fire inspection and code enforcement, 7 th edition chapter 17 — inspection procedures inspector i

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  • Fire Inspection and Code Enforcement, 7th Edition

    Chapter 17 Inspection ProceduresInspector I

    Inspector I

  • Learning Objective 1

    Discuss the three interpersonal communication skills that inspectors should possess.

    Inspector I17*Inspector I

    Inspector I

  • DISCUSSION QUESTION What percentage of information do people remember after they hear it?

    Inspector I17*

    Inspector I

  • Listening SkillsAttendingUnderstandingRememberingEvaluatingRespondingHearing versus listening

    Inspector I17*

    Inspector I

  • Tips for Becoming a Good Listener

    Listen to speeches or stories on audiotapeTake notesFocus on speaker and messageOvercome internal voiceOvercome psychological barriersInspector I17*

    Inspector I

  • DISCUSSION QUESTIONS What is the difference between hearing and listening? What are some of the most common listening barriers?

    Inspector I17*

    Inspector I

  • Conversing SkillsExchanging thoughts and opinions in speechVerbal communications improvementNonverbal communications improvementInspector I17*

    Inspector I

  • DISCUSSION QUESTIONS What is I-based language? In what instances might direct eye contact be incorrect?

    Inspector I17*

    Inspector I

  • Communication Model ElementsInspector I17*

    Inspector I

  • Persuading SkillsAttentionNeedSatisfactionVisualizationActionInspector I17*

    Inspector I

  • Learning Objective 2

    Describe the various elements of inspection preparation.Inspector I17*

    Inspector I

  • DISCUSSION QUESTION Why is it so important to be prepared for an inspection?

    Inspector I17*

    Inspector I

  • Personal AppearanceMust be professionalMay be uniform or civilian attire, but neat appearance is always mandatoryInspector I17*

    Inspector I

  • Equipment ListsItems commonly used for fire inspectionRespiratory hazards

    Inspector I17*(Continued)

    Inspector I

  • DISCUSSION QUESTION What is the first consideration for an inspector when conducting an inspection?

    Inspector I17*

    Inspector I

  • Inspection SchedulingFactors that influence the length and complexity of inspection Tips for scheduling inspectionsSteps for scheduling inspectionsUnscheduled or unannounced inspectionsInspector I17*

    Inspector I

  • DISCUSSION QUESTION What are some occupancies that may require unannounced inspections?

    Inspector I17*

    Inspector I

  • Inspection Records ReviewFirst inspectionPrevious inspectionsItems to includeInspector I17*

    Inspector I

  • Learning Objective 3

    Describe general inspection practices.Inspector I17*

    Inspector I

  • Inspection PracticesSeries of activities resulting in a complete examination of a facility or occupancyBegin before arriving for scheduled inspection; inspector can make observations regarding general vicinity and exterior of premisesInspector I17*

    Inspector I

  • Observations Made From a DistanceConditions, barriers, or obstructions that may affect fire-department accessLocations of all hydrants, alternative water sources, and FDCsInspector I17*(Continued)

    Inspector I

  • Observations Made From a DistanceBuilding name and addressAddress numbersExterior maintenance or housekeeping problemsType of occupancyInspector I17*(Continued)

    Inspector I

  • Observations Made From a DistanceNumber of stories of the structureProximity to other structures or potential exposuresConstruction, renovation, or demolition activities

    Inspector I17*

    Inspector I

  • General Inspection PracticesInspection should begin at scheduled time.Inspector should immediately greet owner/occupant or building representative and provide official identification.Inspector I17*(Continued)

    Inspector I

  • General Inspection PracticesInspector should explain the purpose of the visit and answer any questions.Established routine should be followed.Exterior inspectionInterior inspectionInspector I17*

    Inspector I

  • Learning Objective 4

    Explain how photographs are important to the inspection process.Inspector I17*

    Inspector I

  • PhotographsIllustrate existing conditions and serious problemsUsed in conjunction with sketches and drawingsProvide an accurate portrayal of the sceneInspector I17*(Continued)

    Inspector I

  • PhotographsDocument violations that result in a citation or legal actionMay be taken when occupancy is safe and in complianceInspector I17*

    Inspector I

  • Learning Objective 5

    Discuss inspection checklists and drawings.Inspector I17*

    Inspector I

  • Inspection ChecklistsReminder of common items to be checked during inspection Record of inspectionCommercially produced or modified to meet local codesItems to includeInspector I17*

    Inspector I

  • Inspection DrawingsRough drawings; do not have to be drawn to scaleUsed to create final inspection drawingsTypesPlot and floor plan sketchesGeneral considerationsInspector I17*

    Inspector I

  • Learning Objective 6

    Discuss safety-related factors that can be affected by a change in occupancy.Inspector I17*

    Inspector I

  • Building Occupancy ChangesFrequent when old structures are remodeled or renovatedChanges in occupancy affect several fire and life safety code requirementsInspector I17*

    Inspector I

  • Learning Objective 7

    Discuss final interviews.Inspector I17*

    Inspector I

  • Final InterviewsDiscussion of results of inspection with owner/occupant or property managerPurposeShould include written documentationWill provoke varying reactionsInspector I17*(Continued)

    Inspector I

  • DISCUSSION QUESTION What is the best way to handle a hostile individual?

    Inspector I17*

    Inspector I

  • Final InterviewsViolation discussionsPrepared educational package for owner/occupantBuilding of long-term relationships

    Inspector I17*

    Inspector I

  • Learning Objective 8

    Describe inspection-related letters and reports.Inspector I17*

    Inspector I

  • Inspection-Related Letters and ReportsOfficial records of inspectionBasis for legal action when requiredReports Formal lettersMust clearly present results of inspection Inspector I17*(Continued)

    Inspector I

  • Inspection-Related Letters and ReportsItems to include Must include explanation of violations notedShould be sent by registered mail, a process service, or hand delivered by inspector

    Inspector I17*

    Inspector I

  • Learning Objective 9

    Discuss follow-up inspections.Inspector I17*

    Inspector I

  • Follow-Up InspectionsEnsure that requirements made in inspection report have been completedInclude inspection of only problem areas included in inspection reportInspector I17*(Continued)

    Inspector I

  • Follow-Up InspectionsProcess to follow if:Code violations have been correctedSome code violations have not been corrected, but effort is being made to complyCode violations have not been corrected and is apparent no effort has been made to correct them

    Inspector I17*

    Inspector I

  • Learning Objective 10

    Describe the elements of an emergency evacuation plan.Inspector I17*

    Inspector I

  • Emergency Planning and PreparednessNeed for evacuation planning and how to prepare occupants, residents, and facility staff members to respond to any type of emergencyInspector I17*

    Inspector I

  • ProceduresKey to successComplexity depends on type of occupancy and level of occupant preparednessElementsMonitor dutiesEmployee/occupant dutiesInspector I17*

    Inspector I

  • Learning Objective 11

    Describe emergency evacuation drills.Inspector I17*

    Inspector I

  • Emergency Evacuation DrillsPerformed regularly to test effectiveness of evacuation plansDiscussed with all levels of management and supervisory staffConducted in all types of occupanciesAt least two per year; at different times of dayInspector I17*

    Inspector I

  • Emergency Evacuation Drills in Educational FacilitiesAll persons in building must participateMay be required monthlyExecute at different times of dayProvide direction on where and how students should report if alarm sounds during times other than normal class periodsInspector I17*(Continued)

    Inspector I

  • Emergency Evacuation Drills in Educational FacilitiesInclude alternate exit routesProcessSchools operating in U.S. DoD facilitiesInspector I17*

    Inspector I

  • DISCUSSION QUESTION Where should assembly points be located?

    Inspector I17*

    Inspector I

  • Emergency Evacuation Drills in Health Care FacilitiesConducted quarterly on each shiftMust include all emergency notification signals Include update of written plan if modification is neededMay not include total evacuation in every emergencyInspector I17*(Continued)

    Inspector I

  • Emergency Evacuation Drills in Health Care FacilitiesPhase 1 activitiesPhase 2 activitiesPhase 3 activities Phase 4 activitiesInspector I17*

    Inspector I

  • Emergency Evacuation Drills in Correctional FacilitiesMust include maintenance of fire-detection system, key-control system, and written emergency preparedness planMust be made available to inmatesInspector I17*(Continued)

    Inspector I

  • Emergency Evacuation Drills in Correctional FacilitiesMust be constantly reviewed and upgraded depending on changing cond

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