20151027 Better Biomass workshop Brussels

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Better Biomass demonstrating sustainability of biomass in bio-based products Workshop agenda Overview Better Biomass certification system Better Biomass sustainability criteria Eneco Bio Golden Raand: Sustainable electricity from residue wood Questions Overview Better Biomass certification system Background and general structure of the Better Biomass certification system What are the sustainability criteria? How to get certified? How can policy makers, procurers and regulators use the system? What is the link with European (CEN) and global (ISO) sustainability standards? Background and general structure of the Better Biomass certification system Booming Biomass Biomass is global business Large opportunities for new activities in the field of biomass Must not be at the expense of other important values for nature, environment and society European biomass demand will exceed domestic production Better Biomass certification system For solid, liquid and gaseous biomass chains Electricity, heating, transport fuel and bio-based products Operational since early 2011 Accreditation by RvA (EA, IAF member) European recognition for RED: 31 July 2012 Harmonized with international standards (CEN & ISO) What are the sustainability criteria? Very inclusive definition of sustainability Criteria covering People, Planet & Profit Broad stakeholder support (industry, academics, policy and NGOs) Revision just finalized Scope of certification How to get certified? 1. Preparation a) Membership 2. Initial audit a) phase 1: research and preparation b) phase 2: on-site audit and feedback 3. Granting of certificate 4. Maintaining certificate a) Surveillance audit (annual) b) Re-certification (within 5 years) How can policy makers, procurers and regulators use the system? Standardization A standard is a voluntary agreement amongst market parties All parties concerned Agreements based on consensus Open & transparent process Purposes Facilitating trade & interoperability Self-regulation Health, safety, environment Image Many relevant characteristics for bio-based products, including: LCA Toxicity Sustainability of the biomass used Bio-based content Biodegradability Marine biodegradability and many more Characteristics of Bio-based products Standards and certification Application Certification Sustainability criteria NTA 8080-1 NTA 8080-2 NTA 8081 Certifying bodies Companies Law and regulation Policy framework Golden triangle Examples Renewable Energy Directive (2009/28/EC) Dutch Energy agreement Standardization mandate M/492 Bio-based products What is the link with European (CEN) and global (ISO) sustainability standards? NTA 8080 ISO 13065 ISO/PC 248 EN 16751 CEN/TC 411 EN 16214 CEN/TC 383 NEN-EN 16214 NEN-EN 16751* * National adoption after publication of EN 16751 Mandatory national adoption Input in standard Standardization activities Overview of applicability Biofuels & bioliquids Solid & gaseous biomass Bio-based products ISO 13065 EN 16751 NTA 8080 | Better Biomass EN 16214* Level of detail PCIs Minimum requirements Verifiers * Only RED sustainability aspects ISO and CEN standards committees ISO/PC 248 Sustainability criteria for bioenergy CEN/TC 383 Sustainably produced biomass for energy applications CEN/TC 411 Bio-based products ISO/PC 248 - Scope Standardization in the field of sustainability criteria for production, supply chain and application of bioenergy. This includes terminology and aspects related to the sustainability (e.g. environmental, social and economic) of bioenergy. ISO/PC 248 - Membership Blue: Participating members (34 countries) Orange: Observing members (13 countries) ISO/PC 248 - Standards ISO 13065:2015, Sustainability criteria for bioenergy CEN/TC 383 - Scope Sustainability principles, criteria and indicators including their verification and auditing schemes, for as a minimum, but not restricted to, biomass for energy applications. This includes greenhouse gas emission and fossil fuel balances, biodiversity, environmental, economic and social aspects and indirect effects within each of the aspects CEN/TC 383 - Focus Develop standards that allows users to check for the sustainability requirements as laid down by Directive 2009/28/EC (Renewable Energy Directive) CEN/TC 383 - Standards EN 16214, Sustainability criteria for the production of biofuels and bioliquids for energy applications - Principles, criteria, indicators and verifiers Part 1 (2012): Terminology Part 2 (2014): Conformity assessment including chain of custody and mass balance [TS] Part 3 (2012): Biodiversity and environmental aspects related to nature protection purposes Part 4 (2013): Calculation methods of the GHG emission balance using a LCA approach CEN/TC 411 - Scope Development of standards for bio-based products covering horizontal aspects. This includes consistent terminology, sampling, certification tools, bio-based content, application of and correlation towards life cycle analysis, sustainability criteria for biomass used and for final products, and aspects where further harmonization is needed on horizontal level CEN/TC 411 - Mandate Standardization request from the European Commission (M/492) CEN/TC 411 - Standards FprEN 16751, Bio-based products - Sustainability criteria [currently under formal vote] ISO 13065 has been used as starting point Better Biomass sustainability criteria Themes Greenhouse gas emissions Competition with local applications Biodiversity The environment Prosperity Wellbeing Whats new or improved? New developments taken into account: Carbon debt Cascading of biomass ILUC Improvements in criteria setting Biodiversity Socio-economic criteria Continual improvement Greenhouse gas emissions GHG emission savings Land use change Wetlands Continuously forested areas and other forests Peatland Excluding use that creates carbon debt Competition with local applications Local prices Efficient use of raw materials (biomass cascading) ILUC low risk [optional] Biodiversity Land use change Primary forest and other wooded land Nature protection areas Highly biodiverse grassland Creating set-aside areas Restoring, preserving and strengthening biodiversity The environment Soil quality Ground and surface water quality Water sources and use Air quality Waste management Prosperity Contributing to local economy Recruiting amongst local population Contracting local suppliers Wellbeing Labour rights Working conditions Responsible contact with (local) stakeholders Land-use rights Contributing to wellbeing local population Integrity of company ENECO Bio Golden Raand Sustainable electricity from residue wood Eneco Bio Golden Raand Sustainable electricity from residue wood Challenges and experiences Generating supply of sustainable biomass www.betterbiomass.com