Healthy Weight and Body Image
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DESCRIPTIONHealthy Weight and Body Image. Chapter 6. Body Image. The way you see your body How might messages sent by media images negatively affect body image??? Dove Evolution Commercial http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hibyAJOSW8U&safety_mode=true&persist_safety_mode=1&safe=active. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
Healthy Weight and Body ImageChapter 6
Body ImageThe way you see your body
How might messages sent by media images negatively affect body image???
Dove Evolution Commercialhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hibyAJOSW8U&safety_mode=true&persist_safety_mode=1&safe=active
Maintaining a Healthy WeightCalories consumed must equal the calories your body burnsCalorie: unit used to measure energyTake in fewer calories than you burn = weight lostTake in more calories than you burn = weight gain
** Adding just 100 extra calories to your daily food intake without changing your activity level will add 10 pounds to your weight in 1 year.
Determining Your WeightSeveral factors to consider:GenderAgeHeightBody frameGrowth rateMetabolic rateActivity level
Body Mass IndexRatio that allows you to assess your body size in relation to your height and weight.Different charts for males and females
Calculate your BMI see chart on pg. 146Where do you fall??Valid test?
Body CompositionRatio of body fat to lean body tissue
Body Weight vs. Body FatOverweight is a condition in which a person is heavier than the standard weight range for his or her height Obesity refers specifically to having an excess amount of body fat
When might being overweight NOT pose a health risk???
Answer:Athletes such as bodybuilders or football players may be overweight because of excess muscle tissue rather than excess body fat.
Weight-Related Health RisksOverweightIncrease risk of high blood pressureHigh cholesterolIncrease risk of type 2 diabetesAsthmaCancer
Weight-Related Health RisksUnderweightFatigueDecreased ability to fight illnessNot enough nutrients
Healthful Ways to Manage WeightTarget your appropriate weightSet realistic goalsPersonalize your planPut your goal and plan into writingEvaluate your progress
Healthy Weight-Loss StrategiesInclude your favorites in moderationEat a variety of low-calorie, nutrient-dense foods (foods that are high in nutrients as compared with their calorie content).Whole grain products, vegetables and fruitsDrink plenty of water
Healthy Weight-Gain StrategiesIncrease your calorie intakeEat often and take second helpingsEat nutritious snacksBuild muscle
Whether you are trying to lose weight or gain weight. Physical activity should be a part of your plan!!!
Write down one weight-related goal. What are you going to do to reach that goal??
Fad Diets and Eating Disorders
Fad DietsWeight-loss plans that are popular for only a short timeLimit food varietyDo not offer information on healthy eating patternsFails to provide body with proper nutrientsWeight lost is usually regained
Liquid DietsReplaces all food intake with a special liquid formulaDo not meet bodys energy needsDieter feels fatiguedNo fiber or proper nutrientsHigh protein, low carbohydrates
FastingAbstain from eatingDeprives body of nutrients and energyBody breaks down stored proteinDehydratedSometimes popular with some cultures or religion. But only fasting for a short time.
Diet PillsSuppresses appetiteDrowsinessAnxietyRacing heartAddictiveLose more water than normal
What are some other fad diets you can think of???
Weight CyclingThe repeated pattern of loss and regain of body weightCommon in people who follow fad diets
Eating DisordersExtreme, harmful eating behavior that can cause serious illness or even death.Mental or emotional factorsPoor body imageSocial pressuresFamily pressuresPerfectionism Genetic???
Anorexia NervosaDisorder in which the irrational fear of becoming obese results in severe weight loss from self-imposed starvationMost often in teenage girls and young womenExtreme low caloric intakeObsession with exerciseEmotional problemsUnnatural interest in foodDistorted body imageDenial of an eating problem
Health ConsequencesMalnutrition and starvationStop menstruatingLoss of bone densityLow body temperatureLow blood pressureSlowed metabolismReduction in organ size
Bullimia NervosaDisorder in which some form of purging or clearing of the digestive tract follows cycles of overeating.Follows a strict diet and then binges quickly consuming a lot of food.
Health ConsequencesDehydrationKidney damageIrregular heartbeatDestroys tooth enamelTooth decayDamages tissues of the stomach, esophagus and mouth
Binge EatingDisorder characterized by compulsive overeatingPeople try not to purge
Health ConsequencesUnhealthy weight gainType 2 diabetesStrokeHeart diseaseGallbladder problemHigh blood pressureHigh cholesterolCancer
Nutrition for Individual Needs
Performance NutritionTraining DietBalanced, moderate and variedNeed for nutrients does not change muchBut, active individuals need to eat more calories from nutrient-dense foods to maintain weight and energy levels.Making Weight THE RISKS:Losing weight through fasting, crash dieting or sweatGaining weight through anabolic steroids Slow and steady weight gain is BEST! 1-2 lbs per week.
HydrationElectrolytesMinerals that help maintain the bodys fluid balanceSodium, chloride, potassiumRehydrationRestoring lost body fluids
VegetarianismA person who eats mostly or only plant foodsPg. 159 in textbookLacto-ovo vegetarianismLacto vegetarianisnOvo vegetarianismVegan
Dietary SupplementsNon-food form of one or more nutrientsContain vitamins, minerals, fiber, protein or herbsPill, capsule, powder or liquid form
Risks of Dietary SupplementsMegadose very large amount of a dietary supplementHerbal supplement chemical substance from plants that may be sold as a dietary supplementNatural
** Just because something is natural doesnt mean it is harmless. Certain herbs are poisonous. Others may be harmless on their own, but may interact dangerously with prescription or OTC drugs. Be careful!! Ask a doctor for more information.