FMCSA CSA Training for Truck Drivers
Post on 17-Jun-2015
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DESCRIPTIONThis presentation by CDL College covers CSA Training. It's geared towards the truck driver. We explain the basics of the the Compliance Safety and Accountability program adopted by FMCSA. We have tried many different ways to drive home the importance of vehicle inspections. This CSA presentation helps drive home the point. Slide 13 contains hyperlinks to another section of the course. Slide 13 lists actual violations with a hyperlink that describes the criteria to be inspected. In my opinion, hyperlinking from the violation to the criteria reinforces the proper way to inspect an item. For example,the first violation (listed on slide 13) shows a violation for an inoperative head lamp. This violation has a severity of 2. The presenter can then click through the hyperlink to show the proper inspection criteria for a head lamp. Showing the violation and the severity help explain the importance of checking the headlamp. In a normal pre-trip inspection we would start with the headlamp. The driver would fall asleep during this portion of the lecture. Who doesn't know how to inspect a headlamp? But, the driver tends to pay attention when we (first) show them the weight and severity of a headlamp violation. This is a long presentation. But, you can spend most of your time on slide 13, bouncing back and forth between the violation and the criteria.
- 1. CDL College LLC
2. 2 Who Is FMCSA? What Is CSA? CSA and Your Company CSA and Your Safety Record 3. 3 4. 4 5. 5 6. 6 7. 7 8. Not Public Not Public 9. 9 10. Violations Description # Violations # OOS Violations Viloation Weight Severity393.9 Inoperative required lamps 4 0 2393.19 Inoperative/defective hazard warning lamp 2 0 6393.47(e) Clamp/Roto-Chamber type brake(s) out of adjustment 2 0 4393.53(b) Automatic brake adjuster CMV manufactured on or after 10/20/1994 - air brake 2 0 4393.83(g) Exhaust leak under truck cab and/or sleeper 2 1 1393.95(a) No/discharged/unsecured fire extinguisher 2 0 2393.95(f) No / insufficient warning devices 2 0 2396.17(c) Operating a CMV without proof of a periodic inspection 2 0 4392.9(a)(2) Failing to secure vehicle equipment 1 1 1393.104(d) Damaged dunnage/bars/blocking-bracing 1 1 1393.201(a) Frame cracked / loose / sagging / broken 1 0 2393.203(b) Cab/body improperly secured to frame 1 0 2393.4 Inadequate brake system on a CMV 1 1 4393.45(b)(2) Failing to secure brake hose/tubing against mechanical damage 1 0 4393.45B2UV Brake Hose or Tubing Chafing and/or Kinking Under Vehicle 1 0 4393.55(d)(2) ABS - malfunctioning indicator to cab of towing CMV manufactured on or after 3/1/2001 1 0 4393.60(c) Damaged or discolored windshield 1 0 1393.75(a) Flat tire or fabric exposed 1 1 8393.78 Windshield wipers inoperative/defective 1 0 1393.86(b)(1) Rear Impact Guards - motor vehicles manufactured after 12/31/52, see exceptions 1 0 2393.9H Inoperative head lamps 1 0 6393.9TS Inoperative turn signal 1 1 6396.5B-HLIW Hubs - Oil and/or Grease Leaking from hub - inner wheel 1 1 2 11. CDL College LLC 12. CDL College LLC 13. 22 14. 23 15. 24 16. 25 17. 26 18. 27 19. 28 20. 29 21. 30 22. 31 23. Safety for yourself and others.1. I promise the people I love that I will work andlive safely.2. I will value safety over production.A defect found during an inspection could save you problems later. PreventiveMaintenance**Federal and State laws require thatdrivers inspect their vehicles. FMCSR393.13 24. 1. Pre-trip:To help you find problems that could cause a crash orbreakdown.2. During a trip you should:Watch gauges for signs of trouble.Use your senses to check for problems.3. Check critical items when you stop:Tires, Wheels and RimsBrakesLights and ReflectorsBrake and Electrical ConnectionsCargo Securing Devices 25. Look for:LeaksHanging itemsLoose partsLeaningTire conditionTop of vehicleAny sign ofvisual damageKEEP THE KEYS INYOUR POCKETHome 26. Check theCoolantCheck while coldCheck RadiatorTop andConnectionsCheck WasherFluidfill if lowLook for looseparts, damage,leaks or wear 27. Check All Belts inch play maximumCheck the Alternator frayed wires, loseconnections, mounted firmlyCheck the Water Pump Look for leaksand if mounted securelySometimes difficult to see mounted behindcomponents on some trucks follow heater hosesSome gear driven - some belt driven 28. Check Exhaust Components from themanifold to the top of stackLook for Black Streaks Showing LeaksCheck the Oil Level Fill asNeeded (gallons not quarts)Check the Fan Shroud and the Fan BladesShroud Secure and Blades IntactHome 29. Check Exhaust Components for LeaksCheck from the turbo to the top of the stacks for leaks393.83(e)Look for Black Streaks Showing Leaks 30. Check the Air Compressorto make sure it is secureCheck for leaksExamine the hoses to seeif there are cracksCheck if belt or gear drivenIf belt driven check thebelt conditionHome 31. Check the level of the power steeringfluidCheck the hoses and follow the linesto the pump and steering boxCheck the power steering pump forleaks and see that it is secureAll power steering components are tobe checked on a pre-trip 32. Check the Steering Box to see that it issecureCheck that the bolts are all in place and tightCheck the seals at the top and at the side forleaksCheck the power steering hoses coming intothe box and see that there are no leaks andthe hoses are in good condition393.209 33. Check the Steering Linkage after thesteering boxCheck the Pitman ArmCheck the Drag LinkCheck the Steering ArmCheck the Tie RodMake sure all are secure and that thecastle nuts are tight and the cotterkeys in place 34. Missing nuts, bolts,cotter keys or otherparts from steeringarms or linkages. 35. Look for cracks and illegal welds theentire length of the frameInspect all items bolted to the frameto see they are secureHome 36. Look for cracks and illegal welds* theentire length of the frame393.201Examine the frame anywhere you can seeit393.201(d)Parts and accessories shall not be weldedto the frame or chassis of a CMV except inaccordance with the vehicle mfgrecommendations. Any welding of theframe must also be in accordance with thevehicle manufacturers recommendations. 37. Check shackle and mount formovement & loose partsCheck paint seams along frame andbolts for movementCheck that the spring is secure andall bolts tight and in placeCheck that the U-Bolts are tight, inplace and not brokenCheck that all bolts are secure 38. Check that the leafs aresecure, not cracked,broken, bent or shiftingout of positionNo leaf spring shall becracked, broken, missing,nor shifted out of position.FMCSRs393.207(c) 39. Check the ShockAbsorbersCheck that the shocksare mounted securelyCheck that the bolts aretightCheck that there are novisible oil leaks from theshocksExamine the rubberbushings to make surethey are not falling apart 40. Cracked or broken spring hangersBroken leaves that have shifted and may hit a tire.Any loose, cracked, broken or missing framemembers. 41. Leaking shock absorbersTorque rod or arm, u-bolts, spring hangers or other axlepositioning parts that are cracked, damaged or missing.Air suspension systems that are damaged and/or leaking. 42. No loose fittingsNo cracks, bulges, orleaksLook at air lineswherever they arevisibleListen for air leaksHome 43. Check that thebrake chamber orcanister is secureand not leakingCheck themounting andchamber bolts( 44. Check that they aresecure bolts, cotterpins, etc.When brakes are NOTset check that there isno more than 1 inch ofslackWhen brakes are setthe angle shownshould be greater than90 degreesHome 45. Inspect each brake drum forcracks and illegal welds,gouges, groovesExamine each drum and feelthe inside ridge to make sureit is smooth with even wear 46. Inspect each wheel and examinethe brake shoesMeasure the thickness at thecenter of the shoeNo shoe lining should be less that inch at the thinnest point (thecenter of the shoe)393.47Look for oil leaking onto shoesand into drum from wheel seals 47. Inspect each wheel insideand outExamine it for cracks andillegal welds393.205Rust around lug nutsLoose or missing lugsMissing clamps, spacers,studs, or lugs 48. Inspect each wheel inside and outExamine it for cracks and illegal welds393.205Check the bead around each edge tomake sure it is intact and not bent. Anybend or damage could cause a break inthe bead and cause the tire to leak 49. Check the lug nuts on each wheelFeel each nut by hand to make sure itis snug393.205Look for rust stains on steel wheelsand black streaks on aluminum wheels these stains can indicate a loose lugnutA loose lug nut on an aluminum wheelcan cause severe damage quickly 50. Check the reservoir to see that theoil is at the proper levelLook for leaks around the edge ofthe seal and plugSome reservoirs require you toremove the cap while others can beinspected through the plastichousing396.3Home 51. Check the TiresCheck the inner sidewallCheck the bead around each edge to make sure it isintact and not bent.Check the tread area4/32 depth on steer tires393.75Other tires have a tread depth of 2/32Check the outer sidewall 52. Defects come inall shapes andsizesHome 53. Rear of TruckCheck that the drive shaft is not bentSee that no debris is entangled around theshaftCheck the shaft to see that the U-joints aretightWelds on the drive shaft are OK(they are welded together whenmanufactured)While under the truck check the frame again 54. Check the RearDrive AssemblyInsideCheck theremaining axles ofthe vehicle thesame as you didin the frontCheck and namethe samecomponents onevery axleHome 55. When checking the tires and brakescheck the spacers or spacebetween the tires and wheelsIf there are no spacers check thespace for debris and clearanceThere must be a space between thetires 56. Check the splash guards at the rearof the tractorMake sure they are secure and notfalling offCheck for damage that will makethem ineffective 57. Rear of TruckCheck the remaining axles ofthe vehicle the same as you didin the frontCheck the same componentson every axle 58. Side of VehicleOpen the box and examine thebatteriesNo frayed wiresBatteries bolted down securelyNo spilled fluidCheck steps to see if they aresecureBatteries 59. Check all items in the cabfor proper operation and sodriver will be familiar withall operating controls of allequipment. 60. Check the Seat Belt and Shoulder StrapCheck for damage and that it worksproperly393.95Check for FusesIf the truck uses circuit breakers are theynot required.Check the Fire ExtinguisherExpiration Tag Valid Secured to VehicleGauge in the GreenCheck the TrianglesMust have 3 working triangles on boardHome 61. Check theWarning LightsAs soon as you turnthe key watch theWarning LightsLook at the lightsand determine if allof them are workingHome 62. CHECK AND FAMILIARIZE YOURSELF WITH ALL GAUGES,INSTRUMENTS, AND CONTROLS 63. Check All Mirrors and GlassCheck the Left and Right MirrorsCheck the Side Windows andGlassCheck the Windshield393.60Each windshield shall be free ofdamage in the area extendingupward from the height of the top ofthe steering wheel to within a twoinch border from the top and a oneinch border on either side.Home 64. Check the city hornCheck the air hornFMCSR 393.81 states:there must be at least oneworking audible horn thatgives an adequate andreliable warning signal 65. During the light check inspectthe interior indicator lightsCheck the Left and RightTurn Signal IndicatorsCheck the 4 Way FlasherIndicatorsCheck the High BeamIndicator 66. In Cab InspectionRequires all CMV operators tohave basic air brake knowledge383.110At 120 psiRelease the trailer brakes / set the tractorbrakes(Red Button INYellow Button OUT)Pull against the tractor brakes to see that theyholdRelease the tractor brakes / set the trailerbrakes(Red Button OUTYellow Button IN)Pull against the trailer brakes to see that theyhold 67. In Cab InspectionCheck the Air BrakesBegin the Test by Applying the FootBrake or Treadle ValveHold Pedal for 1 MinuteAir Loss Should be Less Than 3 Lbs forthe Truck/Tractor&Less Than 1 Lb for Each TrailerCombination Vehicle = 4 Lbs 68. In Cab InspectionCheck the Air BrakesPump Down the Air Pressureto About 60 LbsAt About 60 Lbs the Low AirWarning Light Should Lighton the Dash(Remember: the engine isOFF but the key is ON) 69. In Cab InspectionCheck the Air BrakesPump Down the Air Pressure to Between40 & 20 LbsBetween 40 & 20 Lbs the Spring BrakesWill Set and the Brake Buttons Will PopOut(Remember: the engine is OFF but thekey is ON) 70. In Cab InspectionCheck the Air BrakesStart the EngineBuzzer Still Sounds Indicating LowAir Buzzer Works ProperlyRebuild Air Pressure. Air Pressureshould Build From 85- 100 PSI in 45Seconds or Less 71. Check theTruck/Tractor ParkingBrakes383.111(g)*Requires all CMV operatorsto have basic air brakeknowledgeAt 120 psiPull against the trailer brakesto see that they hold 72. Check the Air Brakes 73. Check the AirBrakes 74. Check the AirBrakes 75. Check the Air BrakesStart the EngineLow Air PressureLight/Buzzer Still WorksProperlyRebuild Air Pressure. AirPressure should BuildFrom 85- 100 PSI in 45Seconds or Less 76. SEE AND BESEEN392.33No CMV shall bedriven when any ofthe lights orreflective devicesrequired areobscured by thetailboard, any partof the load, or dirtor any addedvehicle or workequipment.Home 77. 392.33No CMV shall be driven when any of thelights or reflective devices required areobscured by the tailboard, any part of theload, or dirt or any added vehicle or workequipment.Check the Right and Left Turn SignalsCheck the 4 Way FlashersCheck the Clearance LightsCheck the Low Beam Head LightsCheck the High Beam Head Lights Check PlowLights 78. Home 79. Home 80. 396.17: Periodic inspection.(a) Every commercial motor vehicle must be inspected as required by this section.The inspection must include, at a minimum, the parts and accessories set forth inappendix G of this subchapter. The term commercial motor vehicle includes eachvehicle in a combination vehicle. For example, for a tractor semitrailer, full trailercombination, the tractor, semitrailer, and the full trailer (including the converter dolly ifso equipped) must each be inspected.(b) Except as provided in 396.23 and this paragraph, motor carriers must inspector cause to be inspected all motor vehicles subject to their control. Intermodalequipment providers must inspect or cause to be inspected intermodal equipmentthat is interchanged or intended for interchange to motor carriers in intermodaltransportation.