truck drivers .2012-02-21 · truck drivers guide book ... will need to comply with state and...

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  • T R U C K D R I V E R SG U I D E B O O K

    OHIO STATE HIGHWAY PATROLO f f i c e O f f i e l d O p e r at i O n slicensinG and cOMMercial standards sectiOnM O T O R C A R R I E R E N F O R C E M E N T U N I T

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    This book has been prepared as a guide to applicable laws and regulations. State law may be more restrictive than Federal Regulations. For specific questions, please refer to the applicable local, state and federal laws and rules themselves. If you need an explanation or clarification of any law or rule, you should contact the appropriate agency.

    Available online at www.statepatrol.ohio.gov.

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    T R U C K D R I V E R SG U I D E B O O K

    General information ....................................................................................................... 4

    contact information ....................................................................................................... 7 Ohio state Highway patrol, Motor carrier enforcement Unit

    district Headquarters & scale locations ............................................................... 7

    platform scale facility .............................................................................................. 8

    state of Ohio agencies & departments ................................................................. 9

    United states federal agencies .............................................................................. 9

    trade associations ..................................................................................................... 9

    Vehicle registration & Motor fuel tax ...................................................................... 10

    definitions ...................................................................................................................... 11

    commercial driver license (cdl) ............................................................................... 13

    drivers Hours of service property-carrying commercial Motor Vehicles................................................. 16

    passenger-carrying commercial Motor Vehicles ..............................................20

    inspection, repair & Maintenance .............................................................................23

    safety devices ...............................................................................................................25

    Brakes ..............................................................................................................................26

    load securement ..........................................................................................................28

    Wheel protectors ..........................................................................................................30

    Vehicle size .................................................................................................................... 31

    Motor Vehicle Weight law ..........................................................................................33

    Motor Vehicle Weight law exceptions .....................................................................36

    Bridge formula definitions .........................................................................................38

    Bridge formula examples ...........................................................................................39

    interstate Bridge formula reference chart Orc 5577.04B .................................40

    non-interstate Weight formula ................................................................................. 41

    non-interstate Weight formula reference chart Orc 5577.04d ......................42

    Ohio State Highway PatrolOffice of Field OperationsLicensing and Commercial Standards SectionMotor Carrier Enforcement Unit

  • General Information

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    The size of a commercial motor vehicle (height, width, length, weight, weight rating) will determine to what degree you will need to comply with state and federal safety regulations. These rules and regulations are found in the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Regulations (FMCSR) and the Ohio Revised Code (ORC). Carriers and drivers should become familiar with these publications to better understand their compliance requirements.

    VEHIcLE IdEnTIfIcATIOn

    regulations require motor vehicles used in commerce to be marked with certain informa-tion on both sides of the vehicle in letters that contrast sharply with the background and must be legible from a distance of 50 feet (while the vehicle is stationary).

    Intrastate for-hire carriers operating vehicles with a gross vehicle weight rating (GVWr), gross combination weight rating (GcWr), gross vehicle weight (GVW), or gross combination weight (GcW) greater than 10,000 pounds must be marked with the following information: Companyname;andeither:

    - pUcO number issued by the public Utilities CommissionofOhioprecededbyPUCO;or

    - identification number issued by the federal Motor carrier safety administration preceded by UsdOt.

    Interstate for-hire and private carriers operating vehicles with a GVWr, GcWr, GVW, or GcW over 10,000 pounds must be marked with the following information: Companyname;and

    IdentificationnumberissuedbytheFederalMotor carrier safety administration preceded by UsdOt.

    ORc 4511.213 MOVE-OVER LAW

    (a) the driver of a motor vehicle, upon approaching a stationary public safety, an emergency, or a road safety vehicle that is displaying a flashing red light, flashing combination red and white light, oscillating or rotating red light, oscillating or rotating combination red and white light, flashing blue light, flashing combination blue and white light, oscillating or rotating blue light, or oscillating or rotating combination blue and white light, shall do either of the following:

    (1) if the driver of the motor vehicle is traveling on a highway that consists of at least two lanes that carry traffic in the same direction of travel as that of the drivers motor vehicle, the driver shall proceed with due caution and, if possible and with due regard to the road, weather, and traffic conditions, shall change lanes into a lane that is not adjacent to that of the stationary public safety vehicle.

    (2) if the driver is not traveling on a highway of a type described in division (a)(1) of this section, or if the driver is traveling on a highway of that type but is not possible to change lanes or if to do so would be unsafe, the driver shall proceed with due caution, reduce the speed of the motor vehicle, and maintain a safe speed for the road, weather, and traffic conditions.

  • General Information

    5

    TRAnSPORTATIOn Of PASSEnGERS

    Federal Motor Carrier Safety Regulations (FMCSR)a driver may not transport any passenger

    on a commercial motor vehicle, except a bus, without written authorization from the carrier under whose authority the vehicle is being operated.

    When authorization is issued, it shall state the name of the person to be transported, the points where the transportation is to begin and end, and the date upon which such authoriza-tion expires.

    authorization is not required for:Otheremployeesassignedtothevehicle.

    Anypersontransportedwhenaidisbeingrendered in case of an accident or other emergency.

    Anattendantdelegatedtocareforlivestock.

    Vehiclescontrolledandoperatedbyafarmer.

    USInG A cOMMERcIAL MOTOR VEHIcLE (cMV) fOR PURPOSES OTHER THAn THOSE dEfInEd

    FMCSRWhenever a commercial motor vehicle of one type is used to perform the functions normally performed by a commercial motor vehicle of another type, the regulations apply to the vehicle and to its operation in the same manner as though the vehicle were actually a commercial motor vehicle of the latter type.

    example: if a bus is used to transport goods rather than passengers, then the regulations pertaining to the transportation of goods shall apply to that commercial motor vehicle.

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    following Too close Violation Traffic Graph

    Miles per Hour (MPH)

    Feet per Second (FPS)

    ESTIMATED DRIVERReaction Time

    Normal Conditions

    cOMMercial VeHicle driVerReaction and

    Brake Activation Time

    SPEEd (SPEEd x 1.46) (1.5 second) fEET ( 1.8 second) fEET

    45 65.7 98.5 118.26

    50 73.0 109.5 131.40

    55 80.3 120.4 144.54

    60 87.6 131.4 157.68

    65 94.9 142.3 170.82

    70 102.2 153.3 183.96

    General Information

    Average Full Size Vehicle Length: Car: 17.5 Ft. Pick-up Truck: 17.0 Ft. Tractor Trailer: 65.0 Ft.Recommended Following Distances:Minimum of one (1) vehicle length for each 10 MPH. Add 3/10th second to commercial drivers reaction times due to lag time in brake activation on commercial vehicles.

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    Motor carrier Enforcement UnitGeneral Headquarters: Ohio state Highway patrol p.O. BOX 182074, columbus, Ohio 43218-2074 ph: (614) 466-3682 faX: (614) 752-0243district Headquarters and Platform Scale facilitiesAll scale locations, except Van Wert county, equipped with PrePass electronic screening system.

    district Address Telephone Scale facility Highway Mile Marker Location

    1Ohio state patrol3201 n. Main st.findlay, OH 45840

    419-421-5340Wood countyVan Wert countyHancock county

    is 75Us 30is 75

    8.86 nB6.59 eB20.35 sB

    s of Us 6W of Van Wertn of findlay

    2Ohio state patrol3665 sr 4Bucyrus, OH 44820

    419-562-6325 n/a

    3Ohio state patrol4300 lincoln Way W.Massillon, OH 44647

    330-833-1056 Medina county is 76 5.4 WB e of is 71

    4Ohio state patrol3424 Us route 422southington, OH 44470

    330-898-7598ashtabula countytrumbull county

    is 90is 80