDDHIST SCRIPTURESThe oral and written traditionThe Oral TraditionBuddhas lifetime oral language of Magadhi (Magadha)Advice to Sangha - teach in the language of the peopleSangha had to be proficient in many languagesRecitationsContinuous stream of teachers/studentsThe Oral traditionThree months after the Buddha died The 1st CouncilRajagrahaVen Upali/Ven Ananda100 years later 2nd CouncilVinaya and DhammaListening to chanting and recitation = Pirit (gives protection to the scripture)ChantingNichiren students in Japan chant the title of the Lotus Sutra in Japanese Namu Myotto Renge Kyo I seek refuge in the Lotus SutraTibetan students chant Om Mani Padme Hum Hail the jewel in the LotusIn China, Pure Land Buddhists chant namu Amida Butsu (called the Nembutsu) Praise the Amida BuddhaOral Tradition continuedThe 3rd Council time of AsokaTeaching again recited and agreedVinaya Pitaka and Sutta Pitaka as before but now the Abhidhamma Pitaka added discussions, analysis and explanations of the Buddhas teachings

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