Glorious Grammar

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This PowerPoint is a lesson on grammar that covers parts of speech and sentence diagramming.

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  • 1. Glorious Grammar
    A review of the Parts of Speech
    and VerbAgreement
    Kimberly Fluck

2. Fair Use Statement
This presentation was created using fair use guidelines.
3. Importance of Grammar
Helps with critical thinking
Leads to more prestigious speech and writing
Helps when learning a foreign language
4. Parts of Speech - Review
Noun a person, place, thing, or idea
Examples:car, dog, Jim, violence
Verb expresses actions, events, or a state of being
Examples:run, jump, is, have
Adjective describes, identifies or quantifies
Examples:blue, seven, hideous, dark
Pronoun replaces or substitutes for a noun
Examples:he, you, I, which
Adverb indicates manner, time, place, cause, or degree
Examples:quickly, patiently, boldly
5. Practice with Parts of Speech
The dog jumps over the fence.
Noun
Jim gives Susan a card.
Verb
She ran to class quickly.
Adverb
He lifted the weights.
Pronoun
6. Conjunctions
Connects or conjoins parts/clauses of a sentence
Examples:for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so FANBOYS
Jim and Ted built a shed.
You can have the cat or the dog.
I like having time off, but I dont like having small pay checks.
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mkO87mkgcNo&feature=related
7. Complex and Compound Sentences
A simple sentence, also called an independent clause, contains a subject and a verb, and it expresses a complete thought.
Example:Mark plays football every afternoon.
A compound sentence contains two independent clauses joined by a conjunction.
Example:I tried to speak Spanish, and my friend tried to speak English.
A complex sentence has an independent clause joined by one or more dependent clauses. A complex sentence always has a subordinator such as because, since, after, although, or when.
Example:After they finished studying, John and Sarah went to the movies.
8. Agreement with Subject-Verb
When the subject of a sentence is composed of two or more nouns or pronouns connected by and, use a plural verb.
When two or more singular nouns or pronouns are connected by or, use a singular verb.
When a compound subject contains both a singular and a plural noun or pronoun joined by or the verb should agree with the part of the subject that is closest to the verb.
He and his friends are at the game.
The paper or the pen is in the desk.
The boy or his friends eat fruit.
His friends or the boy eats fruit.
9. Sentence Diagramming
1.They laughed.
2.Her friend is an architect.
3.He is getting old.
Who can diagram these sentences?
10. Sentence Diagramming
1.They laughed.
Theylaughed.
Subjectverb
11. Sentence Diagramming
2.Her friend is an architect.
friendisarchitect. SubjectVerbPredicate
an
Adjective
article
Her
12. Sentence Diagramming
3.He is getting old.
Heis gettingold.Subject VerbPredicate (Adj.)
13. Bibliography
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mkO87mkgcNo&feature=related
http://a2.vox.com/6a00c225267e228e1d0110168e7d5a860d-500pi
http://www.writingcentre.uottawa.ca/hypergrammar/partsp.html