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  • Road Traffic and

    Fatal Crash Statistics 2003 – 2004

    Road Traffic Management Corporation RTMC

    June 2005

  • Road Traffic and Fatal Crash Statistics 2003 - 2004 1

    Index

    Topic Page 1 Foreword 2 2 Overview : Basic Road Traffic Indicators 1990 - 2004 3 3 Number of Registered Motor Vehicles 4 4 Age of Motor Vehicle Population 5 5 Daily Traffic Volumes and Distance Travelled 6 6 Number of Fatal Crashes 7 7 Vehicles Involved in Fatal Crashes 8 8 Fatalities per Type of Crash 9 9 Fatalities per Type of Vehicle 10 10 Fatalities per Road User Group 11 11 Fatal Crash Rates 12 12 Vehicle Rates 13 13 Fatality Rates 14 14 Day and Time of Fatal Crashes 15 15 Cost of Fatal Crashes 15 16 2005 – The First 4 Months 16 17 Speed as a Contributory Factor to Road Traffic Crashes 17 18 Contributory Factors to Road Traffic Crashes 18

  • Foreword

    This report is the first comprehensive statistical analysis of road traffic management incidents, published by the Road Traffic Management Corporation (RTMC). The information is of vital importance to all traffic management stakeholders for planning and analysis purposes. We must use it to ensure that we have a data-driven, scientifically based approach to our work, which will ensure that we utilise our limited resources to maximum benefit.

    It is estimated that the cost of traffic crashes to individuals, commerce, communities and the country is in the region of R38 billion annually. As a developing country and continent, we cannot afford to spend this amount of money on road trauma, when we have so many other developmental needs in education, health, housing and social upliftment.

    In looking at statistics, we must not loose sight or understanding of the very real human problems which are caused by carnage on our roads. Every day an average of 36 lives are lost. Of these 15 are pedestrians, and 3 are killed in taxi-related incidents. Those people are all precious to their families, friends and communities. What is just as frightening is that around 20 people are permanently disabled on our roads every day. This means that more than 7000 people are left maimed each year by poor attitude and behavior on our roads. 7000 families each year have to cope with a permanent reminder of an incident which changed their lives for ever.

    Aside from these deaths and permanent injuries, around 100 people are seriously injured on our roads each day. This causes pain and suffering and financial hardship for families and communities.

    More than 90% of crashes are due to lawlessness. Pedestrian and driver negligence and ignorance has a huge cost, both financially and in human suffering.

    The number of fatalities and fatal crashes per 10,000 motorised vehicles and 100 million vehicle kilometres travelled has decreased slightly over the last three years since 2001. But the challenge is still with us. Road Traffic Management must improve, and we must all aim at a substantial reduction in road carnage, and improvement in behavior.

    Please feel free to use this booklet for your planning and let us all work together to participate in making South African roads safer places for us all.

    Road Traffic and Fatal Crash Statistics 2003 - 2004 2

  • Overview : Basic Road Traffic Indicators 1990-2004

    The number of fatal road traffic crashes decreased from 9,174 in 1990 to 7,260 in 1998. From 1998 a steady annual increase was recorded to 10,530 fatal crashes in 2004. The number of fatalities increased from 9,068 in 1998 to 12,727 in 2004. The number of fatal crashes per 100 million vehicle kilometres (mvk) travelled increased from a low of 6,20 in 1998 to 8,79 in 2002. From 2002 a steady annual decrease in this rate was recorded to a rate of 8,63 in 2004. The number of fatalities per 100 mvk increased from 7,75 in 1998 to a rate of 10,75 in 2002. From 2002 a slight annual decrease was experienced to a rate of 10,44 in 2004. The number of fatalities per 100,000 human population shows a steady annual increase from 21,61 in 1998 to 27,32 in 2004.

    Vehicle and Human Population Number of Fatal Road Crashe s, Fatalities

    and Crash and Fatality Rates Vehicle Population

    Year end

    Year Total Motorised

    Veh-Kms Travelled (million)

    Human

    Population (million)

    Number of

    Fatal Crashes

    Number of

    Road Fatalities

    No. of Fatal

    Crashes per

    100 million Veh-Kms Travelled

    No. of

    Fatalities per

    100 million Veh-Kms Travelled

    No. of

    Fatalities per

    100 000 Human

    Population

    1990 5,200,153 4,616,398 94,092 30.60 9,174 11,157 9.75 11.86 36.46 1991 5,324,749 4,727,007 95,908 31.20 9,222 11,069 9.62 11.54 35.48 1992 5,391,291 4,786,079 97,677 31.90 8,378 10,142 8.58 10.38 31.79 1993 5,457,833 4,845,151 97,866 32.60 7,936 8,140 8.11 8.32 24.97 1994 5,524,375 4,904,223 102,256 40.40 8,140 9,981 7.96 9.76 24.71 1995 6,458,513 5,733,497 109,241 40.63 8,335 10,256 7.63 9.39 25.24 1996 6,506,868 5,776,424 113,376 40.58 7,850 9,848 6.92 8.69 24.27 1997 6,555,223 5,819,351 115,017 41.27 7,790 9,691 6.77 8.43 23.48 1998 6,603,578 5,850,566 117,025 41.95 7,260 9,068 6.20 7.75 21.61 1999 6,715,184 5,954,949 116,911 42.64 7,342 10,523 6.28 9.00 24.68 2000 6,814,531 6,074,201 111,938 43.33 Unreliable Information 2001 6,904,355 6,159,679 112,550 44.25 8,802 11,201 7.82 9.95 25.27 2002 7,000,316 6,245,392 113,494 45.17 9,973 12,198 8.79 10.75 27.00 2003 7,186,537 6,417,484 117,875 46.13 10,239 12,354 8.69 10.48 26.78 2004 7,479,178 6,677,239 121,954 46.59 10,530 12,727 8.63 10.44 27.32

    6

    7

    8

    9

    10

    90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 00 01 02 03 04 Year

    No. of Fatal Crashes per 100 MilVehKms

    7

    8

    9

    10

    11

    12

    90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 00 01 02 03 04 Year

    No. of Fatalities per 100 MilVehKms

    20 22 24 26 28 30 32 34 36 38

    90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 00 01 02 03 04 Year

    Fatalities per 100,000 Population

    Road Traffic and Fatal Crash Statistics 2003 - 2004 3

  • Number of Registered Motor Vehicles

    Province December 2004 GA KZ WC EC FS MP NW NP NC

    Total RSA

    Motorised Vehicles Motorcars 1,793,560 604,700 804,308 274,758 211,158 207,937 202,191 138,598 70,733 4,307,943 Minibuses 90,069 36,750 35,026 18,663 11,251 16,369 18,045 16,374 3,206 245,753 Buses 9,151 4,680 3,959 1,948 1,363 2,395 2,576 2,082 680 28,834 Motorcycles 75,717 21,281 35,368 12,287 13,071 11,160 9,185 6,065 4,186 188,320 LDV's - Bakkies 452,036 213,180 210,997 127,720 90,683 111,326 101,621 111,003 45,605 1,464,171 Trucks 86,432 37,952 31,641 17,414 16,072 18,300 14,293 13,832 6,500 242,436 Other & Unknown 27,859 27,409 28,994 10,616 39,219 22,866 25,579 10,842 6,401 199,782 All Motorised Veh's 2,534,824 945,952 1,150,293 463,406 382,817 390,353 373,490 298,796 137,311 6,677,239

    Towed Vehicles Caravans 42,856 8,695 16,630 6,105 8,490 9,420 7,602 4,771 3,064 107,633 Heavy Trailers 35,146 20,269 12,123 6,730 10,474 9,845 7,492 4,788 3,317 110,184 Light Trailers 215,372 54,906 91,423 35,624 49,318 39,365 37,154 22,775 18,547 564,484 Unknown 3,153 1,991 2,891 1,353 2,876 2,407 2,939 1,377 654 19,638 All Towed Veh's 296,527 85,861 123,067 49,812 71,158 61,037 55,187 33,711 25,582 801,939 All Vehicles 2,831,350 1,031,813 1,273,360 513,217 453,974 451,389 428,676 332,506 162,893 7,479,178

    -5 0 5 10 15 20

    Motorcars Minibuses

    Buses Motorcycles

    LDV's - Bakkies Trucks

    Other & Unknown All Motorised Veh's

    Caravans Heavy Trailers Light Trailers

    Unknown All Towed Veh's

    All Vehicles

    % Change in Motor Vehicle Population December 2003 - December 2004

    0

    1

    2

    3

    4

    5

    6

    J F M

    A M

    J J

    A S

    O N

    D J

    F M

    A M

    J J A

    S O

    N D

    J F M

    A M

    J J A

    S O

    N D

    J F M

    A M

    J J

    A S

    O N

    D J

    F M

    A M

    % Annual Growth : Vehicle Population January 2001 to May 2005

    The motor vehicle population increased by 292,641 vehicles (4,07%) from 7,186,537 on 31 December 2003 to 7,479,178 on 31 December 2004. Motorised vehicles increased by 259,755 (4,05%) and towed vehicles increased by 32,886 (4,28%). On a percentage basis the biggest increase was in motorcycles which increased by 15,6%. In 2004 motorised vehicles were 89,3% and towed vehicles 10,7% of the total vehicle population. Detailed percentages were as follows: Motorcars: 57,6% Minibuses: 3,3% Buses: 0,4% Motorcycles: 2,5% LDV’s (bakkies): 19,6% Trucks: 3,2% Caravans: 1,4% Heavy trailers: 1,5% Light trailers: 7,6%

    Road Traffic and Fatal Crash Statistics 2003 - 2004 4

  • Age of Motor Vehicle Population

    The average age of all motorised vehicles is 10 years and that of towed vehicles 12 years. The average age of motorcars is 10 years; minibuses 13 years, buses 11 years and trucks 12 years. The average age of caravans is 19 years; heavy trailers 11 years and light trailers 11 years. On average 16,1% of all motorised vehicles are less than 3 years and 12,2% of all towed

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