2016 April Biomass Magazine

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Imports and Exports issue PLUS 1st Quarter Biomass Construction Update

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  • MOBILIZING, GLOBALIZINGBioenergy Industry Sizes Up World Resources, Markets

    April 2016

    READ:Why California Biodiesel Imports are RisingPAGE 62

    AND:Domestic Biogas Tech ProvidersOn Competition AbroadPAGE 52

    Upsides, Challenges of Pellet Commodi cationPAGE 34

    www.biomassmagazine.com

    PLUS:Foreign, Stateside Projects Make Headway

    in Q2 Biomass Construction UpdatePAGE 14

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  • APRIL 2016 | BIOMASS MAGAZINE 3

    INSIDE

    APRIL 2016 | VOLUME 10 | ISSUE 4

    Subscriptions Biomass Magazine is free of charge to everyone with the exception of a shipping and handling charge of $49.95 for anyone outside the United States. To subscribe, visit www.BiomassMagazine.com or you can send your mailing address and payment (checks made out to BBI International) to Biomass Magazine Subscriptions, 308 Second Ave. N., Suite 304, Grand Forks, ND 58203. You can also fax a subscription form to 701-746-5367. Back Issues & Reprints Select back issues are available for $3.95 each, plus shipping. Article reprints are also available for a fee. For more information, contact us at 701-746-8385 or service@bbiinternational.com. Advertising Biomass Magazine provides a specifi c topic delivered to a highly targeted audience. We are committed to editorial excellence and high-quality print production. To fi nd out more about Biomass Magazine advertising opportunities, please contact us at 701-746-8385 or service@bbiinternational.com. Letters to the Editor We welcome letters to the editor. Send to Biomass Magazine Letters to the Managing Editor, 308 2nd Ave. N., Suite 304, Grand Forks, ND 58203 or email to asimet@bbiinternational.com. Please include your name, address and phone number. Letters may be edited for clarity and/or space.

    POWER 24 NEWS

    25 COLUMNBiomass Powers Momentum in MaineBy Bob Cleaves

    26 FEATUREStaving Off a SunsetLow natural gas prices, expiration of power purchase agreements (PPA) and price guarantees of continuing PPA, are a few of the factors weighing heavily on Californias biomass power industry.By Bruce Dorminey

    06 EDITORS NOTEA Delicate BalanceBy Tim Portz

    08 BUSINESS BRIEFS

    14 BIOMASS CONSTRUCTION UPDATE

    24

    ON THE COVER:Coillte, Ireland's semistateforestry organization, harvests material that will be hauled to and processed at one of its biomass hubs.

    PHOTO: COILLTE

    PELLETS32 NEWS

    33 COLUMNRoadmap For Pellet Stoves During Cheap Oil, GasBy John Ackerly

    34 FEATUREThe Upside of Commodity StatusWhile trade volumes of wood pellets pale in comparison to corn, wheat or coal, there are clear benefi ts in trade instruments common in larger commodity markets.By Tim Portz

  • FUEL YOUR SUCCESS WITH VERMEER. Vermeer has the products and expertise to assist you throughout the entire biomass supply chain n from field to facility. And its all backed by service and support from your local Vermeer dealer.

    VISIT VERMEER.COM TO LEARN MORE.

    Vermeer, the Vermeer logo and Equipped to Do More are trademarks of Vermeer Manufacturing Company in the U.S. and/or other countries. 2016 Vermeer Corporation. All Rights Reserved.

    VISIT US AT THE INTERNATIONAL BIOMASS CONFERENCE, BOOTH #719

    Field_to_Facility_Final.indd 1 3/1/16 1:44 PM

  • APRIL 2016 | BIOMASS MAGAZINE 5

    BIOGAS50 NEWS

    51 COLUMNFuture Remains Bright for Biogas EnergyBy Amanda Bilek

    52 FEATUREGrowing the Local Home BaseStateside biogas technology suppliers are seeing success in the U.S., despite the experience their European counterparts possess.By Katie Fletcher

    ADVANCED BIOFUELS & CHEMICALS 60 NEWS

    61 COLUMNLeveling the Playing Field For US Biodiesel ProducersBy Anne Steckel

    62 FEATUREImporting to Meet California DemandSeveral factors are leading to a substantial uptick in imports of advanced biofuels into Californiaspecifically biomass-based diesel.By Ron Kotrba

    APRIL 2016 | VOLUME 10 | ISSUE 4

    THERMAL42 NEWS

    43 COLUMNStay of Clean Power Plan: Opportunity for Biomass Industry?By Joel Stronberg

    44 CONTRIBUTIONWoody Biomass in the Inland NorthwestForest restoration projects in the Inland Northwest region could become a major supply of woody biomass for bioenergy, but economically only with the right support and incentives. By David Jackson

    46 CONTRIBUTIONDelivering Renewable Energy From Irish ForestsIrelands well-established forest industry has much to offer to the countrys emerging bioenergy market.By Des OToole

    INSIDEADVERTISER INDEX

    Biomass Magazine: (USPS No. 5336) April 2016, Vol. 10, Issue 4. Biomass Magazine is published monthly by BBI International. Principal Office: 308 Second Ave. N., Suite 304, Grand Forks, ND 58203. Periodicals Postage Paid at Grand Forks, North Dakota and additional mailing offices. POSTMASTER: Send address changes to Biomass Magazine/Subscriptions, 308 Second Ave. N., Suite 304, Grand Forks, North Dakota 58203.

    COPYRIGHT 2016 by BBI International

    TM

    Please recycle this magazine and remove inserts or samples before recycling

    2016 National Advanced Biofuels Conference & Expo 63Advanced Cyclone Systems 21AGCO Corporation 10American Pulverizer Co. 18Andritz Feed & Biofuel A/S 66ASGCO 7ASTEC Bulk Handling Solutions 65Astec, Inc. 2Biotec Energy 28Biotec Energy 36BRUKS Rockwood 47Columbia Specialty Company, Inc 29CPM Global Biomass Group 49CPM Wolverine Proctor, LLC 54Detroit Stoker Company 56EBM Manufacturing 64Elliott Group 13GRYPHON Environmental, LLC 45Hermann Sewerin GmbH 58Hurst Boiler & Welding Co. Inc 48IEP Technologies 30-31International Bioenergy Conference & Exhibition Society 11Iowa Economic Development Authority 22Iowa Northern Railway Co. 37Julio Berkes 19KEITH Manufacturing Company 57Laidig Systems, Inc 17MonitorTech Corporation 70Morbank, Inc 23Orthman Conveying Systems 16PHG Energy 72ProcessBarron 8Rawlings Waste Wood Recovery Systems 42Scientific Dust Collectors 24

    Sigma Thermal, Inc 38SUMA America, Inc 50SWANA Solid Waste Association of North America 67Swedish Exergy AB 68TerraSource Global (Jeffrey Rader) 9Tramco, Inc 20United Sorghum Checkoff Program 39Uzelac Industries 15Varco Pruden Buildings 60Vecoplan LLC 32Vermeer Corporation 4West Salem Machinery Co. 55Williams Crusher 12Yargus Manufacturing, Inc. 69

  • 6 BIOMASS MAGAZINE | APRIL 2016

    A Delicate Balance

    At press time, registrants from 25 countries were signed up for this years International Bio-mass Conference & Expo. Last year, recognizing that as the companion issue for the event, our coverage in the April issue of Biomass Magazine should examine the global nature of the industry, so we fixed our editorial gaze on import and ex-port stories. This year, we returned to that same

    theme, and have found that the biomass market is very much global, both in the nature of its opportunities and its participants.

    This quarters Biomass Construction Update, on page 14, is a rich illustration of the global nature of this business. A careful examination of the 22 projects featured in the update make it clear that foreign marketplaces ultimately lead to installed production capacity stateside. Projects not generating energy products for foreign markets still leverage a global knowledge base, deploying technologies developed outside of the U.S. The impact of a growing industrial wood pellet market is easy to see in projects like Colombo Energy in South Carolina, Blue Sky Biomass in Georgia, and Highland Pellets in Arkansas. In other projects, tech-nologies and expertise are tapped instead of markets. A German engineering and construction has been hired to build a biomass power plant in Hawaii. An Italian firm is the technology provider and constructor for two North American biogas

    plants, a relationship that Katie Fletcher highlights in her page-52 biogas feature Growing the Local Home Base.

    Underpinning, and often complicating, all of this is policy. This issues sto-ries make it clear that while foreign policies, as well as state policies such as those explored in Senior Editor Ron Kotrbas page-62 story, Importing to Meet Cali-fornia Demand, successfully generate real opportunities for domestic producers, they also bring increased foreign interest and competition. Kotrbas story makes it clear that Californias Low Carbon Fuel Standard has led to a dramatic increase in the states biodiesel consumption. In just four years, it has grown 20-fold, and the states inclusion rate, once nominal, now rivals Minnesota and Illinois at just less than 10 percent. Still, biodiesel producers in the U.S. often find themselves outside

    of this rapidly-growing marketplace, watching foreign producers from Argentina and Singapore capture a sizeable portion of