Healthy Living. Healthy body O Healthy diet + physical activity= Healthy body.
Post on 02-Jan-2016
Healthy LivingHealthy bodyHealthy diet + physical activity= Healthy bodyDiet is the usual food and drink that each person consumes and is a very important part of health.
A balanced diet means eating the right types of food in the right amounts so that the body gets the nutrients it needs.Carbohydrates proteinsFats Fibervitamins & minerals WaterEnergyTo maintain minimum essential life functions is known as basal metabolic rate, BMR. Humans require energy to functionObtain energy from food they consumeMeasured in Calories.The amount of calories needed depends on body weight, age, activity levels, and if male or femaleMetabolismMetabolism= chemical reactions involved in storing food molecules and converting food molecules into energy. Digestion + oxygen energyWeightIf you consume to many calories the excess is stored and you gain weightYou want the energy in= energy out, so you dont gain weight. How to burn foodOxygen must be supplied to cells, and carbon dioxide released. Heart/lungs deliver oxygen to all the organs, tissues and cells. Energy must be transferred for the organs, and cells to work. Lungs take in oxygen for the combustion of foodRegular ExerciseImportant to maintain a healthy heart, lungs, muscle tone, bone strength. Increase heart rate provides more oxygen for the body to use.
Overall Basal Metabolic Rate60 % of all energy used by the body30% account of daily physical activities (walking and moving)10% of the energy used by the body to digest and process food. Calculate BMRSo what should my diet look like?Draw a picture of a plate include how much you think should be fruits, vegetables, protein (meat), and grains.
Why do we need a balanced diet?Food Group % needed in your diet.Why you need it.CarbohydratesFatsFiberProteinsVitamins and Minerals15%7%33%12%33%Needed for healthy body functioning. For Example: Vitamin A is needed for new cell growth, healthy skin, hair, and tissues, and vision in dim light.Build and repair muscle, tissue, etc.Releases energy for the body.Protects organs in your body and is an energy store.To regulate digestion and elimination of faecal matter.Too much fat / clogs arteries; obesity; heart diseaseToo much salt / high blood pressure (hypertension)Too much sugar / type II diabetes (insulin/regulate blood sugar)Too little vitamins & minerals / problems like anemia, weak immune systemPoor NutritionYou are much more likely to kill yourself with your lifestyle choices than to have someone else kill you!The typical American diet is too high in saturated fat, sodium, and sugar and too low in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, calcium, and fiber.
Leading Contributors to Premature Death
Diet & Physical Inactivity 310,000-580,000
Tobacco 260,000-470,000Alcohol 70,000-110,000Microbial Agents 90,000Toxic Agents 60,000-110,000Firearms 35,000Sexual Behavior 30,000Motor Vehicles 25,000Drug Use 20,000Leading Causes of Death(Diet and inactivity are leading risk factors for causes of death shown in bold.)Heart Disease 709,894 Cancer 551,833 Stroke 166,028Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease 123,550 Accidents 93,592Diabetes 68,662Pneumonia and Influenza 67,024Alzheimers Disease 49,04411. Suicide 28,33212. Chronic Liver Disease/Cirrhosis 26,21913.High Blood Pressure 17,96415. Homicide 16,137You are much more likely to kill yourself with your lifestyle choices than to have someone else kill you!Sugar in Soda: http://youtu.be/F10EyGwd57M
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