kids educating kids: healthy heart - marybeth ritter

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  • 9 sending schools
  • Over 2300 students
  • Half day education
  • Comprises of rural, urban, and suburban areas


  • 3 year program
  • Integrating science, math, English standards
  • Students involved in SKILLS USA VICA, HOSA, National Youth Tobacco Institute, Junior Operation Heartbeat team of the American Heart Association
  • Medical areas comprises of Nurse Aide program, Home Health Aide, Pharmacy Technician, Health Unit Coordinator, Physical Therapy Aide, Medical Assisting, Dental Assisting, and Surgical Technician

5. Integrating Science and English standards

  • PA proposed academic standards in Science & Technology , Math, Reading and Writing
  • Explaining the functional and structuralrelationship within our body
  • Explain the genetic component
  • Explains the environmental component of bodily changes
  • Assess the effectiveness of Computer/TechnologicalCommunication

6. Operation Heartbeat Junior team 7. How did we get started?

  • Getting involved with the American Heart Associations Operation Heartbeat
  • What are the needs of community to promote healthy heart living?
  • Who will we target?
  • What will be our focus?

8. What does the experts say?

  • People know that heart disease is the No. 1 killer of Americans, but they dont fully realize that its a silent process that begins in childhood, says lead author Christine L. Williams, M.D., M.P.H., immediate past chair of the American Heart Associations Committee on Atherosclerosis, Hypertension, and Obesity in the Young.

9. Who is are target group?

  • Brain-storming unleashed the true fact that we need to educate our young people
  • What age?5 thand 6 thgraders
  • What can we discuss with them?
  • How can we utilize what we learned in the class to share with these kids?

10. What did we learn that we could teach the kids?

  • Anatomy and Physiology:Learning about the heart, the function of the heart and what can interfere with heart function.
  • How can we show them because we learn better by seeing?Cows heart, hmmm!

11. Task:Healthy Heart Living

  • Exit Outcome:Given theory, demonstrations, and equipment, the student will perform heart healthy living techniques
  • Enabling Objectives:Given a diagram of the heart, the cows heart, information on the structure and function of the heart and lungs and the life style that will promote healthy heart living, the student will identify ways to become heart smart in order to live healthier lives.

12. Content Work

  • Review the anatomy of the heart and lungs
  • Show a cows heart to visualize
  • Demonstrate different functions of the heart
  • Show what can interfere with the functions of the heart and what tests can be done for analyzing function
  • Demonstration:heart model, straw test, cholesterol test, techniques to be heart smart, cracker rub

13. Academic Standards

  • Pennsylvania academic standards:
  • English
  • Math
  • Science
  •,1.1.11, 1.4.11D, 1.6.11A through E, 1.8.11, 2.11.8

14. Essential questions and Concepts

  • What do you think of when you hear someone mention heart attack?
  • What does the heart look like and how does it function?
  • What prevents the heart from functioning the way that it should?
  • What can you do to prevent cholesterol buildup?
  • Where does cholesterol come from?
  • What is healthy heart living?

15. Instruction

  • What will be the most effective way for a student to learn this concept.Lets put them through the test.
  • Let them do the cracker rub, the straw breathing test, let them actually see the amount of fat in their body and review the impact of the food that they may be eating and help them analyze the fat content.
  • Lets find their target heart zone and exercise!

16. Resources

  • American Heart Association

17. Heart Healthy Caring 18. Its your life now!Whats your choice?

  • Eat healthy
  • Exercise
  • Dont smoke
  • Develop eustress not distress


  • Fats: unsaturated better than saturated and trans
  • Limit fat intake to 40 grams/day
  • Decrease salt intake
  • Eat in moderation
  • Omega 3 fish oils
  • Fruits & Vegetables

21. When does cholesterol start building up?

  • Research has found that cholesterol starts to build in our vessels in the teenage years
  • What is cholesterol?
  • What should the level of blood cholesterol in our system?
  • Cholesterol blocks the blood flow in our vessels.What will happen then.

22. Tools for better understanding

  • Cracker rub for fats
  • Use of the doppler for blood flow of the heart
  • Brainstorm where the students most popular place for fast foods.Have samples of the nutritional analysis of each place and let them read how much fat there is in the product

23. Other class involvement

  • Healthy Cooking demonstrationby Culinary Arts
  • Demonstrate how to reduce fats when cooking or alternative to fats
  • Samples of healthy snacks that kids can make; having them analyze the nutritional analysis of the snack thus incorporating math standards.


  • Joshua Arndt, LCTI Culinary Arts Graduate
  • National Vocational-Technical Honor Society Member
  • NVTHS President 2002 2003
  • American Culinary Federation Junior Member

25. Smoking and You!

  • What is so bad in cigarettes?Lets name a few because there is over 4000 toxic chemicals!Chemistry standards involvement
  • Arsenic rat poison
  • Acetone found in nail polish remover
  • Carbon monoxide poisonous gas
  • Formaldehyde embalm dead bodies
  • Hydrogen Cyanide poison used in gas chambers
  • Naphthalene used to make explosives

26. Impact of Smoking on the Heart

  • Review the anatomy of the lungs and its function
  • Explain how smoking affects the lungs
  • Explain the effects of emphysema on a person
  • Have the students do the straw test
  • Show the students their oxygen content with a pulse oximeter and the impact if they smoke or if they are the victim of second hand smoking

27. Exercise

  • Make exercise fun; get the family involved
  • 30 minutes a day for 4 to 6 days in a week
  • Take their target heart zone to determine their effectiveness:subtract your age from 220 and divide by 6.During exercise your heart should work at 60 65% of the maximum rate for mid-level training.For top level training, your heart should work between 70 85%

28. How did we incorporate the standards?

  • First, Learning needs to be fun in order to retain.
  • Science anatomy of the heart and lungs using the cows heart, doppler, pulse oximeter, analysis of the diets and chemicals needed for a cigarette
  • Math Calculating fat intake in the nutritional analysis of food, target heart zone calculations
  • English Preparing the presentation, public speaking

29. Feedback from the kids

  • I really learned a lot and your students inspired me to look at food labels.Now I am going to try to take better care of myself.When I got home, I told everyone what we did!
  • I didnt know there was so much to learn about the heart. The devices helped me to really understandthe heart and lungs.I appreciate you coming here. What you do is so amazing!
  • I didnt know how unhealthy cholesterol was!

30. Its Your Life Now! Whats Your Choice?

  • You make some decisions with your heart,
  • Others with your mind!
  • But every step you take
  • Affects your life!
  • Look which way you are going
  • Think
  • Eat Healthy, Exercise, and Dont Smoke

31. Its Your Life Now!

  • You can make the right decision
  • Think Smart!
  • Eat Heart Healthy!
  • Play Heart Healthy!
  • And


  • For a copy of todays presentation please visitwww.careerpathway.organd access the Countywide Sharing page.
  • Todays presentation is titled Kids Educating Kids: Heart to Heart