figurative language - source: what is figurative language?

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    Figurative Language

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    What is figurative language?

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    Figurative or Nonliteral Language:

    Words or phrases with a meaning that is different from the literal interpretation.

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    Anthony: “Lets hit the books!”

    Ella: “Great idea!”

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    Literal Meaning: Figurative Meaning:

    “Hit the books” Study hard

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    There are many types of Figurative Language:

    1. Hyperbole 2. Personification 3. Idiom 4. Metaphor 5. Simile 6. Alliteration 7. Onomatopoeia

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    Hyperbole:

    An exaggerated statement

    or claim not meant to be

    taken literally.

    *1 ton = 2000 pounds*

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    “My backpack weighs a ton!”

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    Personification:

    Giving human attributes to

    nonhuman things (animals or

    objects).

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    “On the windy day, the leaves danced across the lawn.”

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    Idiomatic Expressions or “Idiom”

    A phrase having a meaning

    not related to individual

    words in the phrase.

    “He woke up on the wrong

    side of the bed.”

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    Metaphor:

    A comparison between two

    things that aren't alike but

    do have something in

    common.

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    “Books are keys to unlocking success.”

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    Simile:

    The comparison between

    two things that aren't alike

    but do have something in

    common using the words like

    or as in comparison.

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    Alliteration:

    ▪ Using the same letter or sound at the beginning closely connected words.

    ▪ Using alliteration in titles is a good way to catch someone’s attention!

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    Onomatopoeia:

    ▪ Using or creating a word that resembles or suggests the sound that it describes.

    ▪ I heard sirens after the loud BOOM from the crash.

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    Why does English use Figurative language?

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    Some reasons include:

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    ▪ More interesting to read

    ▪ Deeper meaning

    ▪ Create better understanding

    ▪ Emphasis something

    ▪ Describe something better

    ▪ It’s Creative!

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    Where do we find Figurative Language?

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    Almost Everywhere!

    ▪ Poetry ▪ Conversations ▪ Fiction Books ▪ Non-Fiction Books ▪ Advertisements ▪ Commercials ▪ Etc.

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    Similes are extremely common and easy to make.

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    How to make a simile:

    1. Choose two different things to compare. Ex. Teddy Bear and Clouds 2. Identify one thing they have in common. Ex. Both look soft/ fluffy. 3. Use the words “like” or “as” to emphasize the

    thing they have in common.

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    The teddy bear was as soft as a cloud.

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    The teddy bear felt like a soft cloud.

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    Write a positive simile about your shoulder partner! Ex. Irene is as _______ as a ________.

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