parenting with the brain in mind

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Parenting with the Brain in Mind. Daniel J. Siegel, M.D. FPR-UCLA Center for Culture, Brain and Development Mindful Awareness Research Center Center for Human Development. Mary Hartzell Interpersonal Neurobiology Seminar Participants - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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  • Parenting with the Brain in MindDaniel J. Siegel, M.D.FPR-UCLA Center for Culture, Brain and DevelopmentMindful Awareness Research CenterCenter for Human Development

    Mind Your Brain, Inc. (c) 2005

  • AcknowledgmentMary HartzellInterpersonal Neurobiology Seminar Participants Global Association for Interpersonal Neurobiology Studies [MindGAINS.net]Center for Culture, Brain, and Development [CBD.UCLA.edu]Teachers:Marion Sigman, Ph.D.Jerome Bruner, Ph.D.Mary Main, Ph.D.Elinor Ochs, Ph.D.Robert Bjork, Ph.D.

    Mind Your Brain, Inc. (c) 2005

  • ResourcesWith Mary Hartzell: Parenting from the Inside Out: Book and Workshop DVDNew Books: MindsightThe Mindful Brain

    Mind Your Brain, Inc. (c) 2005

  • Interpersonal Neurobiology (IPNB)An interdisciplinary view of human experience that draws on over a dozen branches of science to find the consilient findings across various perspectives to create a framework for understanding the development of our subjective and interpersonal lives. [Norton Series on Interpersonal Neurobiology; The Developing Mind-How Relationships and the Brain Interact to Shape Who We Become]

    Mind Your Brain, Inc. (c) 2005

  • Basic Tenets of IPNB1) The MIND IS a Process that Regulates the Flow of Energy and Information.

    2) The Mind EMERGES within the interaction of the Internal Processes of the Brain/Body and the Interpersonal Processes.

    3) The Mind DEVELOPS as the Genetically Programmed Maturation of the Nervous System is Shaped by Ongoing Experience.

    Mind Your Brain, Inc. (c) 2005

  • IPNB: Well-BeingA working definition of Well-Being:A system that connects differentiated elements into a functional whole = an INTEGRATED SystemWhen a system moves toward integration it is a achieving a movement toward maximizing COMPLEXITY.

    Mind Your Brain, Inc. (c) 2005

  • FACESWell-Being is proposed to emerge with Integration: producing a FACES state: Flexible Adaptive Coherent Energized Stable = FACESCOHERENCE can be defined as: Connected, Open, Harmonious, Engaged, Receptive, Emerging, Noetic, Compassionate, Empathic.

    Mind Your Brain, Inc. (c) 2005

  • Coherence and CohesionCOHERENCEFACES pathEmbeds new experience into its own defining featuresConnects to the Larger World of ExperienceReinforces Well-BeingCOHESIONRigidity / ChaosRestrictive definition of its own Features and PathwayLimited to boundaries defined in the pastConstricts Well-Being

    Mind Your Brain, Inc. (c) 2005

  • Developmental PrinciplesGenes and Experience contribute to the formation of Brain and MindGenes influence connections in the brain.Experience (Neural Activation) Shapes Connections in the brain via Synapse Formation (Synaptogenesis) and New Neuronal Growth = Neural PlasticityMental Processes Shape Neural Connections which Shape Mental Processes

    Mind Your Brain, Inc. (c) 2005

  • An Inside Out Approach to ParentingBasic Principles:1) Mindfulness2) Lifelong Learning3) Coherent Narratives: Making Sense4) Response Flexibility5) Joyful Living

    Mind Your Brain, Inc. (c) 2005

  • Steps in Making Sense1. How We Remember2. How We Perceive Reality: Stories3. How We Feel 4. How We Communicate5. How We Attach in Childhood6. How We Make Sense of Our Lives (Adult Attachment)

    Mind Your Brain, Inc. (c) 2005

  • Steps in Making Sense (II)7. How we Hold it Together and How we Fall Apart: The High Road and the Low Road8. How We Connect and Reconnect: Repair9. How We Develop Mindsight: Reflective Dialogues

    Mind Your Brain, Inc. (c) 2005

  • Neural PlasticityDirect Effects of Experience: Neuronal Firing shapes synapse formation and strengtheningInvolves gene activation to produce proteins for lasting changeAdaptive Effects of Experience:The MIND harnesses Self-Regulation in the Brain to maintain balance and ADAPTAdaptations can involve alterations in synaptic connections

    Mind Your Brain, Inc. (c) 2005

  • Temperament and AttachmentTemperamentA Constitutional Feature of the child: Inborn (not necessarily genetic) Constitutional predisposition of the Nervous SystemMay have lifelong impact that is influenced by Experience especially with CaregiversAttachmentThe Relationship of the child to the caregiver over timeResearch has shown Attachment shapes the developing mindAttachment impacts Self-Regulatory Circuits

    Mind Your Brain, Inc. (c) 2005

  • Research on AttachmentAttachment Classifications are Independent of TemperamentAttachment Experiences can shape the developmental outcome of temperamental features [See J. Kagan (1996) , Galens Prophecy]Attachment directly shapes Autobiographical Narrative Processes [Siegel and Hartzell (2003), Parenting from the Inside Out]

    Mind Your Brain, Inc. (c) 2005

  • Chess and Thomas Nine Aspects of Temperament: MatchingActivity Level (the motor activity)Rhythmicity (regularity of functions)Approach (positive response to new stimuli vs. withdrawal)Adaptability (ease with which responses are modified)Threshold of Responsiveness (sensitivity level)

    Intensity of Reaction (the general energy level of a response)Quality of Mood (the intensity and nature of emotional responsiveness)Distractablity (responsiveness to extraneous stimuli altering ongoing behavior)Attention span/persistence (vigilance in attending to task at hand)

    Mind Your Brain, Inc. (c) 2005

  • Epigenetics and PersonalityPredict general PATTERNS of Developmental Pathways over a lifespan.Development is NON-LINEAR, meaning that small inputs can lead to large and Un-predictable outcomes.Why then propose Patterns?Chaos and Rigidity: Two banks on the flow of the river of life.

    Mind Your Brain, Inc. (c) 2005

  • Some General PrinciplesMemory embeds prior experiences in neural connections in the brain.The brain is an associational organ and matches present firing patterns with those of the past.The brain is an anticipation machine - linking the present with what it expects in the future based on experiences in the past.

    Mind Your Brain, Inc. (c) 2005

  • The Brain is a Social OrganThe structure and function of the brain is to engage with other people, other brains, in the shaping of its development over time and in shaping its activity in the present.Mirror Neurons and the capacity to develop empathy and insight = MINDSIGHT

    Mind Your Brain, Inc. (c) 2005

  • How Do We KNOW and Re-Create Our Selves across Time?The Brain and Autobiographical MemoryAutonoetic Consciousness: Self-AwarenessLife Stories: Narratives and the Brain How we reinforce our own Patterns

    [Siegel, DJ (1999) The Developing Mind, and Macrae, C.N., Heatherton, T.F., and Kelley, W.M. (2004): A self less ordinary: The medial prefrontal cortex and you, In: M.S. Gazzaniga (Ed.): The Cognitive Neurosciences III.]

    Mind Your Brain, Inc. (c) 2005

  • How do we know our Self Traits?While the Right hemisphere appears to specialize in Autobiographical Memory, recent studies suggest that it is the Left hemisphere that creates and stores factual knowledge about SELF TRAITS.

    [Klein, S.B. (2004): The cognitive neuroscience of knowing ones self, In: M.S. Gazzaniga (Ed.): The Cognitive Neurosciences III]

    Mind Your Brain, Inc. (c) 2005

  • The Brain in the Palm of Your Hand

    Mind Your Brain, Inc. (c) 2005

  • The Brain: A Systems View of Brain Anatomy, Function, and The Mind

    Mind Your Brain, Inc. (c) 2005

  • The Low RoadTemporarily Disengaging the Middle Aspect of the Prefrontal Cortex dissolves the nine functions of the PFC including Body Regulation, Attunement, Emotional Balance, Response Flexibility, Empathy, Self-Knowing Awareness, Fear Extinction, Intuition, and Morality

    Mind Your Brain, Inc. (c) 2005

  • Movement Toward CoherenceInterpersonal Neurobiology predicts that the movement toward well-being is created as the system connects its disparate elements into a functional whole.This INTEGRATION creates a FACES pathway: flexible, adaptive, coherent, energized and stableSecure Attachment Is Created by and Creates Integrative States

    Mind Your Brain, Inc. (c) 2005

  • Integration, Coherence, EmpathyCoherence entails a flexible state of harmony that embraces the many aspects of neural functioning and interpersonal connections ::: Brain Stem, Limbic/Right and Left Hemisphere processes. As Integration is achieved across the numerous dimensions of living, a sense of the unity of being is revealed[Siegel, DJ (in press) Mindsight]

    Mind Your Brain, Inc. (c) 2005

  • The Optical Delusion of Isolation

    Albert Einstein had a sense of the importance of this issue when he stated: A human being is a part of the whole, called by us Universe, a part limited in time and space. He experiences himself, his thoughts and feelings as something separated from the rest, a kind of optical delusion of his consciousness.

    Mind Your Brain, Inc. (c) 2005

  • This delusion is a kind of prison for us, restricting us to our personal desires and to affection for a few persons nearest to us. Our task must be to free ourselves from this prison by widening our circle of compassion to embrace all living creatures and the whole of nature in its beauty. Nobody is able to achieve this completely, but the striving for such achievement is in itself a part of the liberation and a foundation for inner security."

    Mind Your Brain, Inc. (c) 2005

  • Secure Attachment, Community, and Compassionate ConnectionsWith the emergence of integration across the a wide range of domains, self-awareness enables the restrictive adaptations to lifes challenges to relax and a wider range of possibilities become realized in the inte

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