american government and organization ps1301 friday, 10 october
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American Government and OrganizationPS1301Friday, 10 October
QuizShould the Electoral College be Reformed? If so why? If not why not?
Identify and discuss two possible reforms to the Electoral College. What are their advantages/disadvantages?
Public Support for Reforming the Electoral CollegeEliminate Electoral College -- 52%Allocates Electoral College votes based on the popular vote in Congressional districts - 46% agreed with this changeNote: National survey conducted March 26, 2001 to April 9,2001. There were 1500 respondents to the survey, which was a random-digit dialing telephone survey conducted by professional interviewers from Interviewing Services of America, Inc.
The Road to the White House
Presidential Nominations before 1972Delegates sent to conventions were picked by sate and local party leadersThis gave party officials, rather than voters, direct control over who would run for president under the partys bannerThe Conventions were often a mystery as candidates bargained and built coalitions among the party elite in their attempts to win the support of a majority of delegates.
Impact of Reforms Process of nominating candidates is now more candidate centered rather than party centered.
Methods of Selecting Presidential DelegatesCaucusesParty members meet in small groups to select the partys delegates to the national conventionClosed primaryOnly a partys registered votersOpen primaryIndependents and sometimes members of the other partyBlanket primaryVoters are permitted to vote in either partys primary (but not both) on an office by office basis
How States Vary in Selecting Delegates
Front loading70% of all delegates are chosen before the end of MarchBenefits the front runnerBenefits the candidate who can raise the bulk of the money before the nomination processIncreases the importance of the invisible primarythe year prior to the official nomination season when candidates raise money
Beginning Schedule in 2004JANUARY 19, 2004: Iowa - Presidential Caucuses
JANUARY 27, 2004: New Hampshire - Presidential Primary FEBRUARY 3, 2004: Arizona - Presidential Primary Delaware - Presidential Primary Missouri - Presidential Primary New Mexico - Presidential Caucuses Oklahoma - Presidential Primary South Carolina - Presidential Primary FEBRUARY 7, 2004: Michigan - Presidential Caucuses Washington State - Democratic Presidential Caucuses FEBRUARY 8, 2004: Maine - Presidential Caucuses FEBRUARY 10, 2004: District of Columbia - Democratic Presidential Caucuses Tennessee - Presidential Primary Virginia - Democratic Presidential Primary
FEBRUARY 17, 2004: Wisconsin - Presidential Primary
Deck is stacked against challengersHalf of the Republican delegates awarded after the first six weeks. News coverage and public interest fades shortly after the primary season begins
Public Interest in the 2000 Presidential Election
Impact of New Hampshire PrimaryMomentumDepends on expectationsExample of Bill Clinton in 1992McCain in 2000Compact schedule (front loading) can kill the momentum from New Hampshire
Impact of New Hampshire Primary
Opinion about the Candidates
Republican Schedule in 2000
Delegate Selection Rules