2016 july biomass magazine

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The Emissions, Permitting & Regulatory Compliance Issue PLUS: 2016 Biomass Construction Update

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  • AN EYE ON EMISSIONSEMISSIONSLand ll Gas ProjectMeets California's Rigorous Emissions Regs Page 26

    READ:Diesel Technology ImprovesBiomass Energy Carbon Life Cycle Page 30

    AND:University of Iowa ScoresLandmark Permitting AgreementPage 14

    www.biomassmagazine.com

    July 2016

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    FINAL PELLET MILL MAG BKCOV.indd 1 4/25/14 11:40 AM

  • JULY 2016 | BIOMASS MAGAZINE 3

    INSIDE

    JULY 2016 | VOLUME 10 | ISSUE 7

    Subscriptions Biomass Magazine is free of charge to everyone with the exception of a shipping and handling charge of $49.95 for anyone outside the United States. To subscribe, visit www.BiomassMagazine.com or you can send your mailing ad-dress and payment (checks made out to BBI International) to Biomass Magazine Subscriptions, 308 Second Ave. N., Suite 304, Grand Forks, ND 58203. You can also fax a subscription form to 701-746-5367. Back Issues & Reprints Select back issues are available for $3.95 each, plus shipping. Article reprints are also available for a fee. For more information, contact us at 701-746-8385 or service@bbiinternational.com. Advertising Biomass Magazine provides a specifi c topic de-livered to a highly targeted audience. We are committed to editorial excellence and high-quality print production. To fi nd out more about Biomass Magazine advertising opportunities, please contact us at 701-746-8385 or service@bbiinternational.com. Letters to the Editor We welcome letters to the editor. Send to Biomass Magazine Letters to the Managing Editor, 308 2nd Ave. N., Suite 304, Grand Forks, ND 58203 or email to asimet@bbiinternational.com. Please include your name, ad-dress and phone number. Letters may be edited for clarity and/or space.

    04 EDITORS NOTEPermitting ProgressBy Tim Portz

    06 BUSINESS BRIEFS 08 BIOMASS CONSTRUCTION UPDATE

    POWER 12 NEWS13 COLUMN

    A Simple Regulatory Solution for Biogenic EmissionsBy Bob Cleaves

    14 FEATUREInnovation Breeds InnovationA unique, landmark permitting agreement will allow the University of Iowa to use not only more biomass, but a wider variety.By Tim Portz

    PELLETS 18 NEWS19 COLUMN

    Making Marketing NewsBy Bill Bell

    THERMAL 20 NEWS21 COLUMN

    A Uni ed Renewable Heating and Cooling FrontBy Ben Bell-Walker and Jarrod Petrohovich

    23 CONTRIBUTIONA Brilliant Backup PlanBiomass energy facilities could benefi t greatly from a second line of defense against fi res.By Rachel Gibbons

    BIOGAS 24 NEWS 25 COLUMN

    2022: A Cliff for Clean Fuels and the RFS?By David Cox

    26 DEPARTMENTPermission to PowerMontauk Energy overcame regulatory hurdles to develop a 23-MW landfi ll gas-to-energy project within California's South Coast Air Basin.By Katie Fletcher

    ADVANCED BIOFUELS 28 NEWS 29 COLUMN

    US EPA Back on TrackBy Michael McAdams

    30 FEATUREThe Future of FreightDiesels continue to provide cleaner, more fuel-effi cient and less carbon-intense transportation of goods such as biomass.By Ron Kotrba

    Biomass Magazine: (USPS No. 5336) July 2016, Vol. 10, Issue 7. Biomass Magazine is published monthly by BBI International. Principal Offi ce: 308 Second Ave. N., Suite 304, Grand Forks, ND 58203. Periodicals Postage Paid at Grand Forks, North Dakota and additional mailing offi ces. POSTMASTER: Send address changes to Biomass Magazine/Subscriptions, 308 Second Ave. N., Suite 304, Grand Forks, North Dakota 58203.

    COPYRIGHT 2016 by BBI International

    TM

    Please recycle this magazine and remove inserts or samples before recycling

    ADVERTISER INDEX

    4B Components Ltd. 12Astec, Inc 2Biomass Engineering & Equipment 20D3 Max 35Detroit Stoker Company 17Elemental Air 24Evergreen Engineering 6KEITH Manufacturing Company 16MonitorTech Corporation 7Pellet Fuels Institute 36SWANA Solid Waste Association of North America 5

    14

    30

  • 4 BIOMASS MAGAZINE | JULY 2016

    Permitting Progress

    I never imagined that my stint as an art stu-dent at the University of Iowa would collide in any meaningful way with my career in biomass, but recently, it has.

    Our staff has been closely following the ongoing story of the universitys efforts to dra-matically increase inclusion of biomass fuel at its

    power plant for a couple of years. Currently, the university is cofiring oat hulls with

    coal, but together with Iowa State University, it has been working to establish en-ergy crop production in the area. The bulk of our coverage has centered on those efforts, but for this months issue of Biomass Magazine, dedicated to emissions, permitting and regulatory compliance, I took a close look at the innovative permit-ting approach that the University of Iowa is using to give it the flexibility required

    to efficiently ramp up its biomass program. The university has been awarded the

    state of Iowas very first Plant-wide Applicability Limit permit (PAL), made pos-sible by amendments to the New Source Review protocols in 2002.

    During interviews for my page-14 story, Innovation Breeds Innovation, I learned that the universitys PAL allows the institution to manage the emissions

    from all of its sources against one limit for each of the seven regulated criteria pollutants. There are over 450 sources on campus, and for some context, I asked

    about sources on the other end of the spectrum from the power plant. It was at this point that my past and present collided. One of the smallest emissions sources at the University of Iowa is a student-built, wood-fired kiln operated just once or

    twice a semester, a kiln that, over 20 years ago, I helped fire. And there you have it.

    In her page-26 department Permission to Power, Associate Editor Katie Fletcher outlines how projects that have been built to drive down greenhouse gas

    (GHG) emissions, such as carbon dioxide and methane, must still comply with

    existing air quality regulations, and finds that the two sometimes work at cross pur-poses. Fletchers story focuses almost exclusively on the Bowerman Power landfill

    gas-to-energy facility, highlighting the challenges states have in maintaining cur-rent regulations while working toward emerging GHG reduction and renewable energy goals.

    Senior Editor Ron Kotrbas page-30 feature, The Future of Freight, is a fitting bookend for the issue. In it, he establishes the vital global role that diesel

    fuel plays, and the efforts underway to continue to drive down the emissions as-sociated with its use. Like the other stories in this issue, Kotrbas showcases how

    the biomass industry is working to deliver air quality and environmental benefits

    while also complying with existing regulations.

    TIM PORTZVICE PRESIDENT OF CONTENT & EXECUTIVE EDITORtportz@bbiinternational.com

    EDITORS NOTE

    EDITORIAL

    PRESIDENT & EDITOR IN CHIEFTom Bryan tbryan@bbiinternational.com

    VICE PRESIDENT OF CONTENT & EXECUTIVE EDITOR

    Tim Portz tportz@bbiinternational.com

    MANAGING EDITOR Anna Simet asimet@bbiinternational.com

    SENIOR EDITOR Ron Kotrba rkotrba@bbiinternational.com

    NEWS EDITORErin Voegele evoegele@bbiinternational.com

    ASSOCIATE EDITORKatie Fletcher kfletcher@bbiinternational.com

    COPY EDITOR Jan Tellmann jtellmann@bbiinternational.com

    ARTART DIRECTOR

    Jaci Satterlund jsatterlund@bbiinternational.com

    GRAPHIC DESIGNERRaquel Boushee rboushee@bbiinternational.com

    PUBLISHING & SALESCHAIRMAN

    Mike Bryan mbryan@bbiinternational.com

    CEOJoe Bryan jbryan@bbiinternational.com

    VICE PRESIDENT OF OPERATIONSMatthew Spoor mspoor@bbiinternational.com

    SALES & MARKETING DIRECTORJohn Nelson jnelson@bbiinternational.com

    BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT DIRECTOR Howard Brockhouse hbrockhouse@bbiinternational.com

    SENIOR ACCOUNT MANAGERChip Shereck cshereck@bbiinternational.com

    ACCOUNT MANAGERJeff Hogan jhogan@bbiinternational.com

    CIRCULATION MANAGER Jessica Tiller jtiller@bbiinternational.com

    MARKETING & ADVERTISING MANAGERMarla DeFoe mdefoe@bbiinternational.com

    EDITORIAL BOARD MEMBERS

    Stacy Cook, Koda Energy

    Ben Anderson, University of Iowa

    Justin Price, Evergreen Engineering

    Adam Sherman, Biomass Energy Resource Center

  • JULY 2016 | BIOMASS MAGAZINE 5

    INDUSTRY EVENTS

    SWANAs WASTECON 2016AUGUST 22-25, 2016Indiana Convention CenterIndianapolis, IndianaWASTECON is the premier solid waste industry-focused conference that features the latest news, education, advancements and products to help you achieve success in your business, all in one setting. WASTECON offers opportunities to see whats new in collection, processing, marketing and manage-ment of compost, recyclables and solid waste. Join thousands of industry professionals for training, technical sessions, exhibits and networking opportu-nities. Explore a vari