20151027 Better Biomass workshop Brussels

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  • Better Biomass

    demonstrating sustainability of biomass in bio-based products

  • Workshop agenda

    Overview Better Biomass certification system

    Better Biomass sustainability criteria

    Eneco Bio Golden Raand: Sustainable electricity from residue wood

    Questions

  • Overview Better Biomass certification system

    Background and general structure of the Better Biomass certification system

    What are the sustainability criteria?

    How to get certified?

    How can policy makers, procurers and regulators use the system?

    What is the link with European (CEN) and global (ISO) sustainability standards?

  • Background and general structure of the Better Biomass certification system

  • Booming Biomass

    Biomass is global business

    Large opportunities for new activities in the field of biomass

    Must not be at the expense of other important values for nature, environment and society

    European biomass demand will exceed domestic production

  • Better Biomass certification system

    For solid, liquid and gaseous biomass chains

    Electricity, heating, transport fuel and bio-based products

    Operational since early 2011

    Accreditation by RvA (EA, IAF member)

    European recognition for RED: 31 July 2012

    Harmonized with international standards (CEN & ISO)

  • What are the sustainability criteria?

    Very inclusive definition of sustainability

    Criteria covering People, Planet & Profit

    Broad stakeholder support (industry, academics, policy and NGOs)

    Revision just finalized

  • Scope of certification

  • How to get certified?

    1. Preparation

    a) Membership

    2. Initial audit

    a) phase 1: research and preparation

    b) phase 2: on-site audit and feedback

    3. Granting of certificate

    4. Maintaining certificate

    a) Surveillance audit (annual)

    b) Re-certification (within 5 years)

  • How can policy makers, procurers and regulators use the system?

  • Standardization

    A standard is a voluntary agreement amongst market parties

    All parties concerned

    Agreements based on consensus

    Open & transparent process

    Purposes

    Facilitating trade & interoperability

    Self-regulation

    Health, safety, environment

    Image

  • Many relevant characteristics for bio-based products, including:

    LCA

    Toxicity

    Sustainability of the biomass used

    Bio-based content

    Biodegradability

    Marine biodegradability

    and many more

    Characteristics of Bio-based products

  • Standards and certification

    Application Certification Sustainability

    criteria

    NTA 8080-1 NTA 8080-2

    NTA 8081

    Certifying bodies

    Companies

    Law and regulation

    Policy framework

  • Golden triangle

  • Examples

    Renewable Energy Directive (2009/28/EC)

    Dutch Energy agreement

    Standardization mandate

    M/492 Bio-based products

  • What is the link with European (CEN) and global (ISO) sustainability standards?

  • NTA 8080

    ISO 13065 ISO/PC 248

    EN 16751 CEN/TC 411

    EN 16214 CEN/TC 383

    NEN-EN 16214

    NEN-EN 16751*

    * National adoption after publication of EN 16751

    Mandatory national adoption

    Input in standard

    Standardization activities

  • Overview of applicability

    Biofuels & bioliquids

    Solid & gaseous biomass

    Bio-based products

    ISO 13065 EN 16751

    NTA 8080 | Better Biomass

    EN 16214*

    Level of detail

    PCIs

    Minimum requirements

    Verifiers

    * Only RED sustainability aspects

  • ISO and CEN standards committees

    ISO/PC 248 Sustainability criteria for bioenergy

    CEN/TC 383 Sustainably produced biomass for energy applications

    CEN/TC 411 Bio-based products

  • ISO/PC 248 - Scope

    Standardization in the field of sustainability criteria for production, supply chain and application of bioenergy. This includes terminology and aspects related to the sustainability (e.g. environmental, social and economic) of bioenergy.

  • ISO/PC 248 - Membership

    Blue: Participating members (34 countries) Orange: Observing members (13 countries)

  • ISO/PC 248 - Standards

    ISO 13065:2015, Sustainability criteria for bioenergy

  • CEN/TC 383 - Scope

    Sustainability principles, criteria and indicators including their verification and auditing schemes, for as a minimum, but not restricted to, biomass for energy applications. This includes greenhouse gas emission and fossil fuel balances, biodiversity, environmental, economic and social aspects and indirect effects within each of the aspects

  • CEN/TC 383 - Focus

    Develop standards that allows users to check for the sustainability requirements as laid down by Directive 2009/28/EC (Renewable Energy Directive)

  • CEN/TC 383 - Standards

    EN 16214, Sustainability criteria for the production of biofuels and bioliquids for energy applications - Principles, criteria, indicators and verifiers Part 1 (2012): Terminology

    Part 2 (2014): Conformity assessment including chain of custody and mass balance [TS]

    Part 3 (2012): Biodiversity and environmental aspects related to nature protection purposes

    Part 4 (2013): Calculation methods of the GHG emission balance using a LCA approach

  • CEN/TC 411 - Scope

    Development of standards for bio-based products covering horizontal aspects. This includes consistent terminology, sampling, certification tools, bio-based content, application of and correlation towards life cycle analysis, sustainability criteria for biomass used and for final products, and aspects where further harmonization is needed on horizontal level

  • CEN/TC 411 - Mandate

    Standardization request from the European Commission (M/492)

  • CEN/TC 411 - Standards

    FprEN 16751, Bio-based products - Sustainability criteria [currently under formal vote]

    ISO 13065 has been used as starting point

  • Better Biomass sustainability criteria

  • Themes

    Greenhouse gas emissions

    Competition with local applications

    Biodiversity

    The environment

    Prosperity

    Wellbeing

  • Whats new or improved?

    New developments taken into account:

    Carbon debt

    Cascading of biomass

    ILUC

    Improvements in criteria setting

    Biodiversity

    Socio-economic criteria

    Continual improvement

  • Greenhouse gas emissions

    GHG emission savings

    Land use change

    Wetlands

    Continuously forested areas and other forests

    Peatland

    Excluding use that creates carbon debt

  • Competition with local applications

    Local prices

    Efficient use of raw materials (biomass cascading)

    ILUC low risk [optional]

  • Biodiversity

    Land use change

    Primary forest and other wooded land

    Nature protection areas

    Highly biodiverse grassland

    Creating set-aside areas

    Restoring, preserving and strengthening biodiversity

  • The environment

    Soil quality

    Ground and surface water quality

    Water sources and use

    Air quality

    Waste management

  • Prosperity

    Contributing to local economy

    Recruiting amongst local population

    Contracting local suppliers

  • Wellbeing

    Labour rights

    Working conditions

    Responsible contact with (local) stakeholders

    Land-use rights

    Contributing to wellbeing local population

    Integrity of company

  • ENECO Bio Golden Raand

    Sustainable electricity from residue wood

  • Eneco Bio Golden Raand

    Sustainable electricity from residue wood

    Challenges and experiences

    Generating supply of sustainable biomass

  • www.betterbiomass.com