75 years of matter wave: louis de broglie and renaissance of the causally complete knowledge

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  • 8/2/2019 75 Years of Matter Wave: Louis de Broglie and Renaissance of the Causally Complete Knowledge

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    arXiv:quant-ph/9911107v1

    25Nov1999

    quant-

    ph/9911107

    25Nov1999

    75 Years of Matter Wave: Louis de Broglieand Renaissance of the Causally Complete Knowledge

    A.P. KIRILYUK*

    Institute of Metal Physics, Kiev, Ukraine 03142

    ______________________________________________________________________________________________

    Mince, discret, secret, Louis de Broglie se tient toujours l'entre de la route qu'il ouvrit et, avec un sourirecourtois de gentilhomme, regarde l'avenir passer.

    Maurice Druon, Prface Louis de Broglie (1973) [16]______________________________________________________________________________________________

    ABSTRACT. A physically real wave associated to any moving particle and propagating in asurrounding material medium was introduced by Louis de Broglie in a series of short notes in 1923 and

    in the most complete form in his thesis defended in Paris on the 25th November 1924. This result,

    recognised by the Nobel Prize in 1929, gave rise to the whole field of the new physics known today as

    quantum mechanics. However, although such notions as de Broglie wavelength and wave-particle

    duality have become conventional in the standard quantum theory, it actually only takes for granted

    (postulates) the formula for the wavelength (similar to other its formally postulated results) and totally

    ignores the underlying causal, physically real and transparent picture of quantum/wave behaviour

    outlined by Louis de Broglie in his thesis and further considerably developed in his later works, in the

    form of double solution and hidden thermodynamics concepts (the first of them is only

    mechanistically imitated within the over-simplified interpretation of Bohmian mechanics, now often

    presented as causal de Broglie-Bohm theory). The payment for such crude deviation from the basic de

    Broglian realism is the absolute domination of the fundamental science by purely abstract, detached from

    reality and mechanistically simplified schemes made of formal symbols and rules that has inevitably led it

    into the deep impasse judiciously described today as the end of science. However, an independent

    approach of the quantum field mechanics (quant-ph/9902015,16, gr-qc/9906077) created recently

    within the universal science of complexity and the related dynamic redundance paradigm

    (physics/9806002) leads to confirmation and natural completion of unreduced de Broglie's resultseliminating all their difficult points and reconstituting the causally complete, totally adequate and

    naturally unified picture of the objective reality directly extendible to all higher levels of the complex

    world dynamics.

    *Address for correspondence: Post Box 115, Kiev-30, Ukraine 01030.

    E-mail: kiril@metfiz.freenet.kiev.ua

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    TABLE OF CONTENTS

    Page

    1. Creation of causal wave mechanics by Louis de Broglie,

    its imitation by the abstract (standard) quantum mechanics,and the deceptive results of the twentieth century scientific revolution 3

    2. The universal science of complexity as the natural completionof the original ideas of Louis de Broglie . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

    2.1. The unreduced dynamic complexity and its imitations . . . . . . . . . .

    2.2. Causally complete undulatory mechanics (quantum field mechanics)as complex dynamics of unreduced interaction between two primalfields . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

    8

    8

    14

    3. Renaissance thinking against the medieval unitarity:

    The lost fight still leads to victory of the unreduced complexity . . . . . . 31

    References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33

    ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

    les progrs de la Science considrs indpendamment de leurs applications ont toujoursrsult d'efforts pour mieux comprendre. Le dsir de comprendre a t l'origine detoutes ses russites. Aussi suis-je aujourd'hui amen penser qu'il convient d'tre trs

    rserv en face de l'affirmation, si souvent rpte par de nombreux physiciens depuis unequarantaine d'annes, suivant laquelle les phnomnes de transition quantiquetranscenderaient, pour employer un mot de Niels Bohr, toute description en termesd'espace et de temps et seraient par suite dfinitivement incomprhensibles. Il me parat

    plus naturel et plus conforme aux ides qui ont toujours heureusement orient la recherchescientifique de supposer que les transitions quantiques pourront un jour tre interprtes,

    peut-tre l'aide de moyens analytiques dont nous ne disposons pas encore, comme des processus trs rapides, mais en principe descriptibles en termes d'espace et de temps,analogues ces passages brusques d'un cycle limite un autre que l'on rencontre trs

    frquemment dans l'tude des phnomnes mcaniques et lectromagntiques non linaires.Plus gnralement je dirai que, quand un processus physique nous parat impossible

    comprendre et reprsenter, nous devons toujours penser que de nouveaux et vigoureuxefforts intellectuels nous permettrons un jour de le comprendre et de le reprsenter.

    Louis de Broglie,Les ides qui me guident dans mes recherches (1965), In [40]

    ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

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    1. Creation of causal wave mechanics by Louis de Broglie,its imitation by the abstract (standard) quantum mechanics,

    and the deceptive results of the twentieth century scientific revolution

    Since a truly revolutionary discovery changing qualitatively the existing basicnotions on the origin of things inevitably enters in antagonistic contradiction with the

    established views, it often appears in an unexpected fashion, from a minor bywayand practically always needs much efforts and time for its full understanding, evenafter the formal acknowledgement by the scholar system of classified knowledge.This general rule is well illustrated by the destiny of the revolutionary discovery ofthe wave properties of particles (and thus the wave-particle duality) initiated byLouis de Broglie in 1923-24, then rather successfully confirmed and formallyrecognised, but remaining profoundly misunderstood and incomplete until the nowfading end of the twentieth century.

    The wave associated to a (moving) material particle, or mobile, wasintroduced by Louis de Broglie in three short notes presented to the French Academy

    of Sciences in September-October 1923 [1-3] (see also ref. [4] for a rsum inEnglish) and in complete form in his historical thesis defended on the 25th November1924 in Paris [5] and preceded by some development of the primary ideas [6-8]. Thethesis was defended with excellence according to the report signed by such prominentscientists as Jean Perrin and Paul Langevin [5]. Most remarkable, however, is the factthat the work of the young researcher contains the whole new outlook, physicallytransparent and confirmed mathematically, on the origin of matter and dynamicbehaviour of its elementary constituents incorporating the formidable synthesis of theemerging ideas of the new physics (relativity and the theory of quanta) and theunreduced conceptual realism of the main branches of the old, classical physics

    (classical mechanics, optics, and thermodynamics).De Broglie shows in his thesis that the relativistic equivalence between massand energy, combined with the necessary fundamental (Planckian) quantization of anyform of energy, imposes the existence of an internal oscillation process within each(elementary) material particle which should naturally develop itself into an extendedwave when the particle moves in the surrounding material (physically real)continuum, so that the internal, localised oscillation of the particle-mobile shouldremain permanently in phase with the oscillations of the propagating wave (or else themotion of such compound wave-particle could not autonomously continue). Thisstatement, designated as the phase accord theorem and based on the profoundlycausal physical picture of the emerging wave-particle duality, leads to the famousmathematical expression for the length, , of that accompanying, or guiding, matterwave, if one demands that the differentrelativistic transformations of the frequency(or the related time flow) of the moving localised oscillation and extended wave donot violate the coherence between them (i. e. actually the physical integrity of thecompound object):

    =h

    mv, (1)

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    where m is the (total, relativistic) mass and v is the classical velocity of the particle.The thoroughly realistic, physically transparent, but non-trivial, and everywherecontinuous synthesis of the hypothesis of quanta and canonical relativity is furtherconfirmed by the author within the independent, and equally causal, derivation basedon unification between the fundamental principles of the classical mechanics and optics(the principles of Maupertuis and Fermat, respectively), combined with the importantadditional involvement of the classical thermodynamics and relativisticelectrodyn