windshield and walking surveys. windshield surveys are systematic observations made from a moving...
Post on 01-Apr-2015
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Windshield and Walking Surveys Slide 2 Windshield surveys are systematic observations made from a moving vehicle. Walking surveys are systematic observations made on foot. What are windshield and walking surveys? Slide 3 Why would you conduct windshield or walking surveys? 1. Windshield or walking surveys give an objective view of the community. 2. They can be adapted to community-based participatory action research, inviting community participation. 3. They may allow you to see assets that community members take for granted or dont see. 4. They can be the easiest and quickest way to get an overview of the entire community. Slide 4 5. They allow clear comparisons among different neighborhoods in a city, villages in a rural area, etc. 6. They can be very useful in understanding specific aspects of a community. 7. They give you a feel for the community. Why would you conduct windshield or walking surveys (continued)? Slide 5 When you conduct a survey depends on your purpose in doing so: If the information youre gathering is geographic or physical where things are located, what housing is like then the survey can be conducted anytime. If you want to understand how people use the community, you have to conduct your survey at times perhaps a number of different times when theyre likely to be engaged in the activities youre interested in. You may have to do a number of surveys at different times of the day, week, and/or year to find out what you want to know. When should you conduct windshield or walking surveys? Slide 6 A small urban neighborhood or rural village might be adequately surveyed in a day by a single person. A large city might require several days by several teams of observers. If youre engaged in participatory research, you might organize observers in teams, each of which has representatives of several different stakeholder groups different ages, cultures, ethnicities, income levels, community sectors (business, government, health and community services), etc. Who should conduct windshield or walking surveys? Slide 7 If the survey is to be done within your organization, you might consider using teams composed of folks from different parts of the organization (line staff, administrators, support staff, etc.) or from different locations. Consider safety when assigning particular people to particular neighborhoods, and when deciding whether individuals or teams should conduct the survey. Who should conduct windshield or walking surveys (continued)? Slide 8 General guidelines for both windshield and walking surveys 1. Determine who will conduct the survey. 2. Decide on the questions you want your survey to answer. 3. Decide on the areas youll include in your survey. 4. Decide when youll conduct your survey. How do you conduct windshield or walking surveys? Slide 9 5. Train the people who are going to conduct the survey in the following strategies: Get well acquainted with your questions, the purpose of the survey, and what youre looking for Make and use a checklist to ensure that you address all your questions, and observe all the areas you want to Try to be unobtrusive Carry identification Take notes as you go along If youre working in teams, assign roles Discuss your findings as you go Pay attention to safety How do you conduct windshield or walking surveys (continued)? Slide 10 6. What to examine in a general community assessment survey: Environmental quality Race/ethnicity Faith communities Health services Community and public services Community safety Public schools Higher education Political activity Community organizations Media Differences among neighborhoods or areas of the community The feel of the community Housing Other buildings Public spaces Parks Culture and entertainment Streetscape Street use Commercial activity Signs Industry Land use Infrastructure Public transportation Traffic How do you conduct windshield or walking surveys (continued)? Slide 11 1.Use a map 2.If you can, try to use a team of at least two 3.Drive at a moderate speed, and avoid unexpected actions 4.Drive both on major and minor streets, particularly in residential neighborhoods 5.Pull over at regular intervals to make and compare notes 6.Try to be inconspicuous Guidelines for a windshield survey Slide 12 1.Study a map beforehand, or do a drive-through so youll know where youre going. 2.Again, it can be helpful to work in teams. 3.If you want to experience the community, take part in everyday activities. 4.Go inside public buildings and cultural institutions. 5.Sit down in a quiet place to take notes. Guidelines for a walking survey Slide 13 Sometimes, the best survey can be a combination of walking and driving. Analyze what youve seen and decide how to use the information. Windshield and walking surveys