stop wondering... start wordpress-ing

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A presentation created for Saffron Walden Computer Club. A little old now but still contains relevant content about building a site using Wordpress.

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  • 1. Stop Wondering Start WORDPRESSingStop Wondering StartWORDPRESSingRosemarie GantFresh Approach Web ManagementApril 2011www.freshapproachweb.co.uk

2. Stop Wondering Start WORDPRESSingWho am I? Rosemarie Gant from www.freshapproachweb.co.uk Administrative background Not a geek! I like systems to work Thats why I like Wordpresswww.freshapproachweb.co.uk 3. Stop Wondering Start WORDPRESSingWhat we will be covering: What is Wordpress How it works Technical words: Posts and pages Plugins and widgets Templates and themes Updating and backing up your sitewww.freshapproachweb.co.uk 4. Stop Wondering Start WORDPRESSingWhat I will not be covering Actually loading Wordpress why? Wordpress is so widely used that many hosting companiesdo it all for you now Its is usually step by step and pretty straightforward, buttends to be slightly different with each provider There is a crib sheet available for you to collect based on theWordpress 5-minute install And if you need help you can always get in touch! Best advice: WRITE DOWN WHAT YOU DO!www.freshapproachweb.co.uk 5. Stop Wondering Start WORDPRESSing Questions? If you have questions please feel free to ask as we go along. I do have a page of resources available for you but you may want to take notes as we go along as well. This slide show will be available to download.www.freshapproachweb.co.uk 6. Stop Wondering Start WORDPRESSingWhat is Wordpress A blogging software (whats a blog?) A blog (a blend of the term web log)[1] is a type of website or part of a website. Blogs are usuallymaintained by an individual with regular entries of commentary, descriptions of events, or othermaterial such as graphics or video. Entries are commonly displayed in reverse-chronologicalorder. Blog can also be used as a verb, meaning to maintain or add content to a blog. Most blogs are interactive, allowing visitors to leave comments and even message eachother via widgets on the blogs and it is this interactivity that distinguishes them from other staticwebsites.[2] A CMS (whats a CMS?) A web content management (WCM) system is a CMS designed to simplify the publication ofweb content to web sites and mobile devices in particular, allowing content creators to submitcontent without requiring technical knowledge of HTML or the uploading of files.[1] Open Source (whats Open Source?) The term open source describes practices in production and development that promote accessto the end products source materials.[from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia]www.freshapproachweb.co.uk 7. Stop Wondering Start WORDPRESSingWho is it used by? http://www.moolanomy.com/ http://lis.uncg.edu/ http://www.spotify.com/uk/new-user/ http://janemonheitonline.com/ And of course http://www.freshapproachweb.co.ukwww.freshapproachweb.co.uk 8. Stop Wondering Start WORDPRESSingWhy is it so great? Edit your website any time anywhere you are near acomputer with a browser no software needed No need to code even for installation you can oftenload it from your Website Hosts admin interface Out of the box it provides a fully useable system There is extensive development on it all the time so: Lots of help (support forums etc), Lots of websites, Lots of newplugins, widgets etc. Easily create accounts to have others edit andcontribute to your site. Wordpress is VERY search engine friendlywww.freshapproachweb.co.uk 9. Stop Wondering Start WORDPRESSingHow does it work Wordpress is written in php It uses a mySQL database to store the data (text,images, etc) This separation of data from design means you canupdate the design easily at any time without risk oflosing any data QuickTime and a decompressor are needed to see this picture. Theme/ Database Design (php/html/cssYour websitewww.freshapproachweb.co.uk 10. Stop Wondering Start WORDPRESSingSo what does it look like? The Dashboardwww.freshapproachweb.co.uk 11. Stop Wondering Start WORDPRESSingGeneral Settingswww.freshapproachweb.co.uk 12. Stop Wondering Start WORDPRESSingGeneral Settings (2) Some of these settings (such as your email) willhave been entered when you set the system up. Other things, like the tagline you will want to addhere. NB: If you change your domain name (websitename) at any point, you will need to change it tothe new name in these settings FIRST, otherwiseWordpress wont be able to find its bits and pieces.www.freshapproachweb.co.uk 13. Stop Wondering Start WORDPRESSingPrivacy settings You will also want to goto the Privacy settings.Here you can turn OFF(while playing) and ON(when live) access bythe search engines.www.freshapproachweb.co.uk 14. Stop Wondering Start WORDPRESSingPages v. Posts whats thedifference? Pages and posts are the way Wordpress creates pages foryour website. Both pages and posts can display text and images Both can have comments added to them Posts are listed on the site by date in chronological order Pages do not use tags or categories (ways of identifyingdifferent content on your site) Pages are intended to be static whereas posts tend to beregularly updated, changed, added to etc. You can list posts on a page, not other way round.www.freshapproachweb.co.uk 15. Stop Wondering Start WORDPRESSingA static PAGE on the Fresh websitewww.freshapproachweb.co.uk 16. Stop Wondering Start WORDPRESSingA page containing POSTS post postwww.freshapproachweb.co.uk 17. Stop Wondering Start WORDPRESSing(How did you do that posts in pagething?) That was actually using the new WP menu system. AllNews posts have a Category of News, and I thenpulled that category onto the menu.www.freshapproachweb.co.uk 18. Stop Wondering Start WORDPRESSingPosts and Pages examples http://www.gantwells.co.uk/word5943/www.freshapproachweb.co.uk 19. Stop Wondering Start WORDPRESSingPage structure Generally Wordpress sites consist of: Header Footer Sidebars Main contentSeems obvious but relates to placing of items on thesite and is referenced in things such as help.www.freshapproachweb.co.uk 20. Stop Wondering Start WORDPRESSing A little more Wordpress glossary Theme or Template: lots of different themes andtemplates available to change the design of your site some free, some paid for. Free ones may not bequite so easy to use. Plugin: a piece of software which enhances anothersoftware application and usually cannot be runindependently millions available for Wordpress see www.wordpress.org Widget: similar to or maybe even part of a plugin butdesigned to run in some specific part of a Wordpressdesign, usually the sidebar. (widget-enabled)www.freshapproachweb.co.uk 21. Stop Wondering Start WORDPRESSingAnd a couple more Categories andTags Posts can have categories and tags assigned to them. Categories organize, hierarchically. Tags need not. Tags provide meta-information, Categories need not. Tags cross-connect, Categories do not. Its a bit confusing but they are useful, allowing you to re-usechunks of information in different places on your site. E.g. you may have a CATEGORIES of Parish Council, ChurchActivities, Social Club. But there may be some posts withinthose categories that you TAG News and bring them all onto aNews page.www.freshapproachweb.co.uk 22. Stop Wondering Start WORDPRESSing Church PC 1 Post 1 Post News2 Post 2 Post3 Post 3 Post1 Church 3 PCSocial 2 Social1 Post 2 Post 3 Postwww.freshapproachweb.co.uk 23. Stop Wondering Start WORDPRESSingCreating pages and posts You dont have to code stuff to put on yourwebsite. Just sign in (usually www./wp-admin) Click create new page or new post Use the plain text box and familiar wordprocessing type buttons to create your pages. Dont forget (and it is easy to do) that you arestill on the web: fonts are limited as is layout alittle.www.freshapproachweb.co.uk 24. Stop Wondering Start WORDPRESSingAdding pictures Just above your word processing buttons, there arethe upload buttons for adding images, video, audioand attaching pdfs or other documents to your pageor post.www.freshapproachweb.co.uk 25. Stop Wondering Start WORDPRESSingComments You need to decide whether to allow commentson your posts/pages or not. You can set them by default in the Privacysettings. And you can also change them on individualposts if you wish. E.g. I dont usually offer thecomments on my static pages but I do on posts. Dont forget to get Akismet (Wordpresss Spamcatcher) working if you decide to allowcomments.www.freshapproachweb.co.uk 26. Stop Wondering Start WORDPRESSingWidgets (where the fun begins!) Wordpress comes with basic widgets such as calendar,search and text. (Have you tried setting up a local search for yourwebsite? Now its easy!) The text widget you can use for basic text or codesnippets Drag and drop Theme must be widget-enabled (most are now, butparticularly with free themes check: older themes maynot include these options)www.freshapproachweb.co.uk 27. Stop Wondering Start WORDPRESSingWidget screen (under Appearance)www.freshapproachweb.co.uk 28. Stop Wondering Start WORDPRESSingNavigation the WP new menusystem Since Wordpress 3 there has been the ability to createdrag and drop menus These include automatic drop-downs!www.freshapproachweb.co.uk 29. Stop Wondering Start WORDPRESSingPluginswww.freshapproachweb.co.uk 30. Stop Wondering Start WORDPRESSingwww.freshapproachweb.co.uk 31. Stop Wondering Start WORDPRESSingWord of caution Dont go too mad Too many plugins can slow your site down You do sometimes get plugin conflicts which can causeproblems The more plugins you have, the longer it takes to check! (If you experience a problem, go through and disablethe plugins one at a time)www.freshapproachweb.co.uk 32. Stop Wondering Start WORDPRESSingSo how do you get these amazingplugin things? You can go to plugins on your site and click on AddNew or go to http://wordpress.org/extend/plugins/www.freshapproachweb.co.uk 33. Stop Wondering Start WORDPRESSingWhats a good plugin? Make sure the plugin iscompatible with your version ofWordpres