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  • CapacityBuilding:TrainingGovernmentOfficialsin

    DryPortDevelopment

    AbdRadzakAbdMalekFCILTPresident

    TheCharteredInstituteofLogisticsandTransportMalaysia

  • TableofContent

    IntroductionInstitutionalFrameworkRegulatoryFrameworkTheWayForwardICTsaroundtheregionIpohICTCapacityBuildingCapacityBuildinginGovernmentTrainingNeedsTrainingModulesforGovernmentOfficersTraintheTrainersConclusion

  • Adryportmustfitintoacomplexsystemwherethenecessary

    supportinginfrastructure(roads,railways)isinplace,

    maintenanceisassured,andtheregulatoryandinstitutional

    systemsareproperlydesignedtooptimizetheinvolvementof

    boththepublicandtheprivatesector.

    Vandervoort and Morgan (1999)

    Introduction

  • Planning,developmentandoperationofdryportsinvolveamongst

    others,theissuanceoflicenses,provisionofguidelinesoninvestment

    policiesandguidelinesonlandusefordevelopment,consequently,

    coordinationofmanyagenciesisnecessary.

    Institutionalframework

  • Oneofthewaysofimprovingcoordinationcouldbethoroughclearlydefiningroles

    ofvariousdepartmentsandagenciesaswellastheprocessinvolvedin

    implementationoflegislationsandregulations.Familiaritywiththeexisting

    institutionalandregulatoryenvironmentwouldallowdryportprojectdevelopers

    tofollowtheprescribedprocessesnecessarytoinobtainnecessarytheapprovals.

    Inmostcasesbothcentralandlocalgovernmentsareinvolvedindryports,oftenat

    theplanningandapprovalstageofaprojectaswellasduringitsoperation.

    Institutionalframework

  • ForexampleinIndonesia,theMinistryofTransportation,Ministryof

    FinanceandGovernorofWestJavawereinvolvedinapprovingthe

    Cikarangdryportproject.Thelocation,constructionandoperationpermit

    wasissuedbytheMinistryofTransportation,whiletheMinistryofFinance

    issuedpermitfortemporarystorageareas(TPS)andimplementationof

    theCustomsAdvanceTradeSystem(CATS).Therefore,coordinationamong

    variouslevelofgovernmentisalsonecessary

    Institutionalframework

  • Attheoperationalstage,governmentdepartmentsincludingcustomsand

    otherinspectiondepartmentsaredirectlyinvolvedinthedailyoperationsof

    dryports.

    Aslargenumbersofagenciesfromcentralaswellaslocalgovernmentare

    involvedinplanning,developmentandoperationofdryportscoordination

    amongallconcernedagenciesisofparamountimportant.

    Institutionalframework

  • Inthisregard,oneoftheapproachescountriesmayconsideristoreview

    themandatesofexistinginstitutionsandconsiderwhethertheprovision

    ofauthoritiestoasingleinstitutiontoregulateandcoordinateworks

    relatedtodryportswouldbeappropriate.

    Institutionalframework

  • Regulatoryframework Regulationsondryportsinacountryorregionareoftenembeddedinregulations

    oninfrastructure,transportormultimodaltransport,land,logistics,port,

    investment,andtradeandtransportfacilitation.

    Allthesepoliciesandregulationscanhavedirectimpactsondryportsintermsof

    thetimeandcostofapprovalofthedryportprojectintheearlystagesandcosts

    andrevenuesattheoperationalstage.

  • Regulatoryframework Withregardtoharmonizingpoliciesandregulation,countriesmaytakesimilar

    approachtothatoutlinedaboveforinstitutions,reviewingexistingprovisions

    thatarerelevanttodryportsandconsideringtheinitiationofpoliciesand

    regulationsthatareconducivetothedevelopmentofdryports.

  • RegulatoryFramework Oneofapproachoftencitedistheprovisionofonestopserviceduringthe

    planningaswellastheoperationalstages,whererepresentativesofallconcerned

    agenciesarelocatedunderonerooftoofferservicesandadvicetopotential

    developerofadryportproject.While,duringoperationsallrelatedservicesare

    madeavailableatdryportsthatfacilitatetheclearanceofexportandimport

    cargoes.

  • Thewayforward

    Variousagenciesanddepartmentsofcentral,provincialandmunicipal

    governmentsareinvolvedinplanning,developmentandoperationofdry

    portsinAsia.Further,policiesandregulationsrelatedtodryportare

    normallyembeddedwithinothersectoralpoliciesandregulations.

    Therefore,coordinationamongagenciesandharmonizationofpolicies

    areessentialtofurtherpromotedevelopmentofdryportsinAsia.

  • Asregulatoryandinstitutionalissueshavedirectimpactsondevelopmentofdryports,

    memberStatesneedtoconsiderthefollowingissuesfortheirpromotionand

    development:

    (i)Developmentofinstitutionalandregulatoryframeworksfordryportsintheir

    countries;

    (ii)Coordinationofdifferentgovernmentministries/departmentsandtheprivatesector

    tocreateanenvironmentthatisconducivetodevelopmentofdryports;

    Thewayforward

  • ThewayForward

    (iii)Harmonizationofrelevantpoliciesandregulationsguidingthe

    developmentandoperationofdryports;and

    (iv)Sharingthebestexperiencesofpromotingthedevelopmentofdryports

    amongmembercountries.

  • Indonesia TheMinistryofTransportationistheauthorityforgivingapprovalforconstructionand

    operationofthedryportsinIndonesia. Localgovernmentsarealsoinvolvedfromplanningstage. OtherministriessuchastheMinistryofTrade,MinistryofPublicWorksandMinistryof

    Financearealsoinvolvedinthedevelopmentofthedryports. CikarangJababekadryportwillbethelargestandbusiestdryportinIndonesiawhenit

    willoperateinfullcapacity. OtherdryportssuchasSurabaya,CirebonandCilegonareveryclosetotheseaports.

    PotentiallocationsfordryportsareBatam,Medan,Dumai,YogyakartaandMakasar. Inordertomakedryportssinglewindowsystemtherelevantauthoritiessuchas

    Customs,MinistryofFinanceandtheQuarantineService,MinistryofAgriculturemaywishtoconsiderprovidingtheirservicesatdryports.

  • LaoPDRThanalaengWarehouseistheexistingdryportintheLaoPDR.OtherpotentiallocationsthathavebeenidentifiedfordryportsdevelopmentareSavanakhetandChampasack.TheDepartmentofTransport,MinistryofPublicWorksandTransportisthemainagencydealingwithdryports.Otherinstitutionsinvolvedintheirplanning,developmentandoperationsare:oDepartmentofCustoms,MinistryofFinance;oDepartmentofImmigration,MinistryofPublicSecurity;oDepartmentofQuarantine,MinistryofAgricultureandForestry;oLaoNationalChamberofCommerceandIndustry;oLaoInternationalFreightForwardersAssociation(LIFFA).Thefollowinglawsandregulationshavedirectimpactsonestablishmentandoperationsofdryports.oLandTransportLaw;oTrafficLaw;oCustomsLaw;oInvestmentPromotionLaw.

  • NepalSofar,investmentondryportsinNepalhasonlybeenbythegovernmentsector.Multilateraldonoragenciesareassistingindevelopmentofdryports.InordertofacilitateNepalsinternationaltrade,thegovernmenthasencouragedtheprivatesectortoparticipatedevelopingdryportsusingthePublicPrivatePartnership(PPP)model.Thefollowinglawsandregulationshavedirectimpactsonestablishmentandoperationsofdryports.PrivateFinancingAct2006ForeignInvestmentPolicyandTechnologyTransferAct1992LandPolicyandLandAcquisitionAct1977EnvironmentProtectionAct/Rules1997MultimodalTransportationofGoodsAct2006ExportandImportAct1957MotorVehicleAct1993LaborAct1992

  • RepublicofKoreaTheMinistryofLand,TransportandMaritimeAffairs(MLTM)istheregulatoryauthorityintheRepublicofKorea.MLTMencouragesprivatesectorinvestmentindevelopmentofdryportsandlogisticscentres.ProposalsfromtheprivatesectorarereviewedbythePublicandPrivateInfrastructureInvestmentManagementCentre(PIMAC)tocheckwhetherproposalscorrespondwiththegovernmentslongtermplanandinvestmentpriority.TheGovernmentprovidessomesupportfordevelopmentofdryportsintheformoflandacquisitioncostandpartofprojectcosts.TheUiwangICDwasdevelopedbyapublicprivatepartnershipsin1992.TheKoreanRailroadCompanyandPrivateTransportationcompanieshaveinvestedintheUiwangICD.LogisticscenteratGunpo,PajooandPyongtaekarenowunderconstruction.

  • IPOHICTTheideaof'DryPort'or'InlandPort'asthebestalternativetoa

    seaportwasdevelopedbytheMalaysian Government.Themainaim

    istoprovideallthefacilitiesandlogisticservicesthatareavailableat

    seaportatstrategicinlandlocation.Itisbasicallyanextensionofport

    facilitiesintothehinterlandofaseaport,exceptinthiscasewithout

    theseaandforthereasontheterm'DryPortisbeingused.

  • IPOHICTBasedonthisconcept,Malaysiaestablisheditsfirst'DryPort'atJalan St.

    John,IpohinthestateofPerak.ItwasincorporatedundertheCompany's

    ActasaprivateconcernunderthenameIpohCargoTerminal(ICT)in

    November1989undertheauspicesoftheMinistryofTransportwiththe

    participationofKeretapi TanahMelayu Bhd,PerakStateEconomic

    DevelopmentCorporation(SEDC),PortKlang Authority(PKA),Penang

    PortCommission(PPC)andJohore PortAuthority(JPA).

  • IPOHICT

    EstablishedprimarilytohelpandprovidethePerakbased

    tradersanalternativeinchoiceofportsfortheirbusiness,ICT

    hasnowbecomethemainportofimportandexportformostof

    themajorandsmallscaleindustrieslocatedwithinKintaValley

    anditssurrounding.

  • ObjectivesICTprovidesthePerak basedtradersanalternativeinthechoiceofports

    fortheirbusiness.Whereoncetheportwasafewhundredkilometers

    away,itisnowvirtuallynextdoortothemthushavingbettercontrolof

    themovementoftheirgoods.WiththedevelopmentofICT,exportersand

    importerscannowhavetheirgoodsclearedandcustomsdutypaidatICT

    insteadofattheseaport.

  • TrainServiceICTplaysbothasupplementaryandcomplementaryroletoexistingportsin

    thecountryasaonestopcentrecargocarriageandacceptance.ICT

    operatesdailydedicatedtrainservicesprovidedbyKeretapiTanahMelayu

    Berhad(KTMB)toandfromPortKlangunderitsPitStopOperation(PSO)

    concept.The2dailytrainsmovefromIpohtoPortKlangandfromPort

    KlangbacktoIpohwithacapacityof35bcfofwagonsor70TEUSof

    containerspertrain.

  • ContainerHandlingICToperates24hoursadayand6daysaweek.TheworkingdaysarefromMondaytoSaturday.Thenormalworkinghours

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