Open Badges for Higher Education

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A exploration of emerging practice with a focus on emergence in Canada where possible.

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  • 1. Open Badges Making Learning Visible Higher Education Version March 8, 2015 Don Presant Presentation support page: http://bit.ly/openbadges4he

2. Education la carte Shes come undone... www.udacity.com/nanodegree 3. The PhD Employment Gap Expectation meets reality conferenceboard.ca The problem is threefold: attitude, employability, and job searching skills. academica.ca BUT...Knowledge is not enough NEW RESOURCES: PSE: 39.4% Where are Canadas PhDs Employed? 4. The Ones That Got Away Study: completion stats miss the point! WestEd Slideshare Key Findings about non-completion of programs: 1. Many non-completers had significant earnings gains 2. Economic value: content vs. credential 3. Non-completers are non-traditional students 4. Unknown factor: value of 3rd party credentials 5. Gaps in preparation, perception Lack of applied learning & soft skills Hart Research Associates for the Association of American Colleges & Universities (AAC&U) January 2015 Applied Learning Soft Skills 6. 70:20:10 Rule Not all learning takes place in the classroom deakinprime.com wikipedia.org 7. Vision of Co-Curricular Records http://bit.ly/ePIC2014_CCR1 8. What Problem are We Solving? Student Engagement Student Success Value learning outside the classroom Track, measure & authenticate Leadership Community service Athletics Special interests Specialized skills and knowledge Evidence-based support for further goals: Academic scholarships, awards, bursaries transfer to senior college community college to university graduate school Employment WBL/WIL, internships placements, permanent jobs 9. What Problem are We Solving? University Affairs 2010 10. Example A transcript for graduate employability ccr.utoronto.ca 11. Employability (Trent University, 2013) Employer Responses to the Co-Curricular Record Problem solving abilities, adaptability/flexibility, enthusiasm/dedication, communication (written & verbal), personable nature, ability to learn, reliability bit.ly/TrentU_CCR Top Skills or Qualities Types of activities Interest in CCR as a paper document: Students should use the document as a tool for reviewing their co-curricular experiences and reflecting on what skills/learning achievements were gained from each. Any relevant co-curricular experiences should be incorporated into the resume, and potentially referenced in the cover letter. Longer-term commitments demonstrate a greater level of student investment; leadership roles are valued. minimal 12. Why not the whole story... online? Academic Transcript Co-Curricular Record Experienced Learning Formal Learning ePortfolio Accredited Experiential Learning Degree Courses Thesis / Capstone Project Unapproved Co-Curricular Activities Work Experience -past -current Open Courses, PD Approved Co-Curricular. Activities Personal Life Experience -past -current PLAR/RPL 13. Paper Silos Issues with certification today freedesignfile.com/92259 Transparency issues Dumb paper often needs other documents, e.g. syllabus Proxy only not the whole story Easy to forge Physical issues Difficult to share, easy to lose Recognition issues Lack of granularity Lack of context no links to supporting evidence Experiential learning not valued Lack of alignment, transfer, articulation (stackability) 14. >75% 5 key learning outcomes: critical thinking, complex problem-solving, written and oral communication and applied knowledge in real-world settings It Takes More than a Major 2013 survey of 318 employers bit.ly/AAEEBL13_AACU Association of American Colleges & Universities (AAC&U) 93% Candidates demonstrated capacity to think critically, communicate clearly, and solve complex problems is more important than their undergraduate major >80% An electronic portfolio would be useful to them in ensuring that job applicants have the knowledge and skills they need to succeed in their company or organization 15. Your Accidental ePortfolio Tracking your digital footprints study 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% Use Google or other search engines to research candidates Research the candidate on Facebook Monitor the candidates activity on Twitter Employers who would n = 2,775 US/Canada July 2013 cb.com/18xbgez Some of the search activity happens before candidates are even called for a job interview. 16. eSourcing is Social Employers want to find you techvibes.com Oct 2014 17. Is LinkedIn enough? With ideas from: Does LinkedIn work as an ePortfolio? PRO Awareness workplace focus (esp. North America) Evidence Slideshare Infographics Videos, Recommendations (?) Social network Friend of a Friend Personal Learning Network LinkedIn Groups Timelines CON Flexibility customization, segmentation alignment to requirements/outcome interoperability - feeding to/from other sites Archiving file storage Private modes reflection, formative assessment, mentoring Learning frameworks self-assessment, plans, rubrics, etc. Audience beyond white collar older worker? (79% are 35+) Ownership Terms of Use, business model 18. Benefits of Learner Owned ePortfolios Personal control and privacy Not at the mercy of social media business models educ6040fall10.wikispaces.com/ePortfolio Public and private use Archive Reflective chamber Showcase Recognition tool all in one package Supports Recognition of Prior Learning More flexible, shareable version of paper portfolios Reduces wasteful repetition of training and education 19. Benefits of ePortfolios Employer acceptance 2015 AACU survey aacu.org 2015 EVIDENCE OF SOFT SKILLS IS KEY e.g. effective communication, applied skills, evidence-based reasoning, and ethical decision-making Designed for learning and development More supportive, flexible than Web 2.0 tools; good for RPL Personal control and privacy Not at the mercy of social media business models Integrated public/private use Archive, reflective chamber, showcase, recognition tool 20. ePortfolio as PLE Alan Davis Kwantlen Polytechnic University BC RPL Summit presentation March 2013 21. What are Open Badges? Brief introduction bit.ly/openbadges4tpd 22. www.britishbadgeforum.com/forums/showthread.php?t=7253 metronews.ca/ Origins of Badges Authority Badge Tracking Android App Since pre-Roman times Blue Light Achievement Affiliation Skills Military Scouting Heraldry 23. Digital Badges Gamification, engagement, recidivism earnyourwings.aircanada.com www.redcritterconnecter.com 24. A digital representation of an accomplishment, interest or affiliation that is visual, available online and contains metadata including trusted links that help explain the context, meaning, process and result of an activity. As an open artefact, the earner can present the badge in different contexts from which it was earned. What is an Open Badge? Micro-credential - modular record of learning Clear progress markers motivating learners, supporting advisors Flexible learning pathways granular, incremental, multi- source, laddered, remixable Visual branding issuers and earners Online trust system demonstrate skills & capabilities proof of performance backed by issuer 25. www.badgealliance.org/why-badges/ A skills ecosystem Open Badges, micro-portfolios in social networks Going digital helps separatingcombiningassessing aligning valorisingvalidatingsharing searching 26. Open Badges & Social Media Curated in ePortfolio Interactive criteria Pulled from Backpack LinkedIn Profile Facebook timeline 27. What is an Open Badge? Different perspectives a simple digital standard for recognizing and sharing achievements, skills and performance. SUMMATIVE ASSESSMENT A micro-credential A discrete record in a modular transcript TECHNICAL DESCRIPTION A portable graphic with an embedded description and links to supporting information FORMATIVE ASSESSMENT A reward for positive (prescribed) behaviour A marker on a development path 28. Some uses of badges can be combined... Recognize Status Reputation Group affiliation transformingassessment.com/TA_webinar_5_mar_2014_Simon_Cross.pdf Keep artefacts Souvenirs of experience Motivate learning Game mechanics Set goals (missions) Track progress Set goals Learning pathways Assess & Recognize Learning Formal, non-formal, informal Fill recognition gaps not currently well- served 29. Simple, versatile, agnostic... Small pieces can build powerful systems Julian Ridden 30. Open Badges and Gamification Some similarities, some differences Game mechanics Open Badges Points (xAPI), sub-badges Levels Milestone badges Quests Badge pathways Mastery Competency Bonuses, easter eggs Stealth badges Leader boards Social networks Formative Formative & summative Internal recognition External recognition 31. ADULT YOUTH Open Badges: Lifelong, Lifewide Learning LOW STAKES HIGH STAKES Volunteer Experience Work Placements After School Programs Classroom Engagement Workplace Engagement Personal Learning MOOCs Co-Curricular Record Workshops P/T & Summer Jobs Admission to Higher Ed Admission to Post Grad Schools Job Hire Conferences Recognition of Prior Learning Employability Portfolio Career Transition Communities of Practice Memberships, Affiliations Awards, Achievements Team Building Professional Credentials Soft Credentials Red Cross, Cadets, Scouts, etc. E-learning Courses Formative Feedback Awards, Achievements Continuing Education Employee Development 32. OUs OpenLearn Badged Open Courses pipeline tool Starting with 5 open courses Badges: Statements of Participation does not carry any formal credit towards a qualification as it is not subject to the same rigour as formal assessment. 1. Taking the first steps into higher education 2. Succeed with learning 3. Succeed with maths Part 1 4. Succeed with maths Part 2 5. English: skills for learning Not MOOCs perpetually open open.edu/openlearn/ 33. Purdue University Balancing Badges with Grades 34. Adding value to grades Purdue University Open Badges Grades Learner control over presentation and ownership A-F grading system focuses on sorting-based assessment and can be opaque. Transparency of learner attainments and mastery Not always indicators of actual capabilities. (Often) provide specific evidence for learner attainments from life- wide contexts Do not explicitly address informal learning except via Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL) processes Adapted from Bill Watson, PurduePoly 2014 (YouTube ) 35. Leveraging learners badge-earning pathways to: assist issuers in improving their instructional design scaffold learners reflection over the learning process https://sites.google.com/site/obie2015ws/ From Learning Evidence to Learning Analytics Some suggested topics: Impact of different badges on learner engagement e.g. participatory badges vs. assessment-based badges Combining OBs with other recent initiatives e.g. xAPI, LRMI Examining learning pathways that emerge in large scale OB initiatives Using semantic technologies on badge metadata 36. How do Open Badges support recognition? 37. Lipscomb University/Polaris Fortune 500 Competency Performance Model www.lipscomb.edu/professionalstudies/core-for-employers CORE measures 15 competencies on a badge system, which is based on a nationally respected and Fortune 500-proven competency performance modelthe Polaris Assessment System. Companies already utilizing this system include Nike, PetSmart, Disney, Mars, Wendys among many others. 38. Deakin University Badges for Employability Soft Skills t.co/ior8y5pbqe 39. Recognizing Co-Curricular Learning University of Michigan 40. If you add up all the time undergraduate students spend in their four years at college, only about 8 percent of their time is on the curricular, and 92 percent is on everything else. ....the light really went on when we saw how well the service learning students picked up on this opportunity to earn badges and showcase them in their eportfolios, at the same time truly highlighting, as never before, their co-curricular experiences. G. Alex Ambrose Professor of Practice, Associate Ass. Director of ePortfolio Assessment Kaneb Center for Teaching and Learning University of Notre Dame Showcasing the Co-Curricular ePortfolios & Open Badges at Notre Dame campustechnology.com 41. PaperBadger Publish...or perish the thought? https://github.com/mozillascience/PaperBadger source 42. Community Learning for Educators educause Community Service Communications Leadership Development Awards Subject Matter Development 43. Badging Health Professionals Continuing Professional Development http://www.paincommunitycentre.org/cpd/badges 44. Madison College Badging non-credited Continuing Education madisoncollege.edu/badges Strategic Objective: Creation and promotion of innovative, market-based credentials in credit, non- credit and customized programming (i.e. Badges) There are 120 badges to be rolled out this summer (2014). 45. Whats happening in Canada? 46. Emerging in Canada Early Adopters (#badgeCAN) 47. George Brown College Research and Innovation (in progress) Types of Applied Research Components of Applied Research Applied Research Methodologies Integrity & Conduct Literature Search Strategies Accountability in Collaboration Networking & Knowledge Transfer R&D Policy and Procedure Entrepreneurship APPLIED RESEARCH COMPETENCIES FIELD EXPERIENCE 48. Open Badges at UBC Low stakes exploration, experimentation Digital Tattoo By students for students Internet identity Video Game Law Stealth badges for online engagement Master of Ed Tech Students as course content authors Entrepreneurial role play badges.open.ubc.ca 49. Exciting new project Humanitarian PLE across the career lifecycle 50. Career Pathways Humanitarian PLE across the career lifecycle Talent Pipeline Recruitment Induction Formative Assessment Gap Training Team Building Performance Management Talent Management Experience Achievements Professional Development Career Development Leadership Development SME Specialization Career Change Outplacement External Performance Support Google, YouTube External repositories Coaching and Mentoring Other External Learning MOOCs, Open Ed Resources, Personal Learning Network, Communities of Practice Other Humanitarian LMSs such as: OCBA OCG Academic recognition? New Mission? New MSF role? New Career? O p e n B a d g e s OCB Other MSF LMSs such as: HRIS/ERP Systems Performance Management System Talent Management System Skills Marketplace Demand Supply Badge Passport/ ePortfolio External Recognition 51. What does all this mean? 52. The Ones That Got Away Study: completion stats miss the point! WestEd Slideshare Key Findings: 1. Many non-completers had significant earnings gains 2. Economic value: content vs. credential 3. Non-completers are non-traditional students 4. Unknown: value of 3rd party credentials Implications for Open Badges: 1. Badge sub-skills for employability Identify discrete sub-skills within a larger program of study that are v...