glorious happenings

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A collection of articles, stories, and biographies of the key events, people, and information of the Civil War. Created by the American History Research students of Alliance High School, Alliance, NE (7th Period).

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  • The camera is the eye of history.

    -Mathew Brady,

    Civil War photographer

    Civil War photography

    By: Hannah Kesterson

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  • Advanced Weaponry

    Civil War Weaponry

    Continued on page 2

    By: JonathanWeishaar

    Muskets

    Pistols

    Swords

    The muskets of the Civil War were still muzzle-loaders, but there was a large difference compared to pre-Civil War muskets. The Civil War musket was rifled, which increased accuracy and range. This difference changed the way that wars were fought on the battlefield.

    Most of the Civil War pistols were single action revolvers. Except Smith and Weston, these revolvers were tediously loaded with either combustible paper cartridges or with loose powder and ball. Both methods inserted the powder and bullet from the front, and a rammer was built into the gun to swage the bullet into place.

    The American Civil War was not only a test for arms and military superiority, but also a test of guts and steel. Civil War swords were worn as a badge of honor. They were awarded by the federal government to the soldiers who had done exceptional military service.

    There were many places in the American Civil War where advanced technology helped win the battle. The Napoleon cannon was the most popular smoothbore cannon used during the war. It was named after Napoleon III of France, and was admired due to its safety, reliability, and killing power, especially at close range. The Federal version of the Napoleon can be recognized by the flared front end of the barrel, while the Confederate Napoleons were produced mainly with a straight muzzles.

  • Jared Hawley

    MILITARY TACTICS The Civil War

    Whats the best way to kill your brother?

    At first the strategies and tactics used by both sides was largely based on many of the same strategies that Napoleon used. Though these tactics were simple they were the cutting edge of military know-how in the

    time of the Civil War. With new technology and weapons, however, the tactics proved deadly to both sides and a new style was developed. A style that would spread fast to Europe; trench warfare.

    Winfield Scott came to Lincoln at the beginning of the Civil War with a plan. He said it would be a sure way to win the war before it began. His plan was originally called the boa-constrictor plan because it would squeeze the south to military death. Though Lincoln thought it was a good idea the American people wanted war, not military diplomacy. Scott never saw his plan in action.

    The plan called for 60,000 Union troops to go down the Mississippi River and secure it from Cairo, Illinois, to the Gulf and set up a blockade of southern ports. This would cut off the Souths trade and lifeline to supplies it desperately needed (that used to be provided by the North). Then after this had been accomplished the blockade would be enforced until the South was forced to surrender.

    The Anaconda Plan

    Facts

    Examples:

    Battles:

    The line of battle was one of the most common techniques used at the beginning of the Civil War. Its basically a long firing line.

    Calvary were not like the modern depiction. They were mainly scouts, not brave men riding in on horseback to save the day.

    Fort Sumter was the first battle of the war. The South was trying to take northern posts so they wouldnt have opposition to secession.

    The Battle of Gettysburg was probably the most famous and definitely the most bloody battle of the entire Civil war.

  • American History

    The North By: Bridget Ackerman, Nick Pollack, Heaven Hulshizer,

    Jared Hawley Abraham Lincoln

    The President of the United States (at the time known as the Union) was the main political leader of the North during the duration of the Civil War, and remained president after.

    Northern Facts Color Blue

    Nicknames Yankees

    Union

    U.S.A.

    Military Leaders

    Ulysses S. Grant

    William T. Sherman

    Political Leaders

    Abraham Lincoln

    Four score and seven years ago our fathers brought forth upon this continent a new nation conceived of liberty and dedicated to the propesition that all men are created equal Abraham Lincoln

    Strengths and Weaknesses of the

    North The North (the winner of the war) had many strengths but for

    every strength there is a weakness. First off, the North had a much larger population than the South, which is a pivotal advantage, because the more people in a country then the larger the army will be. They also had industry on their side. With factories to aid them they had more supplies, and a way to make money. Along with factories, industry also gave the North another advantage: railroads. Railroads were a way to transport goods, troops, and really anything they needed.

    Though the North had many advantages over the South it was not a one sided war. The North also had internal conflicts, like not agreeing on the abolition of slavery. Many of the Norths best military officers chose to fight for the South because thats where their homes were, and the North had to invade the South. This meant they had to fight an offensive war in unknown territory.

    Abraham Lincoln

  • The South

    The C.S.A.

    Strengths: Strong Military Fought on own Soil Determination

    Weaknesses: Weak government Poor finances Divided military

    Strengths and Weaknesses

    Jefferson Davis- President Robert E. Lee- General Stonewall Jackson- General P. G. T. Beauregard- General John Bell Hood- General Joseph E. Johnston- General

    Leaders of the South

    Motto: Deo Vindice With God our

    Vindicator Anthem: Dixie Capitals: Montgomery,

    Alabama and Richmond, Virginia

    The Confederacy The Confederacy was an independent

    nation form February 8, 1861 to May 5, 1865. The Confederacy was formed by southern states that had seceded from the United States of America in order to preserve the right to own slaves. The South made the first assault on April 11, 1861 at Fort Sumter. In the beginning The Confederacy won battles such as The Battle of Bull Run. With fewer soldiers and less money the South began to lose their momentum. The Confederacy suffered great losses at Gettysburg, turning the tide of war against them. This eventually lead to the Unions capture of the Confederate capitol and Robert E. Lees army in April 1865. The North took control of the South ending the Confederate States of America.

  • The Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854 repealed the Missouri Compromise of 1820. The act would say that the territories of Nebraska and Kansas would be given popular sovereignty to become either free or slave. The territories decided that they would become slave but the vote was not completely true. Many people moved to Kansas to sway the vote in their favor. With people moving there and with different ideas, they were bound to fight, and they did. They had bloody fights and small battles all the time, which brought about the nickname Bleeding Kansas. The Kansas-Nebraska Act divided the nation and pointed it toward Civil War. In 1861 a new anti-slavery con