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Chapter 17 ResourcesTimesaving Tools

Interactive Teacher Edition Access your Teacher Wraparound Edition andyour classroom resources with a few easy clicks.

Interactive Lesson Planner Planning has never been easier! Organize yourweek, month, semester, or year with all the lesson helps you need to maketeaching creative, timely, and relevant.

Use GlencoesPresentation Plus!multimedia teacher tool to easily present

dynamic lessons that visually excite your stu-dents. Using Microsoft PowerPoint you can customize the presentations to create your ownpersonalized lessons.

The following videotape programs are available from Glencoe as supplements to Chapter 17:

Sir Isaac Newton: Gravity of Genius(ISBN 1565019822)

Mozart (ISBN 1565015908) George Washington: Founding Father

(ISBN 1565013778) The American Revolution (ISBN 1565014367)

To order, call Glencoe at 18003347344. To findclassroom resources to accompany many of thesevideos, check the following home pages:A&E Television: www.aande.comThe History Channel: www.historychannel.com

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TEACHING TRANSPARENCIESTEACHING TRANSPARENCIESChapter Transparency 17 L2

Graphic Organizer StudentActivity 17 Transparency L2

Graphic Organizer 3:

Web Diagram CHAPTER TRANSPARENCY 17

Revolution and Enlightenment (15501800)

Map OverlayTransparency 17 L2

European Claims in the Americas

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Enrichment Activity 17 L3

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In Chapter 17, you read about the reac-tion of the Catholic Church to Galileosideas, which conflicted with Church teach-ings. Galileos hypothesis that the earth wasnot the center of the universe threatened to

Enrichment Activity 17

undermine the religious world-view thatpervaded every aspect of European society.Read the excerpt below from BertoltBrechts play Galileo.

The Commotion Galileo Caused

DIRECTIONS: Answer the questions below in the space provided.

1. Write a one-sentence summary of the message the Ballad Singer tries to convey._________

2. Write your own ballad, poem, or short play about either Copernicus or Diderot and thepersecution either man faced for expressing his views. If necessary, use a separate sheetof paper. _______________________________________________________________________

Around the corner from the market place aBALLAD SINGER and his WIFE, who is costumedto represent the earth in a skeleton globe madeof thin bands of brass, are holding the attentionof a sprinkling of representative citizens, somein masquerade, who were on their way to seethe carnival procession. From the market placethe noise of an impatient crowd.

BALLAD SINGER (accompanied by his WIFE on theguitar):When the Almighty made the universeHe made the earth and then he made the sun.Then round the earth he bade the sun to turnThats in the Bible, Genesis, Chapter One.And from that time all beings here belowWere in obedient circles meant to go:

Around the pope the cardinalsAround the cardinals the bishopsAround the bishops the secretariesAround the secretaries the aldermenAround the aldermen the craftsmen

Around the craftsmen the servantsAround the servants the dogs, thechickens, and the beggars.

A conspicuous revellerhenceforth called theSPINNERhas slowly caught on and is exhibiting hisidea of spinning around. He does not lose dignity,he faints with mock grace.

BALLAD SINGER:Up stood the learned GalileoGlanced briefly at the sunAnd said: Almighty God was wrongIn Genesis, Chapter One!

Now that was rash, my friends, it is nomatter small:

For heresy will spread today like fouldiseases.

Change Holy Writ, forsooth? What willbe left at all?

Why: each of us would say and do justwhat he pleases!

Primary Source Reading 17 L2

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Of the Encyclopedia

Voltaire was one of the most influential philosophers of theEnlightenment. A man with a sharp tongue and an even sharper pen,he was twice imprisoned in the Bastille for his comments. He spenttwo years in England, where he was impressed by Englands greater freedomof thought. Back in France, he wrote philosophy and satire and, through theinfluence of Madame de Pompadour, was made a member of the FrenchAcademy.

In the passage below, Voltaire ridicules French responses to DiderotsEncyclopedia, to which Voltaire himself was a contributor.

Guided Reading In this selection, read to learn why Diderots Encyclopedia was banned in France and whyit should not have been.

A servant of Louis XV told me that while hismaster, the king, was dining one day at Trianonwith a small group, the conversation turned firston hunting and then on gun powder. Someonesaid that the best powder is made with equalparts of saltpeter, sulphur and coal. The Duke deLa Vallire, who knew better, argued that tomake good gun powder all you needed was onepart of sulphur and one of coal to five parts ofsaltpeter that had been well filtered, well evapo-rated, and well crystallized.

It is funny, said the Duke de Nivernois,that we amuse ourselves daily by killing par-tridges in the park at Versailles, and sometimesby killing men or by being killed ourselves at thefrontier, without knowing exactly with what wekill.

Alas! We are reduced to that state for mostthings of this world, answered Madame dePompadour; I do not know what the rouge Iput on my cheeks is made of, and I should bevery much embarrassed if someone asked mehow the silk hose I am wearing is made.

It is a pity, the Duke de La Vallire thensaid, that His Majesty confiscated our encyclo-pedic dictionaries, each of which cost us a hun-dred gold pieces: there we would quickly findthe answer to all our questions.

The king justified the confiscation: he hadbeen warned that the twenty-one folio volumesthat were found on all the ladies dressing tableswere the most dangerous thing in the world forthe French kingdom; and he wanted to know forhimself if this were true before allowing anyone

to read this work. At the end of the dinner hesent three of his servants for a copy, each ofwhom returned carrying seven volumes withgreat difficulty.

They saw at the article Powder that theDuke de La Vallire was right; and soonMadame de Pompadour learned the differencebetween the old Spanish rouge that the ladies ofMadrid used to color their cheeks, and the rougeof Parisian ladies. She learned that Greek andRoman ladies were painted with purple thatcame from seashells, and that consequently ourscarlet was the purple of the ancients; shelearned that there was more saffron in Spanishrouge, and more cochineal in the French.

She saw how her stockings were manufac-tured; and the operation of this processdelighted her with wonder. Oh, the fine book!she exclaimed. Sire, did you confiscate thisstorehouse of useful things so as to possess italone and be the only wise man of your king-dom?

They all jumped at the volumes like thedaughters of Lycomedes at Ulysses jewels;every one found at once what he was lookingfor. Those who had lawsuits were surprised tofind there the judgment of their cases. The kingread all the rights of the crown. But really, hesaid, I dont know why I was told so many badthings about this work.

Well, dont you see, Sire, said the Duke deNivernois, its because it is very good? Men donot attack the mediocre and the dull of whateversort. If women try to ridicule a new comer, it is

P R I M A R Y S O U R C E R E A D I N G 17

APPLICATION AND ENRICHMENTAPPLICATION AND ENRICHMENTHistory SimulationActivity 17 L1

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HANDOUT MATERIAL

Science on TrialPlanning Form

Galileo _____________________________________________________________________________

Church Members __________________________________________________________________

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Jury Members _____________________________________________________________________

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Research Notes:

Information about Galileo:

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Information about the Church:

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