open badges for higher education - kpu version

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Open BadgesMaking Learning VisibleKPU VersionMarch 5, 2015

Don Presant

Presentation support page: About Learning AgentsAbout Don Presant1Education la carteShes come undone... The Ones That Got AwayStudy: Tracking completion misses the point!WestEd Slideshare Key Findings about non-completion of programs:

Many non-completers had significant earnings gainsEconomic value: content vs. credentialNon-completers are non-traditional studentsUnknown factor: value of 3rd party credentials

Average age 37-38; often with BA or better

3Gaps in preparation, perception Lack of applied learning & soft skillsHart Research Associates for the Association of American Colleges & Universities (AAC&U) January 2015

Applied Learning

Soft SkillsSoft skills and workforce trainingCanadian employer data via CERIC

Which soft skills are important?Training - for technical skills or soft skills? Environics data 2014 (n=500)Small business: less soft skills trainingSoft skillsHighly needed, little recognized

Workopolis-Mind-The-GapAnd is soft skills training effective?Maybe not (and how will you know?)


jtemanagement.com70:20:10 RuleNot all learning takes place in the classroom

deakinprime.comwikipedia.orgCo-Curricular Records

What Problem are We Solving?Student Engagement Student SuccessValue learning outside the classroom

Track, measure & authenticate

LeadershipCommunity serviceAthletics Special interestsSpecialized skills and knowledge

Evidence-based support for further goals:

Academicscholarships, awards, bursariestransfer to senior college community college to universitygraduate school

EmploymentWBL/WIL, internships placements, permanent jobs

ExampleA transcript for graduate employabilityEmployers dont want another piece of paper!ccr.utoronto.caEmployability (Trent University, 2013)Employer Responses to the Co-Curricular RecordProblem solving abilities, adaptability/flexibility, enthusiasm/dedication, communication (written & verbal), personable nature, ability to learn, Top Skills or QualitiesTypes of activitiesInterest in CCR as a document:Students should use the document as a tool for reviewing their co-curricular experiences and reflecting on what skills/learning achievements were gained from each.

Any relevant co-curricular experiences should be incorporated into the resume, and potentially referenced in the cover letter.Longer-term commitments demonstrate a greater level of student investment; leadership roles are valued.minimal12Why not the whole story... online?AcademicTranscriptCo-CurricularRecordExperiencedLearningFormalLearningePortfolioAccreditedExperiential LearningDegreeCoursesThesis / Capstone ProjectUnapprovedCo-CurricularActivitiesWorkExperience-past-currentOpenCourses,PDApprovedCo-Curricular. ActivitiesPersonal Life Experience-past-currentPLAR/RPLPaper SilosIssues with certification today Transparency issuesDumb paper often needs other documents, e.g. syllabusProxy only not the whole storyEasy to forgePhysical issuesDifficult to share, easy to loseRecognition issuesLack of granularityLack of contextno links to supporting evidenceExperiential learning not valuedLack of alignment, transfer, articulation (stackability)ePortfolios>75% 5 key learning outcomes: critical thinking, complex problem-solving, written and oral communication and applied knowledge in real-world settingsIt Takes More than a Major2013 survey of 318 of American Colleges & Universities (AAC&U)93% Candidates demonstrated capacity to think critically, communicate clearly, and solve complex problems is more important than their undergraduate major>80%An electronic portfolio would be useful to them in ensuring that job applicants have the knowledge and skills they need to succeed in their company or organization16Your Accidental ePortfolioTracking your digital footprints study

n = 2,775 US/Canada July 2013 Some of the search activity happens before candidates are even called for a job interview.eSourcing is SocialEmployers want to find you

Oct 2014

18Employer managed Human Capital tool like ePortfolio, but without learner ownership

Bell, AlcanIs LinkedIn enough?

With ideas from: Does LinkedIn work as an ePortfolio?PRO

Awareness workplace focus (esp. North America)

EvidenceSlideshareInfographicsVideos, Recommendations (?)

Social networkFriend of a Friend

Personal Learning NetworkLinkedIn GroupsTimelinesCON

Flexibilitycustomization, segmentation alignment to requirements/outcomeinteroperability - feeding to/from other sites

Archivingfile storage

Private modesreflection, formative assessment, mentoring

Learning frameworksself-assessment, plans, rubrics, etc.

Audiencebeyond white collar older worker? (79% are 35+)

OwnershipTerms of Use, business model19Benefits of Learner Owned ePortfoliosPersonal control and privacy

Not at the mercy of social media business Public and private use

ArchiveReflective chamberShowcaseRecognition tool

all in one packageSupports Recognition of Prior LearningMore flexible, shareable version of paper portfoliosReduces wasteful repetition of training and education

Benefits of ePortfolios

Employer acceptance


e.g. effective communication, applied skills, evidence-based reasoning, and ethical decision-makingDesigned for learning and developmentMore supportive, flexible than Web 2.0 tools; good for RPLPersonal control and privacyNot at the mercy of social media business modelsIntegrated public/private useArchive, reflective chamber, showcase, recognition toolePortfolio as PLEAlan Davis Kwantlen Polytechnic University

BC RPL Summit presentation March 2013Open Badgesmicro-portfoliosWhat are Open Badges?Brief

24 of Badges


Badge Tracking Android App Since pre-Roman timesBlue LightAchievementAffiliationSkillsMilitaryScoutingHeraldryDigital BadgesGamification, engagement,

A digital representation of an accomplishment, interest or affiliation that is visual, available online and contains metadata including trusted links that help explain the context, meaning, process and result of an activity. As an open artefact, the earner can present the badge in different contexts from which it was earned.

What is an Open Badge?Micro-credential - modular record of learningClear progress markersmotivating learners, supporting advisorsFlexible learning pathwaysgranular, incremental, multi-source, laddered, remixableVisual brandingissuers and earnersOnline trust systemdemonstrate skills & capabilitiesproof of performancebacked by issuer A skills ecosystemOpen Badges, micro-portfolios in social networksGoing digital helpsseparatingcombiningassessingaligningvalorisingvalidatingsharingsearchingOpen Badges & Social Media

Curated in ePortfolio

Interactive criteria

Pulled from BackpackLinkedIn Profile

Facebook timelineWhat is an Open Badge?Different perspectivesa simple digital standard for recognizing and sharing achievements, skills and performance.SUMMATIVE ASSESSMENT

A micro-credential

A discrete recordin a modular transcriptTECHNICAL DESCRIPTION

A portable graphic with an embedded description and links to supporting informationFORMATIVE ASSESSMENT

A reward forpositive (prescribed) behaviour

A marker on a development pathHow do Open Badges support learning?Some uses of badgescan be combined...Recognize Status


Group Keep artefacts Souvenirs of experienceMotivate learning

Game mechanics

Set goals (missions)

Track progressSet goals

Learning pathwaysAssess &Recognize Learning

Formal, non-formal, informal

Fill recognition gaps not currently well-servedSimple, versatile, agnostic...Small pieces can build powerful systems

Julian RiddenOpen Badges and GamificationSome similarities, some differencesGame mechanicsOpen BadgesPoints(xAPI), sub-badgesLevelsMilestone badgesQuestsBadge pathwaysMasteryCompetencyBonuses, easter eggsStealth badgesLeader boardsSocial networksFormativeFormative & summativeInternal recognitionExternal recognitionADULTYOUTHOpen Badges: Lifelong, Lifewide LearningLOWSTAKESHIGHSTAKESVolunteerExperienceWorkPlacementsAfterSchoolProgramsClassroomEngagementWorkplaceEngagementPersonalLearningMOOCsCo-CurricularRecordWorkshopsP/T & SummerJobsAdmission toHigher EdAdmission toPost GradSchoolsJob HireConferencesRecognitionof PriorLearningEmployabilityPortfolioCareerTransitionCommunitiesofPracticeMemberships,AffiliationsAwards,AchievementsTeamBuildingProfessionalCredentialsSoftCredentialsRed Cross, Cadets, Scouts,etc.E-learningCoursesFormativeFeedbackAwards,AchievementsContinuingEducationEmployee DevelopmentOUs OpenLearnBadged Open Courses pipeline tool

Starting with 5 open courses


Statements of Participation

does not carry any formal credit towards a qualification as it is not subject to the same rigour as formal assessment.1. Taking the first steps